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Application of a mechanistic UV/hydrogen peroxide model at full-scale : sensitivity analysis, calibration and performance evaluation

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Abstract
Numerous mechanistic models describing the UV/H2O2 process have been proposed in literature. In this study, one of them was used to predict the behavior of a full-scale reactor. The model was calibrated and validated with non-synthetic influent using different operational conditions. A local sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine the most important operational and chemical model parameters. Based on the latter, the incident UV irradiation intensity and two kinetic rate constants were selected for mathematical estimation. Hydrogen peroxide concentration, the decadic absorption coefficient at 310 nm (UVA310, as a surrogate for natural organic matter) and pH could be satisfactorily predicted during model validation using an independent data set. It was demonstrated that quick real-time calibration is an option at less controllable full-scale conditions. Parameters that determine the initiation step, i.e. photolysis of hydrogen peroxide, have a large impact on most of the variables. Some reaction rate constants were also of importance, but nine kinetic constants did show absolutely no influence to one of the variables. Parameters related to UV shielding by NOM were of main importance. Hydrogen peroxide concentration was classified as a non-sensitive variable, in contrast to the concentration of a micro pollutant which showed to be very to extremely influential to many of the parameters. UV absorption as a NOM surrogate is a promising variable to be included in future models. Model extension by splitting up the UVA310 into a soluble and a particulate fraction seemed to be a good approach to model AOP treatment of real (waste)waters containing both dissolved and particulate (suspended) material.
Keywords
NOM, advanced oxidation processes, sensitivity analysis, UV absorption, UV/H2O2, model calibration

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Chicago
Audenaert, Wim, Yoshi Vermeersch, Stijn Van Hulle, Pascal Dejans, Ann Dumoulin, and Ingmar Nopens. 2011. “Application of a Mechanistic UV/hydrogen Peroxide Model at Full-scale : Sensitivity Analysis, Calibration and Performance Evaluation.” In Water and Wastewater Technologies, 8th IWA Leading Edge Conference, Proceedings. International Water Association (IWA).
APA
Audenaert, W., Vermeersch, Y., Van Hulle, S., Dejans, P., Dumoulin, A., & Nopens, I. (2011). Application of a mechanistic UV/hydrogen peroxide model at full-scale : sensitivity analysis, calibration and performance evaluation. Water and Wastewater Technologies, 8th IWA Leading edge conference, Proceedings. Presented at the 8th IWA Leading edge conference on Water and Wastewater Technologies, International Water Association (IWA).
Vancouver
1.
Audenaert W, Vermeersch Y, Van Hulle S, Dejans P, Dumoulin A, Nopens I. Application of a mechanistic UV/hydrogen peroxide model at full-scale : sensitivity analysis, calibration and performance evaluation. Water and Wastewater Technologies, 8th IWA Leading edge conference, Proceedings. International Water Association (IWA); 2011.
MLA
Audenaert, Wim, Yoshi Vermeersch, Stijn Van Hulle, et al. “Application of a Mechanistic UV/hydrogen Peroxide Model at Full-scale : Sensitivity Analysis, Calibration and Performance Evaluation.” Water and Wastewater Technologies, 8th IWA Leading Edge Conference, Proceedings. International Water Association (IWA), 2011. Print.
@inproceedings{1260462,
  abstract     = {Numerous mechanistic models describing the UV/H2O2 process have been proposed in literature. In this study, one of them was used to predict the behavior of a full-scale reactor. The model was calibrated and validated with non-synthetic influent using different operational conditions. A local sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine the most important operational and chemical model parameters. Based on the latter, the incident UV irradiation intensity and two kinetic rate constants were selected for mathematical estimation. Hydrogen peroxide concentration, the decadic absorption coefficient at 310 nm (UVA310, as a surrogate for natural organic matter) and pH could be satisfactorily predicted during model validation using an independent data set. It was demonstrated that quick real-time calibration is an option at less controllable full-scale conditions. Parameters that determine the initiation step, i.e. photolysis of hydrogen peroxide, have a large impact on most of the variables. Some reaction rate constants were also of importance, but nine kinetic constants did show absolutely no influence to one of the variables. Parameters related to UV shielding by NOM were of main importance. Hydrogen peroxide concentration was classified as a non-sensitive variable, in contrast to the concentration of a micro pollutant which showed to be very to extremely influential to many of the parameters. UV absorption as a NOM surrogate is a promising variable to be included in future models. Model extension by splitting up the UVA310 into a soluble and a particulate fraction seemed to be a good approach to model AOP treatment of real (waste)waters containing both dissolved and particulate (suspended) material.},
  author       = {Audenaert, Wim and Vermeersch, Yoshi and Van Hulle, Stijn and Dejans, Pascal and Dumoulin, Ann and Nopens, Ingmar},
  booktitle    = {Water and Wastewater Technologies, 8th IWA Leading edge conference, Proceedings},
  keyword      = {NOM,advanced oxidation processes,sensitivity analysis,UV absorption,UV/H2O2,model calibration},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
  pages        = {19},
  publisher    = {International Water Association (IWA)},
  title        = {Application of a mechanistic UV/hydrogen peroxide model at full-scale : sensitivity analysis, calibration and performance evaluation},
  year         = {2011},
}