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Optical and near-infrared velocity dispersions of early-type galaxies

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Abstract
We have carried out a systematic, homogeneous comparison of optical and near-infrared dispersions. Our magnitude-limited sample of early-type galaxies (ETGs) in the Fornax cluster comprises 11 elliptical and 11 lenticular galaxies more luminous than M-B = -17. We were able to determine the central dispersions based on the near-infrared CO absorption band head for 19 of those galaxies. The velocity dispersions range from less than 70 km s-1 to over 400 km s-1. We compare our near-infrared velocity dispersions to the optical dispersions measured by <link rid="b32">Kuntschner. Contrary to previous studies, we find a one-to-one correspondence with a median fractional difference of 6.4 per cent. We examine the correlation between the relative dust mass and the fractional difference of the velocity dispersions, but find no significant trend. Our results suggest that early-type galaxies are largely optically thin, which is consistent with recent Herschel observations.
Keywords
LOCAL UNIVERSE, galaxies: clusters: individual: Fornax, COLOR GRADIENTS, VIRGO CLUSTER, FORNAX CLUSTER, STELLAR POPULATIONS, FUNDAMENTAL PLANE, SUPERMASSIVE BLACK-HOLES, DIFFUSE DUST COMPONENT, ELLIPTIC GALAXIES, TO-LIGHT RATIO, galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD, galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

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Chicago
Vanderbeke, Joachim, Maarten Baes, Aaron J Romanowsky, and Linda Schmidtobreick. 2011. “Optical and Near-infrared Velocity Dispersions of Early-type Galaxies.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 412 (3): 2017–2025.
APA
Vanderbeke, J., Baes, M., Romanowsky, A. J., & Schmidtobreick, L. (2011). Optical and near-infrared velocity dispersions of early-type galaxies. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 412(3), 2017–2025.
Vancouver
1.
Vanderbeke J, Baes M, Romanowsky AJ, Schmidtobreick L. Optical and near-infrared velocity dispersions of early-type galaxies. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. 2011;412(3):2017–25.
MLA
Vanderbeke, Joachim, Maarten Baes, Aaron J Romanowsky, et al. “Optical and Near-infrared Velocity Dispersions of Early-type Galaxies.” MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 412.3 (2011): 2017–2025. Print.
@article{1240887,
  abstract     = {We have carried out a systematic, homogeneous comparison of optical and near-infrared dispersions. Our magnitude-limited sample of early-type galaxies (ETGs) in the Fornax cluster comprises 11 elliptical and 11 lenticular galaxies more luminous than M-B = -17. We were able to determine the central dispersions based on the near-infrared CO absorption band head for 19 of those galaxies. The velocity dispersions range from less than 70 km s-1 to over 400 km s-1. We compare our near-infrared velocity dispersions to the optical dispersions measured by {\textlangle}link rid={\textacutedbl}b32{\textacutedbl}{\textrangle}Kuntschner. Contrary to previous studies, we find a one-to-one correspondence with a median fractional difference of 6.4 per cent. We examine the correlation between the relative dust mass and the fractional difference of the velocity dispersions, but find no significant trend. Our results suggest that early-type galaxies are largely optically thin, which is consistent with recent Herschel observations.},
  author       = {Vanderbeke, Joachim and Baes, Maarten and Romanowsky, Aaron J and Schmidtobreick, Linda},
  issn         = {0035-8711},
  journal      = {MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY},
  keyword      = {LOCAL UNIVERSE,galaxies: clusters: individual: Fornax,COLOR GRADIENTS,VIRGO CLUSTER,FORNAX CLUSTER,STELLAR POPULATIONS,FUNDAMENTAL PLANE,SUPERMASSIVE BLACK-HOLES,DIFFUSE DUST COMPONENT,ELLIPTIC GALAXIES,TO-LIGHT RATIO,galaxies: elliptical and lenticular,cD,galaxies: kinematics and dynamics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {2017--2025},
  title        = {Optical and near-infrared velocity dispersions of early-type galaxies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.18036.x},
  volume       = {412},
  year         = {2011},
}

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