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School-based ICT policy plans in primary education: elements, typologies and underlying processes

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Abstract
Schools are more and more encouraged to write a school-based information and communication technology (ICT) policy plan. In such a plan, a school describes its expectations, goals, content and actions related to the future role of ICT in teaching and learning. Although this is encouraged by researchers and policy makers, the literature on ICT policy plans and ICT policy planning is rather general and underdeveloped. In this study, the content of school-based ICT policy plans and underlying policy processes is explored. Data were gathered in 31 primary schools in Flanders: the schools' ICT policy plan was submitted to a content analysis, and a semi-structured interview was administered to the school leader or the ICT coordinator. Using a framework of ICT leadership practices to guide the analysis (setting direction, developing people and making the organization work), we identified three types of ICT policy plans: (1) an ICT policy plan as a vision blueprint, (2) a technical inventory and (3) a comprehensive ICT policy plan. Although the last type takes into account all ICT leadership practices, we found a variety of different approaches in the processes used to create and execute such plans, such as the support of ICT training activities, data-driven decision-making processes and monitoring activities.
Keywords
INTEGRATION, TECHNOLOGY, CLASSROOMS

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Chicago
Vanderlinde, Ruben, Sara Dexter, and Johan van Braak. 2012. “School-based ICT Policy Plans in Primary Education: Elements, Typologies and Underlying Processes.” British Journal of Educational Technology 43 (3): 505–519.
APA
Vanderlinde, R., Dexter, S., & van Braak, J. (2012). School-based ICT policy plans in primary education: elements, typologies and underlying processes. BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, 43(3), 505–519.
Vancouver
1.
Vanderlinde R, Dexter S, van Braak J. School-based ICT policy plans in primary education: elements, typologies and underlying processes. BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY. 2012;43(3):505–19.
MLA
Vanderlinde, Ruben, Sara Dexter, and Johan van Braak. “School-based ICT Policy Plans in Primary Education: Elements, Typologies and Underlying Processes.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 43.3 (2012): 505–519. Print.
@article{1246566,
  abstract     = {Schools are more and more encouraged to write a school-based information and communication technology (ICT) policy plan. In such a plan, a school describes its expectations, goals, content and actions related to the future role of ICT in teaching and learning. Although this is encouraged by researchers and policy makers, the literature on ICT policy plans and ICT policy planning is rather general and underdeveloped. In this study, the content of school-based ICT policy plans and underlying policy processes is explored. Data were gathered in 31 primary schools in Flanders: the schools' ICT policy plan was submitted to a content analysis, and a semi-structured interview was administered to the school leader or the ICT coordinator. Using a framework of ICT leadership practices to guide the analysis (setting direction, developing people and making the organization work), we identified three types of ICT policy plans: (1) an ICT policy plan as a vision blueprint, (2) a technical inventory and (3) a comprehensive ICT policy plan. Although the last type takes into account all ICT leadership practices, we found a variety of different approaches in the processes used to create and execute such plans, such as the support of ICT training activities, data-driven decision-making processes and monitoring activities.},
  author       = {Vanderlinde, Ruben and Dexter, Sara and van Braak, Johan},
  issn         = {0007-1013},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {505--519},
  title        = {School-based ICT policy plans in primary education: elements, typologies and underlying processes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2011.01191.x},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2012},
}

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