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The use of bulk tank milk ELISAs to assess the spatio-­temporal distribution of helminths in dairy cattle

Sita Bennema (UGent)
(2011)
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Abstract
Helminth infections in adult cattle are an important and often neglected cause of economic losses. In chapter 1, regional differences in the levels of exposure to Fasciola hepatica and gastrointestinal (GI) nematodes in Western Europe and the factors affecting their epidemiology were discussed. Country-level differences in the levels of exposure to F. hepatica and GI nematodes have been reported in Western Europe, creating a need for regionally adapted control measures. However, the extent of the regional differences is poorly known as they were assessed by unstandardized studies and diagnostic methods. The epidemiology of F. hepatica and GI nematodes is affected by climatic, environmental and herd management factors. Climate changes and recent evolutions in cattle farming methods are expected to alter these factors and thus also influence the infection risk with helminths. However, their relative importance is poorly understood and detection of altering infection patterns will require monitoring of the spatial distribution and the seasonality of the infections. Spatial distribution and forecasting models for helminth parasites may provide a means to study the importance of different risk factors and detect altering infection patterns.

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Chicago
Bennema, Sita. 2011. “The Use of Bulk Tank Milk ELISAs to Assess the Spatio-­temporal Distribution of Helminths in Dairy Cattle”. Merelbeke, Belgium: Ghent University. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
APA
Bennema, S. (2011). The use of bulk tank milk ELISAs to assess the spatio-­temporal distribution of helminths in dairy cattle. Ghent University. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Merelbeke, Belgium.
Vancouver
1.
Bennema S. The use of bulk tank milk ELISAs to assess the spatio-­temporal distribution of helminths in dairy cattle. [Merelbeke, Belgium]: Ghent University. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; 2011.
MLA
Bennema, Sita. “The Use of Bulk Tank Milk ELISAs to Assess the Spatio-­temporal Distribution of Helminths in Dairy Cattle.” 2011 : n. pag. Print.
@phdthesis{1227317,
  abstract     = {Helminth infections in adult cattle are an important and often neglected cause of economic losses. In chapter 1, regional differences in the levels of exposure to Fasciola hepatica and gastrointestinal (GI) nematodes in Western Europe and the factors affecting their epidemiology were discussed. Country-level differences in the levels of exposure to F. hepatica and GI nematodes have been reported in Western Europe, creating a need for regionally adapted control measures. However, the extent of the regional differences is poorly known as they were assessed by unstandardized studies and diagnostic methods. The epidemiology of F. hepatica and GI nematodes is affected by climatic, environmental and herd management factors. Climate changes and recent evolutions in cattle farming methods are expected to alter these factors and thus also influence the infection risk with helminths. However, their relative  importance is poorly understood and detection of altering infection patterns will require monitoring of the spatial distribution and the seasonality of the infections. Spatial distribution and forecasting models for helminth parasites may provide a means to study the importance of different risk factors and detect altering infection patterns.},
  author       = {Bennema, Sita},
  isbn         = {9789058642516},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {159},
  publisher    = {Ghent University. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine},
  school       = {Ghent University},
  title        = {The use of bulk tank milk ELISAs to assess the spatio-\-temporal distribution of helminths in dairy cattle},
  year         = {2011},
}