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Institutions under construction: resolving resource conflicts in Tanzanian irrigation schemes

Els Lecoutere UGent (2011) JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES. 5(2). p.252-273
abstract
Water governance in Tanzania’s small-scale irrigation schemes has become ever more challenging because of increasing market penetration, declining predictability of water availability and widening institutional pluralism. Despite these trends, resource conflicts at the local level have generally been avoided. Instead, one observes processes in which actors involved in conflicts make and remake institutions. This renders these irrigation schemes interesting for studying water governance institutions under construction. By documenting how conflicts over water are solved in small-scale irrigation schemes in rural Tanzania, we show that resource conflicts do not necessarily lead to violence, but motivate actors to pragmatically search for solutions. Institutional pluralism is turned into an asset because it increases the potential for creativity. As such, pragmatic conflict resolution and institutional pluralism contribute to the development of more sophisticated and locally adapted resource governance institutions. However, despite its potential, actor-driven development of resource governance institutions can also reproduce deeply entrenched power imbalances and gender roles. As such, it can hinder inclusion of less powerful resource users because the latter do not always have the capability to engage in creative conflict resolution.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
DEMOCRATIC DECENTRALIZATION, MANAGEMENT, AUTHORITY, ACCESS, PROPERTY, AFRICA, POWER, irrigation, power, resource governance institutions, Africa
journal title
JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES
J. East. Afr. Stud.
volume
5
issue
2
pages
252 - 273
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000290672600003
JCR category
AREA STUDIES
JCR impact factor
0.333 (2011)
JCR rank
38/65 (2011)
JCR quartile
3 (2011)
ISSN
1753-1055
DOI
10.1080/17531055.2011.571388
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1231741
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1231741
date created
2011-05-24 09:40:32
date last changed
2012-05-02 13:41:04
@article{1231741,
  abstract     = {Water governance in Tanzania{\textquoteright}s small-scale irrigation schemes has become ever more challenging because of increasing market penetration, declining predictability
of water availability and widening institutional pluralism. Despite these trends, resource conflicts at the local level have generally been avoided. Instead, one observes processes in which actors involved in conflicts make and remake institutions. This renders these irrigation schemes interesting for studying water governance institutions under construction. By documenting how conflicts over water are solved in small-scale irrigation schemes in rural Tanzania, we show that resource conflicts do not necessarily lead to violence, but motivate actors to pragmatically search for solutions. Institutional pluralism is turned into an asset because it increases the potential for creativity. As such, pragmatic conflict resolution and institutional pluralism contribute to the development of more sophisticated and locally adapted resource governance institutions. However, despite its potential, actor-driven development of resource governance institutions can also reproduce deeply entrenched power imbalances and gender roles. As such, it can hinder inclusion of less powerful resource users because the latter do not always have the capability to engage in creative conflict resolution.},
  author       = {Lecoutere, Els},
  issn         = {1753-1055},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES},
  keyword      = {DEMOCRATIC DECENTRALIZATION,MANAGEMENT,AUTHORITY,ACCESS,PROPERTY,AFRICA,POWER,irrigation,power,resource governance institutions,Africa},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {252--273},
  title        = {Institutions under construction: resolving resource conflicts in Tanzanian irrigation schemes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2011.571388},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Lecoutere, Els. 2011. “Institutions Under Construction: Resolving Resource Conflicts in Tanzanian Irrigation Schemes.” Journal of Eastern African Studies 5 (2): 252–273.
APA
Lecoutere, E. (2011). Institutions under construction: resolving resource conflicts in Tanzanian irrigation schemes. JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES, 5(2), 252–273.
Vancouver
1.
Lecoutere E. Institutions under construction: resolving resource conflicts in Tanzanian irrigation schemes. JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES. 2011;5(2):252–73.
MLA
Lecoutere, Els. “Institutions Under Construction: Resolving Resource Conflicts in Tanzanian Irrigation Schemes.” JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES 5.2 (2011): 252–273. Print.