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Physical appearance and voice in male-to-female transsexuals

(2001) JOURNAL OF VOICE. 15(4). p.570-575
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Abstract
It has been suggested that sex judgments of male-to-female transsexuals based on the voice may be influenced by the physical appearance of the clients. To explore this hypothesis, a listener experiment was designed in which a panel of 22 laypersons and 22 students in speech-language pathology rated the "femaleness" of fourteen male-to-female transsexuals from video-recorded speech samples in three modes of presentation: auditory-only presentation, visual-only presentation, and audiovisual presentation. Results indicate that appearance and voice are indeed interacting factor,.,. Ratings from the auditory-only presentation were significantly lower than ratings front the audiovisual presentation and ratings from the visual-only presentation were significantly higher than those from the audiovisual presentation. It follows that the success of voice training in male-to-female transsexuals is not solely dependent oil vocal characteristics and that speech pathologists should consider incorporating physical appearance as a treatment and outcome variable in the voice training of male-to-female transsexuals.
Keywords
voice, transsexuals, gender, physical appearance

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Chicago
Van Borsel, John, GRETA DE CUYPERE, and Hilde Van Den Berghe. 2001. “Physical Appearance and Voice in Male-to-female Transsexuals.” Journal of Voice 15 (4): 570–575.
APA
Van Borsel, J., DE CUYPERE, G., & Van Den Berghe, H. (2001). Physical appearance and voice in male-to-female transsexuals. JOURNAL OF VOICE, 15(4), 570–575.
Vancouver
1.
Van Borsel J, DE CUYPERE G, Van Den Berghe H. Physical appearance and voice in male-to-female transsexuals. JOURNAL OF VOICE. 2001;15(4):570–5.
MLA
Van Borsel, John, GRETA DE CUYPERE, and Hilde Van Den Berghe. “Physical Appearance and Voice in Male-to-female Transsexuals.” JOURNAL OF VOICE 15.4 (2001): 570–575. Print.
@article{142947,
  abstract     = {It has been suggested that sex judgments of male-to-female transsexuals based on the voice may be influenced by the physical appearance of the clients. To explore this hypothesis, a listener experiment was designed in which a panel of 22 laypersons and 22 students in speech-language pathology rated the {\textacutedbl}femaleness{\textacutedbl} of fourteen male-to-female transsexuals from video-recorded speech samples in three modes of presentation: auditory-only presentation, visual-only presentation, and audiovisual presentation. Results indicate that appearance and voice are indeed interacting factor,.,. Ratings from the auditory-only presentation were significantly lower than ratings front the audiovisual presentation and ratings from the visual-only presentation were significantly higher than those from the audiovisual presentation. It follows that the success of voice training in male-to-female transsexuals is not solely dependent oil vocal characteristics and that speech pathologists should consider incorporating physical appearance as a treatment and outcome variable in the voice training of male-to-female transsexuals.},
  author       = {Van Borsel, John and DE CUYPERE, GRETA and Van Den Berghe, Hilde},
  issn         = {0892-1997},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF VOICE},
  keyword      = {voice,transsexuals,gender,physical appearance},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {570--575},
  title        = {Physical appearance and voice in male-to-female transsexuals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0892-1997(01)00059-5},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2001},
}

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