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Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of the threatened multipurpose scrambling shrub (Caesalpinia bonduc L.) in Benin

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Abstract
African communities traditionally use medicinal plants for their primary healthcare. To ensure the sustainable use of these species one of the crucial issues is to document African communities’ indigenous medicinal knowledge. To achieve this goal, the present study evaluated the use frequency and the knowledge of local Beninese communities on the endangered scrambling shrub (Caesalpinia bonduc). Results revealed that local populations use 20 properties from the leaves, roots and seeds of the species to fight against childbirth, to treat burns and for cultural practices like games, weddings and the Fâ ritual. The global credibility level of these properties equalled to 75%, indicating that C. bonduc is perceived as very important for local populations. Roots are more intensively used than leaves and seed respectively. The study clearly showed ethnic and age differences in use value and patterns of the species. For example, Kotafon ethnic group had a fair knowledge on the species while Fon and Bariba ethnic groups hold the lowest number of users.
Keywords
endangered species, Medicinal plant, endogenous knowledge, Benin, use frequency, Caesalpinia bonduc, MEDICINAL-PLANTS, SUSTAINABLE USE, CONSERVATION, KNOWLEDGE, PRODUCTS

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Chicago
Assogbadjo, Achille Ephrem, Romain Glèlè-Kakaï, François Houtoutou Adjallala, Akomian Fortuné Azihou, Gbèlidji Fifanou Vodouhê, Tina Kyndt, and Jean Thimothée Claude Codjia. 2011. “Ethnic Differences in Use Value and Use Patterns of the Threatened Multipurpose Scrambling Shrub (Caesalpinia Bonduc L.) in Benin.” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5 (9): 1549–1557.
APA
Assogbadjo, Achille Ephrem, Glèlè-Kakaï, R., Adjallala, F. H., Azihou, A. F., Vodouhê, G. F., Kyndt, T., & Codjia, J. T. C. (2011). Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of the threatened multipurpose scrambling shrub (Caesalpinia bonduc L.) in Benin. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH, 5(9), 1549–1557.
Vancouver
1.
Assogbadjo AE, Glèlè-Kakaï R, Adjallala FH, Azihou AF, Vodouhê GF, Kyndt T, et al. Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of the threatened multipurpose scrambling shrub (Caesalpinia bonduc L.) in Benin. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH. 2011;5(9):1549–57.
MLA
Assogbadjo, Achille Ephrem, Romain Glèlè-Kakaï, François Houtoutou Adjallala, et al. “Ethnic Differences in Use Value and Use Patterns of the Threatened Multipurpose Scrambling Shrub (Caesalpinia Bonduc L.) in Benin.” JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH 5.9 (2011): 1549–1557. Print.
@article{1256575,
  abstract     = {African communities traditionally use medicinal plants for their primary healthcare. To ensure the sustainable use of these species one of the crucial issues is to document African communities{\textquoteright} indigenous medicinal knowledge. To achieve this goal, the present study evaluated the use frequency and the knowledge of local Beninese communities on the endangered scrambling shrub (Caesalpinia bonduc). Results revealed that local populations use 20 properties from the leaves, roots and seeds of the species to fight against childbirth, to treat burns and for cultural practices like games, weddings and the F{\^a} ritual. The global credibility level of these properties equalled to 75\%, indicating that C. bonduc is perceived as very important for local populations. Roots are more intensively used than leaves and seed respectively. The study clearly showed ethnic and age differences in use value and patterns of the species. For example, Kotafon ethnic group had a fair knowledge on the species while Fon and Bariba ethnic groups hold the lowest number of users.},
  author       = {Assogbadjo, Achille Ephrem and Gl{\`e}l{\`e}-Kaka{\"i}, Romain and Adjallala, Fran\c{c}ois Houtoutou and Azihou, Akomian Fortun{\'e}  and Vodouh{\^e}, Gb{\`e}lidji Fifanou and Kyndt, Tina and Codjia, Jean Thimoth{\'e}e Claude},
  issn         = {1996-0875},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {endangered species,Medicinal plant,endogenous knowledge,Benin,use frequency,Caesalpinia bonduc,MEDICINAL-PLANTS,SUSTAINABLE USE,CONSERVATION,KNOWLEDGE,PRODUCTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1549--1557},
  title        = {Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of the threatened multipurpose scrambling shrub (Caesalpinia bonduc L.) in Benin},
  url          = {http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/abstracts/abstracts/abstracts2011/4May/Assogbadjo\%20et\%20al.htm},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2011},
}

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