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Psychometric evaluation of the Dutch resilience scale RS-nl on 3265 healthy participants: a confirmation of the association between age and resilience found with the Swedish version

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Abstract
The aim of this study was to complete a thorough psychometric evaluation of the 'RS-nl', a Dutch adaptation of the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale. All of the 25 items of the original RS were retained, but a 4-point rather than a 7-point response was used and one item was reworded by removal of the negation. Psychometric analyses on 3265 healthy participants revealed a significant positive association between age and the total resilience score, confirming the findings with the Swedish version by Lundman et al. To a lesser extent, associations between education and the subscale 'Personal Competence' and between gender and the subscale 'Acceptance of Self and Life' was found. There was, however, no strong evidence for a five factor structure reflecting the five characteristics described by Wagnild and Young, mainly because of high secondary loadings. Therefore, in accordance with the 25-item RS, a two factor model (creating the subscales 'Personal Competence' and 'Acceptance of Self and Life') was maintained. The RS-nl seems to be a valid and useful screening instrument to detect persons at risk, who could benefit from closer and prolonged psychological help.
Keywords
validity, age, CHILDREN, STRESS, VULNERABILITY, ADOLESCENTS, DEPRESSION, IMMIGRANTS, RESPONSES, resilience, psychometric properties, Resilience Scale Dutch version, RS-nl

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MLA
PORTZKY, MICHAEL, Gail Wagnild, Dirk De Bacquer, et al. “Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Resilience Scale RS-nl on 3265 Healthy Participants: a Confirmation of the Association Between Age and Resilience Found with the Swedish Version.” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES 24.suppl. 1 (2010): 86–92. Print.
APA
PORTZKY, M., Wagnild, G., De Bacquer, D., & Audenaert, K. (2010). Psychometric evaluation of the Dutch resilience scale RS-nl on 3265 healthy participants: a confirmation of the association between age and resilience found with the Swedish version. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES, 24(suppl. 1), 86–92.
Chicago author-date
PORTZKY, MICHAEL, Gail Wagnild, Dirk De Bacquer, and Kurt Audenaert. 2010. “Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Resilience Scale RS-nl on 3265 Healthy Participants: a Confirmation of the Association Between Age and Resilience Found with the Swedish Version.” Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 24 (suppl. 1): 86–92.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
PORTZKY, MICHAEL, Gail Wagnild, Dirk De Bacquer, and Kurt Audenaert. 2010. “Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Resilience Scale RS-nl on 3265 Healthy Participants: a Confirmation of the Association Between Age and Resilience Found with the Swedish Version.” Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 24 (suppl. 1): 86–92.
Vancouver
1.
PORTZKY M, Wagnild G, De Bacquer D, Audenaert K. Psychometric evaluation of the Dutch resilience scale RS-nl on 3265 healthy participants: a confirmation of the association between age and resilience found with the Swedish version. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES. 2010;24(suppl. 1):86–92.
IEEE
[1]
M. PORTZKY, G. Wagnild, D. De Bacquer, and K. Audenaert, “Psychometric evaluation of the Dutch resilience scale RS-nl on 3265 healthy participants: a confirmation of the association between age and resilience found with the Swedish version,” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES, vol. 24, no. suppl. 1, pp. 86–92, 2010.
@article{1252651,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to complete a thorough psychometric evaluation of the 'RS-nl', a Dutch adaptation of the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale. All of the 25 items of the original RS were retained, but a 4-point rather than a 7-point response was used and one item was reworded by removal of the negation. Psychometric analyses on 3265 healthy participants revealed a significant positive association between age and the total resilience score, confirming the findings with the Swedish version by Lundman et al. To a lesser extent, associations between education and the subscale 'Personal Competence' and between gender and the subscale 'Acceptance of Self and Life' was found. There was, however, no strong evidence for a five factor structure reflecting the five characteristics described by Wagnild and Young, mainly because of high secondary loadings. Therefore, in accordance with the 25-item RS, a two factor model (creating the subscales 'Personal Competence' and 'Acceptance of Self and Life') was maintained. The RS-nl seems to be a valid and useful screening instrument to detect persons at risk, who could benefit from closer and prolonged psychological help.},
  author       = {PORTZKY, MICHAEL and Wagnild, Gail and De Bacquer, Dirk and Audenaert, Kurt},
  issn         = {0283-9318},
  journal      = {SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {validity,age,CHILDREN,STRESS,VULNERABILITY,ADOLESCENTS,DEPRESSION,IMMIGRANTS,RESPONSES,resilience,psychometric properties,Resilience Scale Dutch version,RS-nl},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 1},
  pages        = {86--92},
  title        = {Psychometric evaluation of the Dutch resilience scale RS-nl on 3265 healthy participants: a confirmation of the association between age and resilience found with the Swedish version},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00841.x},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2010},
}

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