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Non-direct patient care factors influencing nursing workload: a review of the literature

Dries Myny UGent, Dirk Van Goubergen UGent, Micheline Gobert, Katrien Vanderwee UGent, Ann Van Hecke UGent and Tom Defloor UGent (2011) JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING. 67(10). p.2109-2129
abstract
Aims. The aim of this paper was to detect which non-direct patient care factors are related to nursing workload in acute hospital nursing care and to develop a conceptual model to describe the relationship between the non-direct patient care factors and nursing workload. Background. Since the 1930s, efforts to measure nursing workload have been undertaken. Still, it remains unclear which of the non-direct patient care elements are essential to the nursing workload. Data sources. PubMed, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Engineering Village 2, Elin and the British Nursing Index were searched from 1970 up to July 2009. Review methods. Studies were included in this integrative review if they described factors that are related to nursing workload or if they presented models that explored the association between potential factors, excluding the factors related to direct patient care. Results. Thirty publications were included. The influencing variables were classified in five categories based on their level of impact: the hospital and ward, nursing team, individual nurse, patient and family and meta-characteristics. The variables were also classified, based on their cause-effect relationship. Some factors have a direct impact on the patient-nurse relationship, while others have an effect on the work fluency or on the subjective perception of the nursing workload. A conceptual model was built, based on the interaction between both classifications and derived from the systems theory. Conclusions. Nursing workload has a multi-causal aetiology. The influencing factors from this review can be integrated in a workload measurement tool.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
JOB-SATISFACTION, HOSPITAL NURSES, REGISTERED NURSES, NURSES PERCEPTIONS, QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY, workload, theoretical models, nursing, hospitals, integrative review, INTENSIVE-CARE, OUTCOMES, DETERMINANTS, ORGANIZATION, BURNOUT
journal title
JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING
J. Adv. Nurs.
volume
67
issue
10
pages
2109 - 2129
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000295026200004
JCR category
NURSING
JCR impact factor
1.477 (2011)
JCR rank
11/94 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0309-2402
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05689.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1252185
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1252185
date created
2011-06-05 22:24:32
date last changed
2011-11-04 10:31:52
@article{1252185,
  abstract     = {Aims. The aim of this paper was to detect which non-direct patient care factors are related to nursing workload in acute hospital nursing care and to develop a conceptual model to describe the relationship between the non-direct patient care factors and nursing workload. 
Background. Since the 1930s, efforts to measure nursing workload have been undertaken. Still, it remains unclear which of the non-direct patient care elements are essential to the nursing workload. 
Data sources. PubMed, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Engineering Village 2, Elin and the British Nursing Index were searched from 1970 up to July 2009. 
Review methods. Studies were included in this integrative review if they described factors that are related to nursing workload or if they presented models that explored the association between potential factors, excluding the factors related to direct patient care. 
Results. Thirty publications were included. The influencing variables were classified in five categories based on their level of impact: the hospital and ward, nursing team, individual nurse, patient and family and meta-characteristics. The variables were also classified, based on their cause-effect relationship. Some factors have a direct impact on the patient-nurse relationship, while others have an effect on the work fluency or on the subjective perception of the nursing workload. A conceptual model was built, based on the interaction between both classifications and derived from the systems theory. 
Conclusions. Nursing workload has a multi-causal aetiology. The influencing factors from this review can be integrated in a workload measurement tool.},
  author       = {Myny, Dries and Van Goubergen, Dirk and Gobert, Micheline  and Vanderwee, Katrien and Van Hecke, Ann and Defloor, Tom},
  issn         = {0309-2402},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING},
  keyword      = {JOB-SATISFACTION,HOSPITAL NURSES,REGISTERED NURSES,NURSES PERCEPTIONS,QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY,workload,theoretical models,nursing,hospitals,integrative review,INTENSIVE-CARE,OUTCOMES,DETERMINANTS,ORGANIZATION,BURNOUT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {2109--2129},
  title        = {Non-direct patient care factors influencing nursing workload: a review of the literature},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05689.x},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Myny, Dries, Dirk Van Goubergen, Micheline Gobert, Katrien Vanderwee, Ann Van Hecke, and Tom Defloor. 2011. “Non-direct Patient Care Factors Influencing Nursing Workload: a Review of the Literature.” Journal of Advanced Nursing 67 (10): 2109–2129.
APA
Myny, D., Van Goubergen, D., Gobert, M., Vanderwee, K., Van Hecke, A., & Defloor, T. (2011). Non-direct patient care factors influencing nursing workload: a review of the literature. JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, 67(10), 2109–2129.
Vancouver
1.
Myny D, Van Goubergen D, Gobert M, Vanderwee K, Van Hecke A, Defloor T. Non-direct patient care factors influencing nursing workload: a review of the literature. JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING. 2011;67(10):2109–29.
MLA
Myny, Dries, Dirk Van Goubergen, Micheline Gobert, et al. “Non-direct Patient Care Factors Influencing Nursing Workload: a Review of the Literature.” JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING 67.10 (2011): 2109–2129. Print.