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Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: consumption patterns of plant sterol-enriched foods in Flanders, Belgium

Isabelle Sioen UGent, Christophe Matthys UGent, Inge Huybrechts UGent, John Van Camp UGent and Stefaan De Henauw UGent (2011) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 105(6). p.911-918
abstract
The present study describes the consumption of foods enriched with plant sterols (PS) and supplements containing PS, and evaluates PS intakes via the current consumption and for specific consumption scenarios. A market inventory was performed to collate different PS-enriched food items and supplements available in Belgium. An FFQ was developed to investigate the consumption of PS-enriched foods and supplements. A total of 139 pre-school children (2.5-7 years old) and 569 adults (308 women and 261 men) living in Flanders (the northern, Dutch-speaking part of Belgium) participated in the study. Of these, 21% (Flemish pre-school children) and 28.5% (Flemish adults) consume PS-enriched food products, leading to a mean PS intake in the consumer group of 0.70 (SD 0.61) g/d for pre-school children and 1.51 (SD 1.42) g/d for adults. Of the adult PS consumers, 23.2% did not suffer from elevated blood cholesterol levels; 50% of them had a PS intake less than or equal to 1 g/d and 16.4% had a PS intake above 3 g/d and 7.8% even had an intake above 4 g/d. Scenario studies assessed the intake when all Belgian adults would consume PS-enriched margarines without (scenario 1) or with (scenario 2) a daily consumption of a PS-enriched yoghurt drink. This resulted in an intake above 3 g/d in 17% (women) and 29% (men) for scenario 1 and 40% (women) and 53% (men) for scenario 2. The results indicate that PS-enriched food products are also consumed by the non-target group. Efficient communication tools are needed to inform consumers better about the target group of PS-enriched products, the advised dose per day and alternative dietary strategies to lower the blood cholesterol level.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
STANOLS, SIMULATION, Plant sterols, Enriched foods, Dietary intake
journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
Br. J. Nutr.
volume
105
issue
6
pages
911 - 918
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000288131000013
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
3.013 (2011)
JCR rank
19/71 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0007-1145
DOI
10.1017/S0007114510004411
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
1230303
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1230303
date created
2011-05-23 12:17:44
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:35:08
@article{1230303,
  abstract     = {The present study describes the consumption of foods enriched with plant sterols (PS) and supplements containing PS, and evaluates PS intakes via the current consumption and for specific consumption scenarios. A market inventory was performed to collate different PS-enriched food items and supplements available in Belgium. An FFQ was developed to investigate the consumption of PS-enriched foods and supplements. A total of 139 pre-school children (2.5-7 years old) and 569 adults (308 women and 261 men) living in Flanders (the northern, Dutch-speaking part of Belgium) participated in the study. Of these, 21\% (Flemish pre-school children) and 28.5\% (Flemish adults) consume PS-enriched food products, leading to a mean PS intake in the consumer group of 0.70 (SD 0.61) g/d for pre-school children and 1.51 (SD 1.42) g/d for adults. Of the adult PS consumers, 23.2\% did not suffer from elevated blood cholesterol levels; 50\% of them had a PS intake less than or equal to 1 g/d and 16.4\% had a PS intake above 3 g/d and 7.8\% even had an intake above 4 g/d. Scenario studies assessed the intake when all Belgian adults would consume PS-enriched margarines without (scenario 1) or with (scenario 2) a daily consumption of a PS-enriched yoghurt drink. This resulted in an intake above 3 g/d in 17\% (women) and 29\% (men) for scenario 1 and 40\% (women) and 53\% (men) for scenario 2. The results indicate that PS-enriched food products are also consumed by the non-target group. Efficient communication tools are needed to inform consumers better about the target group of PS-enriched products, the advised dose per day and alternative dietary strategies to lower the blood cholesterol level.},
  author       = {Sioen, Isabelle and Matthys, Christophe and Huybrechts, Inge and Van Camp, John and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {STANOLS,SIMULATION,Plant sterols,Enriched foods,Dietary intake},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {911--918},
  title        = {Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: consumption patterns of plant sterol-enriched foods in Flanders, Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510004411},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Sioen, Isabelle, Christophe Matthys, Inge Huybrechts, John Van Camp, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2011. “Consumption of Plant Sterols in Belgium: Consumption Patterns of Plant Sterol-enriched Foods in Flanders, Belgium.” British Journal of Nutrition 105 (6): 911–918.
APA
Sioen, I., Matthys, C., Huybrechts, I., Van Camp, J., & De Henauw, S. (2011). Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: consumption patterns of plant sterol-enriched foods in Flanders, Belgium. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 105(6), 911–918.
Vancouver
1.
Sioen I, Matthys C, Huybrechts I, Van Camp J, De Henauw S. Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: consumption patterns of plant sterol-enriched foods in Flanders, Belgium. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2011;105(6):911–8.
MLA
Sioen, Isabelle, Christophe Matthys, Inge Huybrechts, et al. “Consumption of Plant Sterols in Belgium: Consumption Patterns of Plant Sterol-enriched Foods in Flanders, Belgium.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 105.6 (2011): 911–918. Print.