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Bacterial diversity at the cloaca relates to an immune response in magpie Pica pica and to body condition of great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius nestlings

(2009) JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY. 40(1). p.42-48
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Abstract
Diversity of the gut bacterial community is of prime importance for optimal food digestion and, therefore, for nutritional condition of avian nestlings. Consequently, bacterial community should be considered as a predictor of the future survival and recruitment of young birds. To explore this hypothesis, we studied the cloacal microbiota, by using RISA procedure, in two avian species sharing environmental conditions during growth, the avian brood parasitic great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius, and their main host in Europe, the magpie Pica pica. As estimates of phenotypic condition of nestlings we studied two nutrition-dependent traits, the immune response to an innocuous antigen (phytohemagglutinin), and the residuals of body mass on tarsus and wing length of nestlings. According to the hypothesis, we found significant relationships between microbial diversity and nestling phenotypic traits related to probability of recruitment. Briefly, both magpie and cuckoo nestlings having more similar microbial diversity were also those with similar immune response and body condition index respectively. Our results show a possible association between bacterial communities and variables related to the probability of post-fledging survival and recruitment of birds, as well as possible reasons explaining magpie-cuckoo differences in the nutritionally conditioned variables better associated with their bacterial diversity.
Keywords
SURVIVAL, ECOLOGY, BIRDS, MASS, IMMUNOCOMPETENCE, PARUS-MAJOR, BROOD-PARASITE, GASTROINTESTINAL-TRACT, FICEDULA-HYPOLEUCA, LOCAL RECRUITMENT

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Chicago
Ruiz-Rodríguez, Magdalena, Juan J Soler, Françoise S Lucas, Philipp Heeb, María José Palacios, David Martín-Gálvez, Liesbeth De Neve, Tomás Pérez-Contreras, Juan G Martínez, and Manuel Soler. 2009. “Bacterial Diversity at the Cloaca Relates to an Immune Response in Magpie Pica Pica and to Body Condition of Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator Glandarius Nestlings.” Journal of Avian Biology 40 (1): 42–48.
APA
Ruiz-Rodríguez, M., Soler, J. J., Lucas, F. S., Heeb, P., Palacios, M. J., Martín-Gálvez, D., De Neve, L., et al. (2009). Bacterial diversity at the cloaca relates to an immune response in magpie Pica pica and to body condition of great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius nestlings. JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY, 40(1), 42–48.
Vancouver
1.
Ruiz-Rodríguez M, Soler JJ, Lucas FS, Heeb P, Palacios MJ, Martín-Gálvez D, et al. Bacterial diversity at the cloaca relates to an immune response in magpie Pica pica and to body condition of great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius nestlings. JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY. 2009;40(1):42–8.
MLA
Ruiz-Rodríguez, Magdalena, Juan J Soler, Françoise S Lucas, et al. “Bacterial Diversity at the Cloaca Relates to an Immune Response in Magpie Pica Pica and to Body Condition of Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator Glandarius Nestlings.” JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 40.1 (2009): 42–48. Print.
@article{1233160,
  abstract     = {Diversity of the gut bacterial community is of prime importance for optimal food digestion and, therefore, for nutritional condition of avian nestlings. Consequently, bacterial community should be considered as a predictor of the future survival and recruitment of young birds. To explore this hypothesis, we studied the cloacal microbiota, by using RISA procedure, in two avian species sharing environmental conditions during growth, the avian brood parasitic great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius, and their main host in Europe, the magpie Pica pica. As estimates of phenotypic condition of nestlings we studied two nutrition-dependent traits, the immune response to an innocuous antigen (phytohemagglutinin), and the residuals of body mass on tarsus and wing length of nestlings. According to the hypothesis, we found significant relationships between microbial diversity and nestling phenotypic traits related to probability of recruitment. Briefly, both magpie and cuckoo nestlings having more similar microbial diversity were also those with similar immune response and body condition index respectively. Our results show a possible association between bacterial communities and variables related to the probability of post-fledging survival and recruitment of birds, as well as possible reasons explaining magpie-cuckoo differences in the nutritionally conditioned variables better associated with their bacterial diversity.},
  author       = {Ruiz-Rodríguez, Magdalena and Soler, Juan J and Lucas, Françoise S and Heeb, Philipp and Palacios, María José and Martín-Gálvez, David and De Neve, Liesbeth and Pérez-Contreras, Tomás and Martínez, Juan G and Soler, Manuel},
  issn         = {0908-8857},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY},
  keywords     = {SURVIVAL,ECOLOGY,BIRDS,MASS,IMMUNOCOMPETENCE,PARUS-MAJOR,BROOD-PARASITE,GASTROINTESTINAL-TRACT,FICEDULA-HYPOLEUCA,LOCAL RECRUITMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {42--48},
  title        = {Bacterial diversity at the cloaca relates to an immune response in magpie Pica pica and to body condition of great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius nestlings},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-048X.2008.04471.x},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2009},
}

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