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Sexual functioning in women using levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems as compared to copper intrauterine devices

(2012) JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE. 9(4). p.1065-1073
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Abstract
Introduction. There has been little research published on the impact of intrauterine contraceptive (IUC) methods on sexual functioning. Aims. This study aimed: (i) to assess different aspects of sexual functioning, including the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in women using a levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS); (ii) to compare this prevalence with that among copper-releasing intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) users; and (iii) to identify the relationship between psychological variables and sexual functioning in women using one of the aforementioned IUCs. Methods. In a multicenter cross-sectional study, 845 women with an IUC were invited to fill out a questionnaire. The latter was returned by 402 (48%) of them: 353 women were LNG-IUS users (88%) and 49 were Cu-IUD users (12%). The questions asked pertained to depression, well-being, marital relation quality, and sexual functioning. Main Outcome Measures. Sexual functioning was measured with the Short Sexual Functioning Scale. Results. One-third of LNG-IUS users (33%) reported a sexual dysfunction. Of those, 20% reported an increased sexual desire, 25% a decreased sexual desire, 5% arousal problems, and 8% orgasm problems. Women using a LNG-IUS did not differ significantly in distribution, type, or prevalence (32.9% vs. 36.7%) of sexual dysfunction, nor in depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory score; 4.7 vs. 3.9; P = 0.33), general well-being (WHO-5 well-being scale score; 16.8 vs. 17.7; P = 0.170), or partner relationship quality (Dyadic Adjustment Scale score; 107 vs. 108; P = 0.74) compared to Cu-IUD users. Overall, the perceived influence of IUCs on sexual functioning was in the lower range and did not differentiate LNG-IUS greatly from Cu-IUD-users. Conclusion. Women using a LNG-IUS do not differ from those wearing a Cu-IUD with regard to psychological and sexual functioning. The perceived impact of IUD use on sexuality should not be overestimated. Enzlin P, Weyers S, Janssens D, Poppe W, Eelen C, Pazmany E, Elaut E, and Amy J-J. Sexual functioning in women using levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems as compared to copper intrauterine devices.
Keywords
Cu-IUD, LNG-IUS, Sexual Dysfunction, Psychology, Partner Relation, Reversible, Nonpermanent Contraception, ENDOMETRIAL MORPHOLOGY, ORAL-CONTRACEPTIVES, DYADIC ADJUSTMENT, BIRTH-CONTROL, FOLLOW-UP, SATISFACTION, MENORRHAGIA, POPULATION, PREDICTORS

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Chicago
Enzlin, Paul, Steven Weyers, Dirk Janssens, Willy Poppe, Christa Eelen, Els Pazmany, ELS ELAUT, and Jean-Jacques Amy. 2012. “Sexual Functioning in Women Using Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine Systems as Compared to Copper Intrauterine Devices.” Journal of Sexual Medicine 9 (4): 1065–1073.
APA
Enzlin, P., Weyers, S., Janssens, D., Poppe, W., Eelen, C., Pazmany, E., ELAUT, E., et al. (2012). Sexual functioning in women using levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems as compared to copper intrauterine devices. JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE, 9(4), 1065–1073.
Vancouver
1.
Enzlin P, Weyers S, Janssens D, Poppe W, Eelen C, Pazmany E, et al. Sexual functioning in women using levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems as compared to copper intrauterine devices. JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE. 2012;9(4):1065–73.
MLA
Enzlin, Paul, Steven Weyers, Dirk Janssens, et al. “Sexual Functioning in Women Using Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine Systems as Compared to Copper Intrauterine Devices.” JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE 9.4 (2012): 1065–1073. Print.
@article{1227937,
  abstract     = {Introduction. There has been little research published on the impact of intrauterine contraceptive (IUC) methods on sexual functioning. 
Aims. This study aimed: (i) to assess different aspects of sexual functioning, including the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in women using a levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS); (ii) to compare this prevalence with that among copper-releasing intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) users; and (iii) to identify the relationship between psychological variables and sexual functioning in women using one of the aforementioned IUCs. 
Methods. In a multicenter cross-sectional study, 845 women with an IUC were invited to fill out a questionnaire. The latter was returned by 402 (48\%) of them: 353 women were LNG-IUS users (88\%) and 49 were Cu-IUD users (12\%). The questions asked pertained to depression, well-being, marital relation quality, and sexual functioning. 
Main Outcome Measures. Sexual functioning was measured with the Short Sexual Functioning Scale. 
Results. One-third of LNG-IUS users (33\%) reported a sexual dysfunction. Of those, 20\% reported an increased sexual desire, 25\% a decreased sexual desire, 5\% arousal problems, and 8\% orgasm problems. Women using a LNG-IUS did not differ significantly in distribution, type, or prevalence (32.9\% vs. 36.7\%) of sexual dysfunction, nor in depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory score; 4.7 vs. 3.9; P = 0.33), general well-being (WHO-5 well-being scale score; 16.8 vs. 17.7; P = 0.170), or partner relationship quality (Dyadic Adjustment Scale score; 107 vs. 108; P = 0.74) compared to Cu-IUD users. Overall, the perceived influence of IUCs on sexual functioning was in the lower range and did not differentiate LNG-IUS greatly from Cu-IUD-users. 
Conclusion. Women using a LNG-IUS do not differ from those wearing a Cu-IUD with regard to psychological and sexual functioning. The perceived impact of IUD use on sexuality should not be overestimated. Enzlin P, Weyers S, Janssens D, Poppe W, Eelen C, Pazmany E, Elaut E, and Amy J-J. Sexual functioning in women using levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems as compared to copper intrauterine devices.},
  author       = {Enzlin, Paul and Weyers, Steven and Janssens, Dirk and Poppe, Willy and Eelen, Christa and Pazmany, Els and Elaut, Els and Amy, Jean-Jacques},
  issn         = {1743-6095},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {Cu-IUD,LNG-IUS,Sexual Dysfunction,Psychology,Partner Relation,Reversible,Nonpermanent Contraception,ENDOMETRIAL MORPHOLOGY,ORAL-CONTRACEPTIVES,DYADIC ADJUSTMENT,BIRTH-CONTROL,FOLLOW-UP,SATISFACTION,MENORRHAGIA,POPULATION,PREDICTORS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1065--1073},
  title        = {Sexual functioning in women using levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems as compared to copper intrauterine devices},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02266.x},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2012},
}

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