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Spontaneous and intentional trait inferences recruit a common mentalizing network to a different degree: spontaneous inferences activate only its core areas

Ning Ma, Marie Vandekerckhove, Frank Van Overwalle, Ruth Seurinck UGent and Wim Fias UGent (2011) SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE. 6(2). p.123-138
abstract
This fMRI study analyzes inferences on other persons' traits, whereby half of the participants were given spontaneous (oreado) instructions while the other half were given intentional (oinfer the person's traito) instructions. Several sentences described the behavior of a target person from which a strong trait could be inferred (trait diagnostic) or not (trait nondiagnostic). A direct contrast between spontaneous and intentional instructions revealed no significant differences, indicating that the same social mentalizing network was recruited. There was, however, a difference with respect to different brain areas that passed the significance threshold, suggesting that this common network was recruited to a different degree. Specifically, spontaneous inferences significantly recruited only core mentalizing areas, including the temporo-parietal junction and medial prefrontal cortex, whereas intentional inferences additionally recruited other brain areas, including the (pre)cuneus, superior temporal sulcus, temporal poles, and parts of the premotor and parietal cortex. These results suggest that intentional instructions invite observers to think more about the material they read, and consider it in many ways besides its social impact. Future research on the neurological underpinnings of trait inference might profit from the use of spontaneous instructions to get purer results that involve only the core brain areas in social judgment.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
FMRI, SELF, MIND, 2 SYSTEMS, BRAIN-AREAS, TEMPORO-PARIETAL JUNCTION, SOCIAL COGNITION, TIME-COURSE, MEDIAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX, RETRIEVAL, fMRI, Trait inferences, Spontaneous, Intentional
journal title
SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE
Soc. Neurosci.
volume
6
issue
2
pages
123 - 138
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000288275800002
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.738 (2011)
JCR rank
23/75 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
1747-0919
DOI
10.1080/17470919.2010.485884
project
The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1253549
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1253549
date created
2011-06-06 14:55:07
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:17
@article{1253549,
  abstract     = {This fMRI study analyzes inferences on other persons' traits, whereby half of the participants were given spontaneous (oreado) instructions while the other half were given intentional (oinfer the person's traito) instructions. Several sentences described the behavior of a target person from which a strong trait could be inferred (trait diagnostic) or not (trait nondiagnostic). A direct contrast between spontaneous and intentional instructions revealed no significant differences, indicating that the same social mentalizing network was recruited. There was, however, a difference with respect to different brain areas that passed the significance threshold, suggesting that this common network was recruited to a different degree. Specifically, spontaneous inferences significantly recruited only core mentalizing areas, including the temporo-parietal junction and medial prefrontal cortex, whereas intentional inferences additionally recruited other brain areas, including the (pre)cuneus, superior temporal sulcus, temporal poles, and parts of the premotor and parietal cortex. These results suggest that intentional instructions invite observers to think more about the material they read, and consider it in many ways besides its social impact. Future research on the neurological underpinnings of trait inference might profit from the use of spontaneous instructions to get purer results that involve only the core brain areas in social judgment.},
  author       = {Ma, Ning and Vandekerckhove, Marie and Van Overwalle, Frank and Seurinck, Ruth and Fias, Wim},
  issn         = {1747-0919},
  journal      = {SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE},
  keyword      = {FMRI,SELF,MIND,2 SYSTEMS,BRAIN-AREAS,TEMPORO-PARIETAL JUNCTION,SOCIAL COGNITION,TIME-COURSE,MEDIAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX,RETRIEVAL,fMRI,Trait inferences,Spontaneous,Intentional},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {123--138},
  title        = {Spontaneous and intentional trait inferences recruit a common mentalizing network to a different degree: spontaneous inferences activate only its core areas},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2010.485884},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Ma, Ning, Marie Vandekerckhove, Frank Van Overwalle, Ruth Seurinck, and Wim Fias. 2011. “Spontaneous and Intentional Trait Inferences Recruit a Common Mentalizing Network to a Different Degree: Spontaneous Inferences Activate Only Its Core Areas.” Social Neuroscience 6 (2): 123–138.
APA
Ma, N., Vandekerckhove, M., Van Overwalle, F., Seurinck, R., & Fias, W. (2011). Spontaneous and intentional trait inferences recruit a common mentalizing network to a different degree: spontaneous inferences activate only its core areas. SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE, 6(2), 123–138.
Vancouver
1.
Ma N, Vandekerckhove M, Van Overwalle F, Seurinck R, Fias W. Spontaneous and intentional trait inferences recruit a common mentalizing network to a different degree: spontaneous inferences activate only its core areas. SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE. 2011;6(2):123–38.
MLA
Ma, Ning, Marie Vandekerckhove, Frank Van Overwalle, et al. “Spontaneous and Intentional Trait Inferences Recruit a Common Mentalizing Network to a Different Degree: Spontaneous Inferences Activate Only Its Core Areas.” SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE 6.2 (2011): 123–138. Print.