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Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: estimated intakes and sources of naturally occurring plant sterols and beta-carotene

Isabelle Sioen (UGent) , Christophe Matthys (UGent) , Inge Huybrechts (UGent) , John Van Camp (UGent) and Stefaan De Henauw (UGent)
(2011) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 105(6). p.960-966
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Abstract
The objective of the present study was to assess the intake of naturally occurring plant sterols and beta-carotene via the overall diet of Belgian pre-school children and adults. Two different Belgian food consumption databases were used: (1) one with consumption data of pre-school children (2.5-6.5 years old) and (2) one with consumption data of adults (>= 15 years old). These consumption data were combined with a newly developed database containing the plant sterol and beta-carotene content in all relevant food items based on international food composition databases and scientific literature. The results show that Flemish pre-school children have a median plant sterol intake of 172 (interquartile range (IQR) = 47) and 184 (IQR = 52) mg/d for girls and boys, respectively. Their median beta-carotene intake was 1857 (IQR 1250) mu g/d, without significant difference between girls and boys. Belgian women and men have a median plant sterol intake of 218 (IQR 113) and 280 (IQR 158) mg/d, respectively, and a median beta-carotene intake of 2086 (IQR 1254) mu g/d (not significantly different between the sexes). The main food source of naturally occurring plant sterols was bread and other cereal products. For beta-carotene, the main food source was vegetables.
Keywords
CHOLESTEROL, ENERGY-INTAKE, FOOD, NETHERLANDS, POPULATION, SWEDEN, COHORT, LEVEL, DIET, Plant sterols, beta-Carotene, Dietary intake, Food sources

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Chicago
Sioen, Isabelle, Christophe Matthys, Inge Huybrechts, John Van Camp, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2011. “Consumption of Plant Sterols in Belgium: Estimated Intakes and Sources of Naturally Occurring Plant Sterols and Beta-carotene.” British Journal of Nutrition 105 (6): 960–966.
APA
Sioen, I., Matthys, C., Huybrechts, I., Van Camp, J., & De Henauw, S. (2011). Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: estimated intakes and sources of naturally occurring plant sterols and beta-carotene. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 105(6), 960–966.
Vancouver
1.
Sioen I, Matthys C, Huybrechts I, Van Camp J, De Henauw S. Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: estimated intakes and sources of naturally occurring plant sterols and beta-carotene. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2011;105(6):960–6.
MLA
Sioen, Isabelle, Christophe Matthys, Inge Huybrechts, et al. “Consumption of Plant Sterols in Belgium: Estimated Intakes and Sources of Naturally Occurring Plant Sterols and Beta-carotene.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 105.6 (2011): 960–966. Print.
@article{1230296,
  abstract     = {The objective of the present study was to assess the intake of naturally occurring plant sterols and beta-carotene via the overall diet of Belgian pre-school children and adults. Two different Belgian food consumption databases were used: (1) one with consumption data of pre-school children (2.5-6.5 years old) and (2) one with consumption data of adults ({\textrangle}= 15 years old). These consumption data were combined with a newly developed database containing the plant sterol and beta-carotene content in all relevant food items based on international food composition databases and scientific literature. The results show that Flemish pre-school children have a median plant sterol intake of 172 (interquartile range (IQR) = 47) and 184 (IQR = 52) mg/d for girls and boys, respectively. Their median beta-carotene intake was 1857 (IQR 1250) mu g/d, without significant difference between girls and boys. Belgian women and men have a median plant sterol intake of 218 (IQR 113) and 280 (IQR 158) mg/d, respectively, and a median beta-carotene intake of 2086 (IQR 1254) mu g/d (not significantly different between the sexes). The main food source of naturally occurring plant sterols was bread and other cereal products. For beta-carotene, the main food source was vegetables.},
  author       = {Sioen, Isabelle and Matthys, Christophe and Huybrechts, Inge and Van Camp, John and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {CHOLESTEROL,ENERGY-INTAKE,FOOD,NETHERLANDS,POPULATION,SWEDEN,COHORT,LEVEL,DIET,Plant sterols,beta-Carotene,Dietary intake,Food sources},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {960--966},
  title        = {Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: estimated intakes and sources of naturally occurring plant sterols and beta-carotene},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510004587},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2011},
}

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