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Macro-environmental factors associated with leisure-time physical activity: a cross-national analysis of EU countries

Charlotte Van Tuyckom UGent (2011) SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 39(4). p.419-436
abstract
Background: Although there is a growing agreement among researchers that the modern environment contributes to the current trend of decreasing leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), there are very few studies addressing environmental and policy correlates of LTPA within a cross-national European context. This study describes LTPA patterns across the European Union and identifies some macro-environmental factors associated with LTPA rates at a national level. Methods: Data on LTPA and indicators of the economic, physical, and policy environment were assembled from international databases for the 27 European member states. To examine the association of each of the independent macro-environmental variables and LTPA as a continuous dependent variable, bivariate linear regression models were employed. Separate analyses were done for the overall, male, and female groups. Results: With respect to LTPA, striking differences between European member states and genders were found, with higher rates in Western and Northern European countries, and among males. Statistical significant associations were observed between overall LTPA and variables from the economic (GDP, real GDP, and public expenditures on health), food (available fat, available fruit, and vegetables), urbanisation (urban population, total and new passenger cars), and policy (all governance indicators) domains. Associations for male and female LTPA were similar, except that for males available fruit and vegetables, and for females available fat and urban population were not significant. Conclusions: This exploratory study seeks to plead for the need for cross-nationally comparable LTPA data and more sophisticated research in order to understand the role of macro-economic environments, with a special focus on policy-related variables and gender-specific differences.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
PERCEIVED ENVIRONMENT, PUBLIC-HEALTH, ADULTS PARTICIPATION, EUROPEAN-UNION, POLICY, STRATIFICATION, INFRASTRUCTURE, INEQUALITIES, ATTRIBUTES, RECREATION, Cross-national comparison, European Union, leisure-time physical activity, macro-environment, policy
journal title
SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Scand. J. Public Health
volume
39
issue
4
pages
419 - 436
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000290757500010
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
1.388 (2011)
JCR rank
57/131 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
1403-4948
DOI
10.1177/1403494810396553
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1262252
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1262252
date created
2011-06-14 15:55:56
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:37:19
@article{1262252,
  abstract     = {Background: Although there is a growing agreement among researchers that the modern environment contributes to the current trend of decreasing leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), there are very few studies addressing environmental and policy correlates of LTPA within a cross-national European context. This study describes LTPA patterns across the European Union and identifies some macro-environmental factors associated with LTPA rates at a national level. Methods: Data on LTPA and indicators of the economic, physical, and policy environment were assembled from international databases for the 27 European member states. To examine the association of each of the independent macro-environmental variables and LTPA as a continuous dependent variable, bivariate linear regression models were employed. Separate analyses were done for the overall, male, and female groups. Results: With respect to LTPA, striking differences between European member states and genders were found, with higher rates in Western and Northern European countries, and among males. Statistical significant associations were observed between overall LTPA and variables from the economic (GDP, real GDP, and public expenditures on health), food (available fat, available fruit, and vegetables), urbanisation (urban population, total and new passenger cars), and policy (all governance indicators) domains. Associations for male and female LTPA were similar, except that for males available fruit and vegetables, and for females available fat and urban population were not significant. Conclusions: This exploratory study seeks to plead for the need for cross-nationally comparable LTPA data and more sophisticated research in order to understand the role of macro-economic environments, with a special focus on policy-related variables and gender-specific differences.},
  author       = {Van Tuyckom, Charlotte},
  issn         = {1403-4948},
  journal      = {SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {PERCEIVED ENVIRONMENT,PUBLIC-HEALTH,ADULTS PARTICIPATION,EUROPEAN-UNION,POLICY,STRATIFICATION,INFRASTRUCTURE,INEQUALITIES,ATTRIBUTES,RECREATION,Cross-national comparison,European Union,leisure-time physical activity,macro-environment,policy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {419--436},
  title        = {Macro-environmental factors associated with leisure-time physical activity: a cross-national analysis of EU countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494810396553},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Van Tuyckom, Charlotte. 2011. “Macro-environmental Factors Associated with Leisure-time Physical Activity: a Cross-national Analysis of EU Countries.” Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 39 (4): 419–436.
APA
Van Tuyckom, C. (2011). Macro-environmental factors associated with leisure-time physical activity: a cross-national analysis of EU countries. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 39(4), 419–436.
Vancouver
1.
Van Tuyckom C. Macro-environmental factors associated with leisure-time physical activity: a cross-national analysis of EU countries. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2011;39(4):419–36.
MLA
Van Tuyckom, Charlotte. “Macro-environmental Factors Associated with Leisure-time Physical Activity: a Cross-national Analysis of EU Countries.” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 39.4 (2011): 419–436. Print.