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In this paper, we propose two ad hoc frequency offset (FO) estimation algorithms in a known symbol padding (KSP) orthogonal frequency-divisionmultiplexing (OFDM) system, where the guard interval is filled with pilot symbols. Besides those time domain pilot symbols, some additional pilot symbols are transmitted on the pilot carriers. The FO is estimated without any channel knowledge. One algorithm operates in the time domain (TD), while the other one operates in the frequency domain (FD). The interference from the unknown data symbols is much smaller in the FD than in the TD, especially for small FOs. As a result, the FD initialization algorithm results in a lower mean squared error (MSE). Both estimation algorithms reach the BER performance of a receiver with perfect knowledge about the FO.

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Chicago
Van Welden, Dieter, Heidi Steendam, and Marc Moeneclaey. 2011. “Frequency Offset Estimation for KSP-OFDM.” In SPAWC 2011 : 2011 IEEE 12th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, 271–275. New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
APA
Van Welden, Dieter, Steendam, H., & Moeneclaey, M. (2011). Frequency offset estimation for KSP-OFDM. SPAWC 2011 : 2011 IEEE 12th international workshop on signal processing advances in wireless communications (pp. 271–275). Presented at the 12th IEEE International workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC 2011), New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
Vancouver
1.
Van Welden D, Steendam H, Moeneclaey M. Frequency offset estimation for KSP-OFDM. SPAWC 2011 : 2011 IEEE 12th international workshop on signal processing advances in wireless communications. New York, NY, USA: IEEE; 2011. p. 271–5.
MLA
Van Welden, Dieter, Heidi Steendam, and Marc Moeneclaey. “Frequency Offset Estimation for KSP-OFDM.” SPAWC 2011 : 2011 IEEE 12th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications. New York, NY, USA: IEEE, 2011. 271–275. Print.
@inproceedings{1231748,
  abstract     = {In this paper, we propose two ad hoc frequency offset (FO) estimation algorithms in a known symbol padding (KSP) orthogonal frequency-divisionmultiplexing (OFDM) system, where the guard interval is filled with pilot symbols. Besides those time domain pilot symbols, some additional pilot symbols are transmitted on the pilot carriers. The FO is estimated without any channel knowledge. One algorithm operates in the time domain (TD), while the other one operates in the frequency domain (FD). The interference from the unknown data symbols is much smaller in the FD than in the TD, especially for small FOs. As a result, the FD initialization algorithm results in a lower mean squared error (MSE). Both estimation algorithms reach the BER performance of a receiver with perfect knowledge about the FO.},
  author       = {Van Welden, Dieter and Steendam, Heidi and Moeneclaey, Marc},
  booktitle    = {SPAWC 2011 : 2011 IEEE 12th international workshop on signal processing advances in wireless communications},
  isbn         = {9781424493326},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {San Francisco, CA, USA},
  pages        = {271--275},
  publisher    = {IEEE},
  title        = {Frequency offset estimation for KSP-OFDM},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SPAWC.2011.5990411},
  year         = {2011},
}

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