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De rol van vocaalduur bij de categorisatie van onbeklemtoonde Nederlandse klinkers

Hanne Kloots, Jo Verhoeven, Evie Coussé UGent and Steven Gilils (2010) Voor Magda : artikelen voor Magda Devos bij haar afscheid van de Universiteit Gent. p.347-361
abstract
Listeners are able to classify sounds into discrete categories. Th is phenomenon is called categorical perception. A variable that substantially influences perception is the linguistic background of the listener. For example, listeners can have diffi culties recognizing sounds from a language they are not familiar with. However, a factor that has not been studied in detail, is the influence of the regional background of listeners with the same mother tongue on the perception of speech sounds. This article addresses this question. Phonological descriptions of vowel systems often distinguish between ‘tense’ and ‘ lax’ vowels. Both categories may differ in pitch, intensity, vowel quality and duration. This article focuses on the role of vowel duration in the categorisation of unstressed vowels. The study is based on a corpus of spontaneously spoken Standard Dutch, produced by 80 Flemish and 80 Dutch teachers of Dutch. In a previous study Kloots et al. (2006) found that Flemish listeners categorized unstressed /a/’s and /o/’s quite consistently as ‘ lax’, whereas Dutch listeners clearly differentiated between ‘tense’ and ‘ lax’ vowels. The present follow-up study shows that the ‘tense’-‘ lax’ distinction of the Dutch listeners goes hand in hand with a significant difference in vowel duration: ‘tense’ vowels have a longer duration than their ‘ lax’ counterparts. The mean duration of the vowels, categorized as ‘tense’ and ‘ lax’ by the Flemish listeners was not signifi cantly diff erent. These findings confirm our assumption that (only) for the Dutch listeners there is a real phoneme boundary between ‘tense’ and ‘ lax’ unstressed vowels.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
bookChapter
publication status
published
subject
book title
Voor Magda : artikelen voor Magda Devos bij haar afscheid van de Universiteit Gent
editor
Johan De Caluwe UGent and Jacques Van Keymeulen UGent
pages
347 - 361
publisher
Academia Press
place of publication
Gent
ISBN
9789038216577
language
Dutch
UGent publication?
yes
classification
B2
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
1269516
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1269516
date created
2011-06-21 09:09:45
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:37:44
@incollection{1269516,
  abstract     = {Listeners are able to classify sounds into discrete categories. Th is phenomenon is called categorical perception. A variable that substantially in\unmatched{fb02}uences perception is the linguistic background of the listener. For example, listeners can have di\unmatched{fb03}  culties recognizing sounds from a language they are not familiar with. However, a factor that has not been studied in detail, is the in\unmatched{fb02}uence of the regional background of listeners with the same mother tongue on the perception of speech sounds. This article addresses this question. Phonological descriptions of vowel systems often distinguish between {\textquoteleft}tense{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft} lax{\textquoteright} vowels. Both categories may di\unmatched{fb00}er in pitch, intensity, vowel quality and duration. This article focuses on the role of vowel duration in the categorisation of unstressed vowels. The study is based on a corpus of spontaneously spoken Standard Dutch, produced by 80 Flemish and 80 Dutch teachers of Dutch. In a previous study Kloots et al. (2006) found that Flemish listeners categorized unstressed /a/{\textquoteright}s and /o/{\textquoteright}s quite consistently as {\textquoteleft} lax{\textquoteright}, whereas Dutch listeners clearly differentiated between {\textquoteleft}tense{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft} lax{\textquoteright} vowels. The present follow-up study shows that the {\textquoteleft}tense{\textquoteright}-{\textquoteleft} lax{\textquoteright} distinction of the Dutch listeners goes hand in hand with a signi\unmatched{fb01}cant di\unmatched{fb00}erence in vowel duration: {\textquoteleft}tense{\textquoteright} vowels have a longer duration than their {\textquoteleft} lax{\textquoteright} counterparts. The mean duration of the vowels, categorized as {\textquoteleft}tense{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft} lax{\textquoteright} by the Flemish listeners was not signi\unmatched{fb01} cantly di\unmatched{fb00} erent. These \unmatched{fb01}ndings con\unmatched{fb01}rm our assumption that (only) for the Dutch listeners there is a real phoneme boundary between {\textquoteleft}tense{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft} lax{\textquoteright} unstressed vowels.},
  author       = {Kloots, Hanne and Verhoeven, Jo and Couss{\'e}, Evie and Gilils, Steven},
  booktitle    = {Voor Magda : artikelen voor Magda Devos bij haar afscheid van de Universiteit Gent},
  editor       = {De Caluwe, Johan and Van Keymeulen, Jacques},
  isbn         = {9789038216577},
  language     = {dut},
  pages        = {347--361},
  publisher    = {Academia Press},
  title        = {De rol van vocaalduur bij de categorisatie van onbeklemtoonde Nederlandse klinkers},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Kloots, Hanne, Jo Verhoeven, Evie Coussé, and Steven Gilils. 2010. “De Rol Van Vocaalduur Bij De Categorisatie Van Onbeklemtoonde Nederlandse Klinkers.” In Voor Magda : Artikelen Voor Magda Devos Bij Haar Afscheid Van De Universiteit Gent, ed. Johan De Caluwe and Jacques Van Keymeulen, 347–361. Gent: Academia Press.
APA
Kloots, H., Verhoeven, J., Coussé, E., & Gilils, S. (2010). De rol van vocaalduur bij de categorisatie van onbeklemtoonde Nederlandse klinkers. In Johan De Caluwe & J. Van Keymeulen (Eds.), Voor Magda : artikelen voor Magda Devos bij haar afscheid van de Universiteit Gent (pp. 347–361). Gent: Academia Press.
Vancouver
1.
Kloots H, Verhoeven J, Coussé E, Gilils S. De rol van vocaalduur bij de categorisatie van onbeklemtoonde Nederlandse klinkers. In: De Caluwe J, Van Keymeulen J, editors. Voor Magda : artikelen voor Magda Devos bij haar afscheid van de Universiteit Gent. Gent: Academia Press; 2010. p. 347–61.
MLA
Kloots, Hanne, Jo Verhoeven, Evie Coussé, et al. “De Rol Van Vocaalduur Bij De Categorisatie Van Onbeklemtoonde Nederlandse Klinkers.” Voor Magda : Artikelen Voor Magda Devos Bij Haar Afscheid Van De Universiteit Gent. Ed. Johan De Caluwe & Jacques Van Keymeulen. Gent: Academia Press, 2010. 347–361. Print.