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The effect of using assessment instruments on substance-abuse outpatients' adherence to treatment: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial

Veerle Raes UGent, Cor AJ De Jong, Dirk De Bacquer UGent, Eric Broekaert UGent and Jan De Maeseneer UGent (2011) BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH. 11.
abstract
Background: Drop-out is an important problem in the treatment of substance use disorder. The focus of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of within treatment assessment with feedback directly to patients with multiple substance use disorder on outpatient individual treatment adherence. Feedback consisted of personal resources’ and readiness to change status and progress that facilitate or hinder change, thereby using graphical representation. Methods: Informed consent was obtained from both the control and experimental groups to be involved in research and follow-up. Following Zelen’s single consent design, baseline participants (n=280) were randomised (sample-size-estimation:80%power,p=.05,2-sided) and treatment consent was obtained from those allocated to the experiment (n=142). In both groups, equal numbers of patients did not attend sessions after allocation. So, 227 persons were analyzed according to intention-to-treat analysis (ITT:experiment n=116;control n=111). Excluding refusals 211 participants remained for per-protocol analysis (PP:experiment n=100;control n=111). The study was conducted in five outpatient treatment-centres of a large network (De Sleutel) in Belgium. Participants were people with multiple substance use disorder –abuse and dependence- who had asked for treatment and who had been advised to start individual treatment after a standardised admission assessment with the European Addiction Severity Index. The experimental condition consisted of informing the patient about the intervention and of subsequent assessments plus feedback following a protocol within the first seven sessions. Assessments were made with the Readiness to Change Questionnaire and the Personal Resources Diagnostic System. The control group received the usual treatment without within treatment assessment with feedback. The most important outcome measure in this analysis of the study was the level of adherence to treatment at and beyond eight sessions. Results: Individual treatment that included assessment with feedback increased adherence to treatment at and beyond eight sessions (RR=1.6,95%CI:1.2-2.2). Benefit was also found at and beyond twelve sessions, which was the number of sessions required to complete 90% of the assessments with feedback in practice (RR=1.6,95%CI:1.2-2.5). Conclusions: Assessment with feedback in routine practice improved adherence to treatment. More research is needed to evaluate progress in social functioning and motivation to change in outpatient treatment of substance use disorder, thereby using objective measures.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
VALIDITY, CARE, RETENTION, MENTAL-HEALTH, ROUTINE PRACTICE, CHANGE QUESTIONNAIRE, THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITIES, ADDICTIONS TREATMENT RESEARCH, CLINICAL-TRIALS, PSYCHOTHERAPY
journal title
BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
BMC Health Serv. Res.
volume
11
article_number
123
pages
9 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000292253100001
JCR category
HEALTH CARE SCIENCES & SERVICES
JCR impact factor
1.66 (2011)
JCR rank
37/75 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
1472-6963
DOI
10.1186/1472-6963-11-123
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
1253679
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1253679
date created
2011-06-06 15:05:05
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:36:46
@article{1253679,
  abstract     = {Background: Drop-out is an important problem in the treatment of substance use disorder. The focus of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of within treatment assessment with feedback directly to patients with multiple substance use disorder on outpatient individual treatment adherence. Feedback consisted of personal resources{\textquoteright} and readiness to change status and progress that facilitate or hinder change, thereby using graphical representation. Methods: Informed consent was obtained from both the control and experimental groups to be involved in research and follow-up. Following Zelen{\textquoteright}s single consent design, baseline participants (n=280) were randomised (sample-size-estimation:80\%power,p=.05,2-sided) and treatment consent was obtained from those allocated to the experiment (n=142). In both groups, equal numbers of patients did not attend sessions after allocation. So, 227 persons were analyzed according to intention-to-treat analysis (ITT:experiment n=116;control n=111). Excluding refusals 211 participants remained for per-protocol analysis (PP:experiment n=100;control n=111). The study was conducted in five outpatient treatment-centres of a large network (De Sleutel) in Belgium. Participants were people with multiple substance use disorder --abuse and dependence- who had asked for treatment and who had been advised to start individual treatment after a standardised admission assessment with the European Addiction Severity Index. The experimental condition consisted of informing the patient about the intervention and of subsequent assessments plus feedback following a protocol within the first seven sessions. Assessments were made with the Readiness to Change Questionnaire and the Personal Resources Diagnostic System. The control group received the usual treatment without within treatment assessment with feedback. The most important outcome measure in this analysis of the study was the level of adherence to treatment at and beyond eight sessions. Results: Individual treatment that included assessment with feedback increased adherence to treatment at and beyond eight sessions (RR=1.6,95\%CI:1.2-2.2). Benefit was also found at and beyond twelve sessions, which was the number of sessions required to complete 90\% of the assessments with feedback in practice (RR=1.6,95\%CI:1.2-2.5). Conclusions: Assessment with feedback in routine practice improved adherence to treatment. More research is needed to evaluate progress in social functioning and motivation to change in outpatient treatment of substance use disorder, thereby using objective measures.},
  articleno    = {123},
  author       = {Raes, Veerle and De Jong, Cor AJ and De Bacquer, Dirk and Broekaert, Eric and De Maeseneer, Jan},
  issn         = {1472-6963},
  journal      = {BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {VALIDITY,CARE,RETENTION,MENTAL-HEALTH,ROUTINE PRACTICE,CHANGE QUESTIONNAIRE,THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITIES,ADDICTIONS TREATMENT RESEARCH,CLINICAL-TRIALS,PSYCHOTHERAPY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {The effect of using assessment instruments on substance-abuse outpatients' adherence to treatment: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-11-123},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Raes, Veerle, Cor AJ De Jong, Dirk De Bacquer, Eric Broekaert, and Jan De Maeseneer. 2011. “The Effect of Using Assessment Instruments on Substance-abuse Outpatients’ Adherence to Treatment: a Multi-centre Randomised Controlled Trial.” Bmc Health Services Research 11.
APA
Raes, V., De Jong, C. A., De Bacquer, D., Broekaert, E., & De Maeseneer, J. (2011). The effect of using assessment instruments on substance-abuse outpatients’ adherence to treatment: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial. BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 11.
Vancouver
1.
Raes V, De Jong CA, De Bacquer D, Broekaert E, De Maeseneer J. The effect of using assessment instruments on substance-abuse outpatients’ adherence to treatment: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial. BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH. 2011;11.
MLA
Raes, Veerle, Cor AJ De Jong, Dirk De Bacquer, et al. “The Effect of Using Assessment Instruments on Substance-abuse Outpatients’ Adherence to Treatment: a Multi-centre Randomised Controlled Trial.” BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH 11 (2011): n. pag. Print.