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Constraints on high-energy neutrino emission from SN 2008D

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Abstract
SN 2008D, a core collapse supernova at a distance of 27 Mpc, was serendipitously discovered by the Swift satellite through an associated X-ray flash. Core collapse supernovae have been observed in association with long gamma-ray bursts and X-ray flashes and a physical connection is widely assumed. This connection could imply that some core collapse supernovae possess mildly relativistic jets in which high-energy neutrinos are produced through proton-proton collisions. The predicted neutrino spectra would be detectable by Cherenkov neutrino detectors like IceCube. A search for a neutrino signal in temporal and spatial correlation with the observed X-ray flash of SN 2008D was conducted using data taken in 2007-2008 with 22 strings of the IceCube detector. Events were selected based on a boosted decision tree classifier trained with simulated signal and experimental background data. The classifier was optimized to the position and a "soft jet" neutrino spectrum assumed for SN 2008D. Using three search windows placed around the X-ray peak, emission time scales from 100-10 000 s were probed. No events passing the cuts were observed in agreement with the signal expectation of 0.13 events. Upper limits on the muon neutrino flux from core collapse supernovae were derived for different emission time scales and the principal model parameters were constrained. While no meaningful limits can be given in the case of an isotropic neutrino emission, the parameter space for a jetted emission can be constrained. Future analyses with the full 86 string IceCube detector could detect up to similar to 100 events for a core-collapse supernova at 10 Mpc according to the soft jet model.
Keywords
MUON NEUTRINOS, SUPERNOVA, TRANSIENT 080109, ICECUBE DETECTOR, GAMMA-RAY BURST, TELESCOPE, MODEL, JET, supernovae: individual: SN 2008D, neutrinos, astroparticle physics

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Chicago
Abbasi, R, Yasser Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, et al. 2011. “Constraints on High-energy Neutrino Emission from SN 2008D.” Astronomy & Astrophysics 527.
APA
Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Abu-Zayyad, T., Adams, J., Aguilar, J., Ahlers, M., Andeen, K., et al. (2011). Constraints on high-energy neutrino emission from SN 2008D. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 527.
Vancouver
1.
Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Abu-Zayyad T, Adams J, Aguilar J, Ahlers M, et al. Constraints on high-energy neutrino emission from SN 2008D. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. 2011;527.
MLA
Abbasi, R, Yasser Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, et al. “Constraints on High-energy Neutrino Emission from SN 2008D.” ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 527 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{1315726,
  abstract     = {SN 2008D, a core collapse supernova at a distance of 27 Mpc, was serendipitously discovered by the Swift satellite through an associated X-ray flash. Core collapse supernovae have been observed in association with long gamma-ray bursts and X-ray flashes and a physical connection is widely assumed. This connection could imply that some core collapse supernovae possess mildly relativistic jets in which high-energy neutrinos are produced through proton-proton collisions. The predicted neutrino spectra would be detectable by Cherenkov neutrino detectors like IceCube. A search for a neutrino signal in temporal and spatial correlation with the observed X-ray flash of SN 2008D was conducted using data taken in 2007-2008 with 22 strings of the IceCube detector. Events were selected based on a boosted decision tree classifier trained with simulated signal and experimental background data. The classifier was optimized to the position and a {\textacutedbl}soft jet{\textacutedbl} neutrino spectrum assumed for SN 2008D. Using three search windows placed around the X-ray peak, emission time scales from 100-10 000 s were probed. No events passing the cuts were observed in agreement with the signal expectation of 0.13 events. Upper limits on the muon neutrino flux from core collapse supernovae were derived for different emission time scales and the principal model parameters were constrained. While no meaningful limits can be given in the case of an isotropic neutrino emission, the parameter space for a jetted emission can be constrained. Future analyses with the full 86 string IceCube detector could detect up to similar to 100 events for a core-collapse supernova at 10 Mpc according to the soft jet model.},
  articleno    = {A28},
  author       = {Abbasi, R and Abdou, Yasser and Abu-Zayyad, T and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Andeen, K and Auffenberg, J and Bai, X and Baker, M and Barwick, SW and Bay, R and Alba, JLB and Beattie, K and Beatty, JJ and Bechet, S and Becker, JK and Becker, KH and Benabderrahmane, ML and BenZvi, S and Berdermann, J and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bertrand, D and Besson, DZ and Bissok, M and Blaufuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Bohm, C and Bose, D and Boser, S and Botner, O and Braun, J and Buitink, S and Carson, Michael and Chirkin, D and Christy, B and Clem, J and Clevermann, F and Cohen, S and Colnard, C and Cowen, DF and D'Agostino, MV and Danninger, M and Davis, JC and De Clercq, C and Demirors, L and Depaepe, O and Descamps, Freija and Desiati, P and De Vries-Uiterweerd, Garmt and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dierckxsens, M and Dreyer, J and Dumm, JP and Duvoort, MR and Ehrlich, R and Eisch, J and Ellsworth, RW and Engdegard, O and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feusels, Tom and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Foerster, MM and Fox, BD and Franckowiak, A and Franke, R and Gaisser, TK and Gallagher, J and Geisler, M and Gerhardt, L and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Goodman, JA and Grant, D and Griesel, T and Gross, A and Grullon, S and Gurtner, M and Ha, C and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Han, K and Hanson, K and Helbing, K and Herquet, P and Hickford, S and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Hubert, D and Huelsnitz, W and Hulss, JP and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and Hussain, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobsen, J and Japaridze, GS and Johansson, H and Joseph, JM and Kampert, KH and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kelley, JL and Kemming, N and Kenny, P and Kiryluk, J and Kislat, F and Klein, SR and Kohne, JH and Kohnen, G and Kolanoski, H and Kopke, L and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Kowarik, T and Krasberg, M and Krings, T and Kroll, G and Kuehn, K and Kuwabara, T and Labare, M and Lafebre, S and Laihem, K and Landsman, H and Larson, MJ and Lauer, R and Lehmann, R and Lunemann, J and Madsen, J and Majumdar, P and Marotta, A and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and Matusik, M and Meagher, K and Merck, M and Meszaros, P and Meures, T and Middell, E and Milke, N and Miller, J and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Movit, SM and Nahnhauer, R and Nam, JW and Naumann, U and Niessen, P and Nygren, DR and Odrowski, S and Olivas, A and Olivo, M and O'Murchadha, A and Ono, M and Panknin, S and Paul, L and de los Heros, CP and Petrovic, J and Piegsa, A and Pieloth, D and Porrata, R and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Prikockis, M and Przybylski, GT and Rawlins, K and Redl, P and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Ribordy, M and Rizzo, A and Rodrigues, JP and Roth, P and Rothmaier, F and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Rutledge, D and Ruzybayev, B and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Sander, HG and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Schlenstedt, S and Schmidt, T and Schukraft, A and Schultes, A and Schulz, O and Schunck, M and Seckel, D and Semburg, B and Seo, SH and Sestayo, Y and Seunarine, S and Silvestri, A and Singh, K and Slipak, A and Spiczak, GM and Spiering, C and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stephens, G and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stoyanov, S and Strahler, EA and Straszheim, T and Sullivan, GW and Swillens, Q and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Tamburro, A and Tarasova, O and Tepe, A and Ter-Antonyan, S and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Toscano, S and Tosi, D and Turcan, D and van Eijndhoven, N and Vandenbroucke, J and Van Overloop, Arne and van Santen, J and Voge, M and Voigt, B and Walck, C and Waldenmaier, T and Wallraff, M and Walter, M and Weaver, C and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whitehorn, N and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Wikstrom, G and Williams, DR and Wischnewski, R and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Woschnagg, K and Xu, C and Xu, XW and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  journal      = {ASTRONOMY \& ASTROPHYSICS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {Constraints on high-energy neutrino emission from SN 2008D},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201015770},
  volume       = {527},
  year         = {2011},
}

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