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Acute pancreatitis in dogs and cats: medical imaging, biopsy, treatment and prognosis

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Abstract
Diagnosing acute pancreatitis in dogs and cats is difficult. Abdominal ultrasonography provides specific information about the size, shape and homogeneity of the pancreas, but is very dependent on the experience of the operator and the quality of the echography machine. Abdominal radiography is less useful, while computed tomography is less practicable in veterinary patients because of the anesthesia risks, the need for experienced operators, and the high cost. Furthermore, computed tomography has low diagnostic value in cats. Biopsy of pancreatic tissue remains the gold standard. Treatment consists of fluid therapy and nutritional support, combined with pain medication, anti-emetics and antibiotics. The prognosis in dogs and cats is variable and largely depends on the clinical condition of the patient at admission. It is usually guarded, especially in cats.
Keywords
IMMUNOREACTIVITY, DISEASE, EFFICACY, NECROSIS, SEVERITY, DIAGNOSIS, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, EARLY INTRAJEJUNAL NUTRITION, ACUTE NECROTIZING PANCREATITIS

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Chicago
Van den Bossche, I, Dominique Paepe, Jimmy Saunders, Myriam Hesta, and Sylvie Daminet. 2010. “Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs and Cats: Medical Imaging, Biopsy, Treatment and Prognosis.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 79 (2): 99–108.
APA
Van den Bossche, I., Paepe, D., Saunders, J., Hesta, M., & Daminet, S. (2010). Acute pancreatitis in dogs and cats: medical imaging, biopsy, treatment and prognosis. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 79(2), 99–108.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Bossche I, Paepe D, Saunders J, Hesta M, Daminet S. Acute pancreatitis in dogs and cats: medical imaging, biopsy, treatment and prognosis. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2010;79(2):99–108.
MLA
Van den Bossche, I, Dominique Paepe, Jimmy Saunders, et al. “Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs and Cats: Medical Imaging, Biopsy, Treatment and Prognosis.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 79.2 (2010): 99–108. Print.
@article{1249567,
  abstract     = {Diagnosing acute pancreatitis in dogs and cats is difficult. Abdominal ultrasonography provides specific information about the size, shape and homogeneity of the pancreas, but is very dependent on the experience of the operator and the quality of the echography machine. Abdominal radiography is less useful, while computed tomography is less practicable in veterinary patients because of the anesthesia risks, the need for experienced operators, and the high cost. Furthermore, computed tomography has low diagnostic value in cats. Biopsy of pancreatic tissue remains the gold standard. Treatment consists of fluid therapy and nutritional support, combined with pain medication, anti-emetics and antibiotics. The prognosis in dogs and cats is variable and largely depends on the clinical condition of the patient at admission. It is usually guarded, especially in cats.},
  author       = {Van den Bossche, I and Paepe, Dominique and Saunders, Jimmy and Hesta, Myriam and Daminet, Sylvie},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keyword      = {IMMUNOREACTIVITY,DISEASE,EFFICACY,NECROSIS,SEVERITY,DIAGNOSIS,COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY,EARLY INTRAJEJUNAL NUTRITION,ACUTE NECROTIZING PANCREATITIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {99--108},
  title        = {Acute pancreatitis in dogs and cats: medical imaging, biopsy, treatment and prognosis},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/code/showupload.php?id=554},
  volume       = {79},
  year         = {2010},
}

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