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Urban-rural differences in physical activity in Belgian adults and the importance of psychosocial factors

Delfien Van Dyck UGent, Greet Cardon UGent, Benedicte Deforche UGent and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent (2011) JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE. 88(1). p.154-157
abstract
Recent research in urban planning and public health has drawn attention to the associations between urban form and physical activity in adults. Because little is known on the urban-rural differences in physical activity, the main aims of the present study were to examine differences in physical activity between urban and rural adults and to investigate the moderating effects of the physical environment on the relationship between psychosocial factors and physical activity. In Flanders, Belgium, five rural and five urban neighborhoods were selected. A sample of 350 adults (20-65 years of age; 35 adults per neighborhood) participated in the study. Participants wore a pedometer for 7 days, and self-reported physical activity and psychosocial data were also collected. Results showed that urban adults took more steps/day and reported more walking and cycling for transport in the neighborhood, more recreational walking in the neighborhood, and more walking for transportation outside the neighborhood than rural adults. Rural adults reported more recreational cycling in the neighborhoods. The physical environment was a significant moderator of the associations between several psychosocial factors (modeling from family, self-efficacy, and perceived barriers) and physical activity. In rural participants, adults with psychosocial scores above average were more physically active, whereas there were no differences in physical activity according to psychosocial factors in urban participants. These results are promising and plead for the development of multidimensional interventions, targeting specific population subgroups. In rural environments, where changing the environment would be a very challenging task, interventions focusing on modifiable psychosocial constructs could possibly be effective.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Physical environment, Physical activity, Adults, Psychosocial factors, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, UNITED-STATES, ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE, NEIGHBORHOOD WALKABILITY, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, PUBLIC-HEALTH, WALKING, OBESITY, OLDER, TRANSPORTATION
journal title
JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE
J. Urban Health
volume
88
issue
1
pages
154 - 157
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000287589500013
JCR category
MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL
JCR impact factor
2.13 (2011)
JCR rank
36/153 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
1099-3460
DOI
10.1007/s11524-010-9536-3
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1232845
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1232845
date created
2011-05-24 11:30:21
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:35:39
@article{1232845,
  abstract     = {Recent research in urban planning and public health has drawn attention to the associations between urban form and physical activity in adults. Because little is known on the urban-rural differences in physical activity, the main aims of the present study were to examine differences in physical activity between urban and rural adults and to investigate the moderating effects of the physical environment on the relationship between psychosocial factors and physical activity. In Flanders, Belgium, five rural and five urban neighborhoods were selected. A sample of 350 adults (20-65 years of age; 35 adults per neighborhood) participated in the study. Participants wore a pedometer for 7 days, and self-reported physical activity and psychosocial data were also collected. Results showed that urban adults took more steps/day and reported more walking and cycling for transport in the neighborhood, more recreational walking in the neighborhood, and more walking for transportation outside the neighborhood than rural adults. Rural adults reported more recreational cycling in the neighborhoods. The physical environment was a significant moderator of the associations between several psychosocial factors (modeling from family, self-efficacy, and perceived barriers) and physical activity. In rural participants, adults with psychosocial scores above average were more physically active, whereas there were no differences in physical activity according to psychosocial factors in urban participants. These results are promising and plead for the development of multidimensional interventions, targeting specific population subgroups. In rural environments, where changing the environment would be a very challenging task, interventions focusing on modifiable psychosocial constructs could possibly be effective.},
  author       = {Van Dyck, Delfien and Cardon, Greet and Deforche, Benedicte and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1099-3460},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {Physical environment,Physical activity,Adults,Psychosocial factors,QUALITY-OF-LIFE,UNITED-STATES,ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE,NEIGHBORHOOD WALKABILITY,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,PUBLIC-HEALTH,WALKING,OBESITY,OLDER,TRANSPORTATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {154--157},
  title        = {Urban-rural differences in physical activity in Belgian adults and the importance of psychosocial factors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-010-9536-3},
  volume       = {88},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Van Dyck, Delfien, Greet Cardon, Benedicte Deforche, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2011. “Urban-rural Differences in Physical Activity in Belgian Adults and the Importance of Psychosocial Factors.” Journal of Urban Health-bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 88 (1): 154–157.
APA
Van Dyck, Delfien, Cardon, G., Deforche, B., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2011). Urban-rural differences in physical activity in Belgian adults and the importance of psychosocial factors. JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE, 88(1), 154–157.
Vancouver
1.
Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Urban-rural differences in physical activity in Belgian adults and the importance of psychosocial factors. JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE. 2011;88(1):154–7.
MLA
Van Dyck, Delfien, Greet Cardon, Benedicte Deforche, et al. “Urban-rural Differences in Physical Activity in Belgian Adults and the Importance of Psychosocial Factors.” JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE 88.1 (2011): 154–157. Print.