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Economic hardship and depression across the life course: the impact of welfare state regimes

Katia Levecque (UGent) , Ronan Van Rossem (UGent) , Katrien De Boyser (UGent) , Sarah Van de Velde (UGent) and Piet Bracke (UGent)
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Abstract
Previous research in the United States suggests that depression related to economic hardship decreases with age. We test whether this pattern can be generalized to other developed nations. Based on data from 23 countries in the European Social Survey (2006-2007), multilevel analyses show that the moderating role of age depends on the socio-political context. While the hardship-depression link is not significantly different across the life course in Nordic and Bismarckian regimes, the hardship-depression link increases with age in Southern and Eastern European countries and decreases with age in strength in Anglo-Saxon welfare states. Our findings suggest that welfare state regimes play a significant role in attenuating, boosting, or even reversing the health effects of social experiences such as economic hardship on aging. Health knowledge gained through research that ignores the socio-political context may be limited in terms of generalization.
Keywords
aging, depression, POVERTY, POLITICAL CONTEXT, EDUCATIONAL-LEVEL, MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, OLD-AGE, MENTAL-HEALTH, HEALTH INEQUALITIES, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, 23 EUROPEAN COUNTRIES, economic hardship, Europe, welfare state regimes

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Chicago
Levecque, Katia, Ronan Van Rossem, Katrien De Boyser, Sarah Van de Velde, and Piet Bracke. 2011. “Economic Hardship and Depression Across the Life Course: The Impact of Welfare State Regimes.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 52 (2): 262–276.
APA
Levecque, K., Van Rossem, R., De Boyser, K., Van de Velde, S., & Bracke, P. (2011). Economic hardship and depression across the life course: the impact of welfare state regimes. JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR, 52(2), 262–276.
Vancouver
1.
Levecque K, Van Rossem R, De Boyser K, Van de Velde S, Bracke P. Economic hardship and depression across the life course: the impact of welfare state regimes. JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR. 2011;52(2):262–76.
MLA
Levecque, Katia, Ronan Van Rossem, Katrien De Boyser, et al. “Economic Hardship and Depression Across the Life Course: The Impact of Welfare State Regimes.” JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR 52.2 (2011): 262–276. Print.
@article{1258270,
  abstract     = {Previous research in the United States suggests that depression related to economic hardship decreases with age. We test whether this pattern can be generalized to other developed nations. Based on data from 23 countries in the European Social Survey (2006-2007), multilevel analyses show that the moderating role of age depends on the socio-political context. While the hardship-depression link is not significantly different across the life course in Nordic and Bismarckian regimes, the hardship-depression link increases with age in Southern and Eastern European countries and decreases with age in strength in Anglo-Saxon welfare states. Our findings suggest that welfare state regimes play a significant role in attenuating, boosting, or even reversing the health effects of social experiences such as economic hardship on aging. Health knowledge gained through research that ignores the socio-political context may be limited in terms of generalization.},
  author       = {Levecque, Katia and Van Rossem, Ronan and De Boyser, Katrien and Van de Velde, Sarah and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {0022-1465},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR},
  keywords     = {aging,depression,POVERTY,POLITICAL CONTEXT,EDUCATIONAL-LEVEL,MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS,PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS,OLD-AGE,MENTAL-HEALTH,HEALTH INEQUALITIES,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,23 EUROPEAN COUNTRIES,economic hardship,Europe,welfare state regimes},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {262--276},
  title        = {Economic hardship and depression across the life course: the impact of welfare state regimes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022146510394861},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2011},
}

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