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Prevalence and correlates of poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in Belgian truck drivers

Lutgart Braeckman UGent, Rini Verpraet UGent, Marleen Van Risseghem UGent, Dirk Pevernagie UGent and Dirk De Bacquer UGent (2011) CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL. 28(2). p.126-134
abstract
Sleepiness and sleep complaints are common among professional drivers. Sleepiness is a considerable problem not only because it affects the drivers' well-being, but also because of the consequences for performance and safety. Assessment of the (self-reported) prevalence and research into the risk factors are thus an important health issue and are also indispensable to prevent productivity loss and work-related accidents and injuries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe sleeping, driving, and health characteristics of Belgian truck drivers and to determine occupational and individual factors associated with poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness. Cross-sectional data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire that included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Berlin Questionnaire (BQ). The mean (SD) age of the 476 studied truck drivers was 42.7 (10.2) yrs and the mean (SD) body mass index was 27.3 (5.1) kg/m(2). Approximately 47% declared that they drove > 50 h/wk and found their work schedule unrealistic. The mean (SD) PSQI score was 4.45 (2.7); poor quality of sleep (PSQI > 5) was found in 27.2%. The mean (SD) ESS score was 6.79 (4.17); 18% had a score > 10. The BQ indicated that 21.5% had a higher risk on obstructive sleep apnea. In multiple logistic regression analysis, low educational level (odds ratio [OR] 1.86), current smoking (OR 1.75), unrealistic work schedule (OR 1.75), and risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OR 2.97) were found to be independent correlates of daytime sleepiness. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with poor self-perceived health (OR 1.95), unrealistic work schedule (OR 2.85), low job satisfaction (OR 1.91), and less driving experience (OR 1.73). These results show that poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were prevalent in Belgian truck drivers. Taking into account that several significant correlates with respect to these sleep problems were identified both at the individual and the occupational level, comprehensive countermeasures to improve working conditions and organization are needed, as well as health promotion interventions, to ensure the safety and well-being of truck drivers. (Author correspondence: lutgart.braeckman@ugent.be).
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
WORKERS, TRANSPORT, APNEA, RISK, LIFE-STYLE, TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, BERLIN QUESTIONNAIRE, WORKING-CONDITIONS, HABITS, STRESS
journal title
CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL
Chronobiol. Int.
volume
28
issue
2
pages
126 - 134
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000286901900005
JCR category
PHYSIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
4.028 (2011)
JCR rank
11/78 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0742-0528
DOI
10.3109/07420528.2010.540363
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1264941
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1264941
date created
2011-06-15 15:25:59
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:46:33
@article{1264941,
  abstract     = {Sleepiness and sleep complaints are common among professional drivers. Sleepiness is a considerable problem not only because it affects the drivers' well-being, but also because of the consequences for performance and safety. Assessment of the (self-reported) prevalence and research into the risk factors are thus an important health issue and are also indispensable to prevent productivity loss and work-related accidents and injuries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe sleeping, driving, and health characteristics of Belgian truck drivers and to determine occupational and individual factors associated with poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness. Cross-sectional data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire that included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Berlin Questionnaire (BQ). The mean (SD) age of the 476 studied truck drivers was 42.7 (10.2) yrs and the mean (SD) body mass index was 27.3 (5.1) kg/m(2). Approximately 47\% declared that they drove {\textrangle} 50 h/wk and found their work schedule unrealistic. The mean (SD) PSQI score was 4.45 (2.7); poor quality of sleep (PSQI {\textrangle} 5) was found in 27.2\%. The mean (SD) ESS score was 6.79 (4.17); 18\% had a score {\textrangle} 10. The BQ indicated that 21.5\% had a higher risk on obstructive sleep apnea. In multiple logistic regression analysis, low educational level (odds ratio [OR] 1.86), current smoking (OR 1.75), unrealistic work schedule (OR 1.75), and risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OR 2.97) were found to be independent correlates of daytime sleepiness. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with poor self-perceived health (OR 1.95), unrealistic work schedule (OR 2.85), low job satisfaction (OR 1.91), and less driving experience (OR 1.73). These results show that poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were prevalent in Belgian truck drivers. Taking into account that several significant correlates with respect to these sleep problems were identified both at the individual and the occupational level, comprehensive countermeasures to improve working conditions and organization are needed, as well as health promotion interventions, to ensure the safety and well-being of truck drivers. (Author correspondence: lutgart.braeckman@ugent.be).},
  author       = {Braeckman, Lutgart and Verpraet, Rini and Van Risseghem, Marleen and Pevernagie, Dirk and De Bacquer, Dirk},
  issn         = {0742-0528},
  journal      = {CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL},
  keyword      = {WORKERS,TRANSPORT,APNEA,RISK,LIFE-STYLE,TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS,BERLIN QUESTIONNAIRE,WORKING-CONDITIONS,HABITS,STRESS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {126--134},
  title        = {Prevalence and correlates of poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in Belgian truck drivers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2010.540363},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Braeckman, Lutgart, Rini Verpraet, Marleen Van Risseghem, Dirk Pevernagie, and Dirk De Bacquer. 2011. “Prevalence and Correlates of Poor Sleep Quality and Daytime Sleepiness in Belgian Truck Drivers.” Chronobiology International 28 (2): 126–134.
APA
Braeckman, Lutgart, Verpraet, R., Van Risseghem, M., Pevernagie, D., & De Bacquer, D. (2011). Prevalence and correlates of poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in Belgian truck drivers. CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, 28(2), 126–134.
Vancouver
1.
Braeckman L, Verpraet R, Van Risseghem M, Pevernagie D, De Bacquer D. Prevalence and correlates of poor sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in Belgian truck drivers. CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL. 2011;28(2):126–34.
MLA
Braeckman, Lutgart, Rini Verpraet, Marleen Van Risseghem, et al. “Prevalence and Correlates of Poor Sleep Quality and Daytime Sleepiness in Belgian Truck Drivers.” CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL 28.2 (2011): 126–134. Print.