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Dietary intakes of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin D and vitamin E in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort

(2009) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. 63(suppl. 4). p.S150-S178
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Abstract
Objectives: To describe the intake of the fat-soluble nutrients retinol, b-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin D and their food sources among 27 redefined centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Methods: Between 1995 and 2000, 36 034 subjects (age range: 35–74 years) completed a single standardized 24-h dietary recall using a computerized interview software program (EPIC-SOFT). Intakes of the fat-soluble nutrients were estimated using the standardized EPIC Nutrient Database. Results: For all the nutrients, in most centres, men had a higher level of intake than did women, even after adjustments for total energy intake and anthropometric confounders. Distinct regional gradients from northern to southern European countries were observed for all nutrients. The level intake of b-carotene and vitamin E also showed some differences by level of education, smoking status and physical activity. No meaningful differences in the nutrient intake were observed by age range. Conclusions: These results show differences by study centre, gender, age and various lifestyle variables in the intake of retinol, b-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin D between 10 European countries.
Keywords
EPIC PROJECT, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, D INSUFFICIENCY, COUNTRIES, CALIBRATION, VEGETABLES, RECALLS, vitamin D, retinol, vitamin E, beta-carotene, EPIC-SOFT, diet, PLASMA CAROTENOIDS, MEAT CONSUMPTION, LEVEL CORRELATIONS

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Chicago
Jenab, Mazda, Simonetta Salvini, Carla van Gils, Magritt Brustad, S Shakya-Shrestha, B Buijsse, H Verhagen, et al. 2009. “Dietary Intakes of Retinol, Beta-carotene, Vitamin D and Vitamin E in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Cohort.” Ed. Prakash Shetty. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 63 (suppl. 4): S150–S178.
APA
Jenab, M., Salvini, S., van Gils, C., Brustad, M., Shakya-Shrestha, S., Buijsse, B., Verhagen, H., et al. (2009). Dietary intakes of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin D and vitamin E in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort. (P. Shetty, Ed.)EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 63(suppl. 4), S150–S178.
Vancouver
1.
Jenab M, Salvini S, van Gils C, Brustad M, Shakya-Shrestha S, Buijsse B, et al. Dietary intakes of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin D and vitamin E in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort. Shetty P, editor. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. 2009;63(suppl. 4):S150–S178.
MLA
Jenab, Mazda, Simonetta Salvini, Carla van Gils, et al. “Dietary Intakes of Retinol, Beta-carotene, Vitamin D and Vitamin E in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Cohort.” Ed. Prakash Shetty. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 63.suppl. 4 (2009): S150–S178. Print.
@article{1232664,
  abstract     = {Objectives: To describe the intake of the fat-soluble nutrients retinol, b-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin D and their food sources among 27 redefined centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.
Methods: Between 1995 and 2000, 36 034 subjects (age range: 35--74 years) completed a single standardized 24-h dietary recall using a computerized interview software program (EPIC-SOFT). Intakes of the fat-soluble nutrients were estimated using the standardized EPIC Nutrient Database.
Results: For all the nutrients, in most centres, men had a higher level of intake than did women, even after adjustments for total energy intake and anthropometric confounders. Distinct regional gradients from northern to southern European countries were observed for all nutrients. The level intake of b-carotene and vitamin E also showed some differences by level of education, smoking status and physical activity. No meaningful differences in the nutrient intake were observed by age range.
Conclusions: These results show differences by study centre, gender, age and various lifestyle variables in the intake of retinol, b-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin D between 10 European countries.},
  author       = {Jenab, Mazda and Salvini, Simonetta  and van Gils, Carla  and Brustad, Magritt  and Shakya-Shrestha, S and Buijsse, B and Verhagen, H and Touvier, M and Biessy, C and Wallstrom, P and Bouckaert, Kimberley and Lund, E and Waaseth, M and Roswall, N and Joensen, AM and Linseisen, J and Boeing, H and Vasilopoulou, E and Dilis, V and Sieri, S and Sacerdote, C and Ferrari, P and Manjer, J and Nilsson, S and Welch, AA and Travis, R and Boutron-Ruault, MC and Niravong, M and Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB and van der Schouw, YT and Tormo, MJ and Barricarte, A and Riboli, E and Bingham, S and Slimani, N},
  editor       = {Shetty, Prakash},
  issn         = {0954-3007},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {EPIC PROJECT,CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE,D INSUFFICIENCY,COUNTRIES,CALIBRATION,VEGETABLES,RECALLS,vitamin D,retinol,vitamin E,beta-carotene,EPIC-SOFT,diet,PLASMA CAROTENOIDS,MEAT CONSUMPTION,LEVEL CORRELATIONS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 4},
  pages        = {S150--S178},
  title        = {Dietary intakes of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin D and vitamin E in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2009.79},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2009},
}

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