Advanced search
1 file | 238.32 KB

Gender specific trends in alcohol use: cross-cultural comparisons from 1998 to 2006 in 24 countries and regions

(2009) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 54(suppl. 2). p.199-208
Author
Organization
Abstract
Objective: To examine trends in the prevalence of monthly alcohol use and lifetime drunkenness among 15 year olds in 20 European countries, the Russian Federation, Israel, the United States of America, and Canada. Methods: Alcohol use prevalence and drunkenness were assessed in the Health Behavior in School-aged Children Survey conducted in each country in 1998, 2002, and 2006. Trends were determined using the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test for trends. Results: Average monthly alcohol use across all countries declined from 45.3 % to 43.6 % and drunkenness declined from 37.2% to 34.8. There was substantial variability across countries, with decreases in some countries and increases or no change in use or drunkenness in others. The overall decline was greater among boys, from 41.2 % to 36.7 % than among girls, 33.3 % to 31.9 %. In most of the countries where drinking or drunkenness increased, it was due mainly to increases among girls. Conclusions: Trends in alcohol use and drunkenness varied by country. Drinking and drunkenness remained higher among boys than girls, but the gap between boys and girls declined and girls appear to be catching up with boys in some countries.
Keywords
Drunkenness, Alcohol, Adolescents, Trends, Cross-national, Gender, EUROPEAN COUNTRIES, ADOLESCENTS, PERSPECTIVE, DEPENDENCE, ABUSE

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 238.32 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Simons-Morton, Bruce, Tilda Farhat, Tom ter Bogt, Anne Hublet, Emmannuel Kuntsche, Soairse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau, and Anne Kokkevi. 2009. “Gender Specific Trends in Alcohol Use: Cross-cultural Comparisons from 1998 to 2006 in 24 Countries and Regions.” International Journal of Public Health 54 (suppl. 2): 199–208.
APA
Simons-Morton, B., Farhat, T., ter Bogt, T., Hublet, A., Kuntsche, E., Nic Gabhainn, S., Godeau, E., et al. (2009). Gender specific trends in alcohol use: cross-cultural comparisons from 1998 to 2006 in 24 countries and regions. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 54(suppl. 2), 199–208.
Vancouver
1.
Simons-Morton B, Farhat T, ter Bogt T, Hublet A, Kuntsche E, Nic Gabhainn S, et al. Gender specific trends in alcohol use: cross-cultural comparisons from 1998 to 2006 in 24 countries and regions. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2009;54(suppl. 2):199–208.
MLA
Simons-Morton, Bruce, Tilda Farhat, Tom ter Bogt, et al. “Gender Specific Trends in Alcohol Use: Cross-cultural Comparisons from 1998 to 2006 in 24 Countries and Regions.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 54.suppl. 2 (2009): 199–208. Print.
@article{1234115,
  abstract     = {Objective: To examine trends in the prevalence of monthly alcohol use and lifetime drunkenness among 15 year olds in 20 European countries, the Russian Federation, Israel, the United States of America, and Canada.
Methods: Alcohol use prevalence and drunkenness were assessed in the Health Behavior in School-aged Children Survey conducted in each country in 1998, 2002, and 2006. Trends were determined using the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test for trends.
Results: Average monthly alcohol use across all countries declined from 45.3 \% to 43.6 \% and drunkenness declined from 37.2\% to 34.8. There was substantial variability across countries, with decreases in some countries and increases or no change in use or drunkenness in others. The overall decline was greater among boys, from 41.2 \% to 36.7 \% than among girls, 33.3 \% to 31.9 \%. In most of the countries where drinking or drunkenness increased, it was due mainly to increases among girls.
Conclusions: Trends in alcohol use and drunkenness varied by country. Drinking and drunkenness remained higher among boys than girls, but the gap between boys and girls declined and girls appear to be catching up with boys in some countries.},
  author       = {Simons-Morton, Bruce and Farhat, Tilda  and ter Bogt, Tom and Hublet, Anne and Kuntsche, Emmannuel and Nic Gabhainn, Soairse and Godeau, Emmanuelle and Kokkevi, Anne},
  issn         = {1661-8556},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {Drunkenness,Alcohol,Adolescents,Trends,Cross-national,Gender,EUROPEAN COUNTRIES,ADOLESCENTS,PERSPECTIVE,DEPENDENCE,ABUSE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 2},
  pages        = {199--208},
  title        = {Gender specific trends in alcohol use: cross-cultural comparisons from 1998 to 2006 in 24 countries and regions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-009-5411-y},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2009},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: