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Situational judgment tests as a new tool for dental student selection

Tine Buyse (UGent) and Filip Lievens (UGent)
(2011) JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION. 75(6). p.743-749
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Organization
Abstract
Cognitive tests are used to select students into dental school, yet cognitive predictors explain only part of the variance in academic performance. Therefore, interviews and personality tests are often used to measure noncognitive (e.g., interpersonal) characteristics. Recently, situational judgment tests (SJTs) have drawn attention since there is evidence that SJTs can be valid predictors in medical admission contexts. This study examines the validity of an SJT measuring interpersonal skills for predicting academic performance of dental students. Incremental validity over cognitive tests is also examined. In this study, 796 dental students who passed the admission exam for medical and dental students in Flanders, Belgium, and enrolled in one of the two Flemish dental schools were evaluated. Grade point average (GPA) in the five years of dental studies served as the criterion. Corrected correlation between the cognitive tests of the admission exam and GPA equaled .38. Their validity dropped from .45 (year 1) to .18 (year 5). However, the validity of the SJT increased from .05 (year 1) to .20 (year 5). The SJT had incremental validity in year 5. Dental admissions committees that envision assessing a broad set of capabilities might consider using an SJT as a valuable supplement to cognitive tests. Future research needs to confirm these findings with job performance as another criterion.
Keywords
ACADEMIC-PERFORMANCE, RANGE RESTRICTION, ADMISSIONS, VALIDITY, METAANALYSIS, PREDICTORS, dental education, dental school admissions, noncognitive assessment, situational judgment test

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Buyse, Tine, and Filip Lievens. 2011. “Situational Judgment Tests as a New Tool for Dental Student Selection.” Journal of Dental Education 75 (6): 743–749.
APA
Buyse, Tine, & Lievens, F. (2011). Situational judgment tests as a new tool for dental student selection. JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, 75(6), 743–749.
Vancouver
1.
Buyse T, Lievens F. Situational judgment tests as a new tool for dental student selection. JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION. 2011;75(6):743–9.
MLA
Buyse, Tine, and Filip Lievens. “Situational Judgment Tests as a New Tool for Dental Student Selection.” JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION 75.6 (2011): 743–749. Print.
@article{1301649,
  abstract     = {Cognitive tests are used to select students into dental school, yet cognitive predictors explain only part of the variance in academic performance. Therefore, interviews and personality tests are often used to measure noncognitive (e.g., interpersonal) characteristics. Recently, situational judgment tests (SJTs) have drawn attention since there is evidence that SJTs can be valid predictors in medical admission contexts. This study examines the validity of an SJT measuring interpersonal skills for predicting academic performance of dental students. Incremental validity over cognitive tests is also examined. In this study, 796 dental students who passed the admission exam for medical and dental students in Flanders, Belgium, and enrolled in one of the two Flemish dental schools were evaluated. Grade point average (GPA) in the five years of dental studies served as the criterion. Corrected correlation between the cognitive tests of the admission exam and GPA equaled .38. Their validity dropped from .45 (year 1) to .18 (year 5). However, the validity of the SJT increased from .05 (year 1) to .20 (year 5). The SJT had incremental validity in year 5. Dental admissions committees that envision assessing a broad set of capabilities might consider using an SJT as a valuable supplement to cognitive tests. Future research needs to confirm these findings with job performance as another criterion.},
  author       = {Buyse, Tine and Lievens, Filip},
  issn         = {0022-0337},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION},
  keyword      = {ACADEMIC-PERFORMANCE,RANGE RESTRICTION,ADMISSIONS,VALIDITY,METAANALYSIS,PREDICTORS,dental education,dental school admissions,noncognitive assessment,situational judgment test},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {743--749},
  title        = {Situational judgment tests as a new tool for dental student selection},
  volume       = {75},
  year         = {2011},
}

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