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Relationship between self-reported dietary intake and physical activity levels among adolescents: the HELENA study

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Abstract
Background: Evidence suggests possible synergetic effects of multiple lifestyle behaviors on health risks like obesity and other health outcomes. Therefore it is important to investigate associations between dietary and physical activity behavior, the two most important lifestyle behaviors influencing our energy balance and body composition. The objective of the present study is to describe the relationship between energy, nutrient and food intake and the physical activity level among a large group of European adolescents. Methods: The study comprised a total of 2176 adolescents (46.2% male) from ten European cities participating in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. Dietary intake and physical activity were assessed using validated 24-h dietary recalls and self-reported questionnaires respectively. Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to compare the energy and nutrient intake and the food consumption between groups of adolescents with different physical activity levels (1(st) to 3(rd) tertile). Results: In both sexes no differences were found in energy intake between the levels of physical activity. The most active males showed a higher intake of polysaccharides, protein, water and vitamin C and a lower intake of saccharides compared to less active males. Females with the highest physical activity level consumed more polysaccharides compared to their least active peers. Male and female adolescents with the highest physical activity levels, consumed more fruit and milk products and less cheese compared to the least active adolescents. The most active males showed higher intakes of vegetables and meat, fish, eggs, meat substitutes and vegetarian products compared to the least active ones. The least active males reported the highest consumption of grain products and potatoes. Within the female group, significantly lower intakes of bread and cereal products and spreads were found for those reporting to spend most time in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The consumption of foods from the remaining food groups, did not differ between the physical activity levels in both sexes. Conclusion: It can be concluded that dietary habits diverge between adolescents with different self-reported physical activity levels. For some food groups a difference in intake could be found, which were reflected in differences in some nutrient intakes. It can also be concluded that physically active adolescents are not always inclined to eat healthier diets than their less active peers.
Keywords
CHILDREN, BEHAVIORS, EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS, ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE, FOOD-HABITS, HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE, BODY-MASS INDEX, OVERWEIGHT, CHILDHOOD, ADULTHOOD

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MLA
Ottevaere, Charlene et al. “Relationship Between Self-reported Dietary Intake and Physical Activity Levels Among Adolescents: The HELENA Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 8 (2011): n. pag. Print.
APA
Ottevaere, C., Huybrechts, I., Beghin, L., Cuenca-Garcia, M., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Gottrand, F., Hagstromer, M., et al. (2011). Relationship between self-reported dietary intake and physical activity levels among adolescents: the HELENA study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 8.
Chicago author-date
Ottevaere, Charlene, Inge Huybrechts, Laurent Beghin, Magdalena Cuenca-Garcia, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Frederic Gottrand, Maria Hagstromer, et al. 2011. “Relationship Between Self-reported Dietary Intake and Physical Activity Levels Among Adolescents: The HELENA Study.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 8.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ottevaere, Charlene, Inge Huybrechts, Laurent Beghin, Magdalena Cuenca-Garcia, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Frederic Gottrand, Maria Hagstromer, Anthony Kafatos, Cinzia Le Donne, Lius A Moreno, Michael Sjostrom, Kurt Widhalm, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2011. “Relationship Between Self-reported Dietary Intake and Physical Activity Levels Among Adolescents: The HELENA Study.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 8.
Vancouver
1.
Ottevaere C, Huybrechts I, Beghin L, Cuenca-Garcia M, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Gottrand F, et al. Relationship between self-reported dietary intake and physical activity levels among adolescents: the HELENA study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. 2011;8.
IEEE
[1]
C. Ottevaere et al., “Relationship between self-reported dietary intake and physical activity levels among adolescents: the HELENA study,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, vol. 8, 2011.
@article{1260016,
  abstract     = {Background: Evidence suggests possible synergetic effects of multiple lifestyle behaviors on health risks like obesity and other health outcomes. Therefore it is important to investigate associations between dietary and physical activity behavior, the two most important lifestyle behaviors influencing our energy balance and body composition. The objective of the present study is to describe the relationship between energy, nutrient and food intake and the physical activity level among a large group of European adolescents. Methods: The study comprised a total of 2176 adolescents (46.2% male) from ten European cities participating in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. Dietary intake and physical activity were assessed using validated 24-h dietary recalls and self-reported questionnaires respectively. Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to compare the energy and nutrient intake and the food consumption between groups of adolescents with different physical activity levels (1(st) to 3(rd) tertile). Results: In both sexes no differences were found in energy intake between the levels of physical activity. The most active males showed a higher intake of polysaccharides, protein, water and vitamin C and a lower intake of saccharides compared to less active males. Females with the highest physical activity level consumed more polysaccharides compared to their least active peers. Male and female adolescents with the highest physical activity levels, consumed more fruit and milk products and less cheese compared to the least active adolescents. The most active males showed higher intakes of vegetables and meat, fish, eggs, meat substitutes and vegetarian products compared to the least active ones. The least active males reported the highest consumption of grain products and potatoes. Within the female group, significantly lower intakes of bread and cereal products and spreads were found for those reporting to spend most time in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The consumption of foods from the remaining food groups, did not differ between the physical activity levels in both sexes. Conclusion: It can be concluded that dietary habits diverge between adolescents with different self-reported physical activity levels. For some food groups a difference in intake could be found, which were reflected in differences in some nutrient intakes. It can also be concluded that physically active adolescents are not always inclined to eat healthier diets than their less active peers.},
  articleno    = {8},
  author       = {Ottevaere, Charlene and Huybrechts, Inge and Beghin, Laurent and Cuenca-Garcia, Magdalena and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Gottrand, Frederic and Hagstromer, Maria and Kafatos, Anthony and Le Donne, Cinzia and Moreno, Lius A and Sjostrom, Michael and Widhalm, Kurt and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {1479-5868},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY},
  keywords     = {CHILDREN,BEHAVIORS,EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS,ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE,FOOD-HABITS,HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE,BODY-MASS INDEX,OVERWEIGHT,CHILDHOOD,ADULTHOOD},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {Relationship between self-reported dietary intake and physical activity levels among adolescents: the HELENA study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-8},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2011},
}

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