Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Geostatistical assessment of the impact of World War I on the spatial occurrence of soil heavy metals

Eef Meerschman UGent, Liesbet Cockx UGent, Mohammad Monirul Islam UGent, Fun Meeuws UGent and Marc Van Meirvenne UGent (2011) AMBIO. 40(4). p.417-424
abstract
Previous research showed a regional Cu enrichment of 6 mg kg(-1) in the top soil of the Ypres war zone (Belgium), caused by corrosion of WWI shell fragments. Further research was required since in addition to Cu, also As, Pb, and Zn were used during the manufacturing of ammunition. Therefore, an additional data collection was conducted in which the initial Cu data set was tripled to 731 data points and extended to eight heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn) which permitted (1) to evaluate the environmental impact of the heavy metals at a regional scale and (2) to assess their regional spatial occurrence by performing an optimized geostatistical modeling. The results showed no pollution at a regional scale, but sometimes locally concentrations exceeded the soil sanitation threshold, especially for Cu, Pb, and Zn. The spatial patterns of Ni and Cr were related to variations in soil texture whereas the occurrences of Cu and Pb were clearly linked to WWI activities. This difference in spatial behavior was confirmed by an analysis of coregionalization.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Geostatistics, COPPER, Spatial variability, World War I, Soil heavy metals
journal title
AMBIO
Ambio
volume
40
issue
4
pages
417 - 424
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000289791700008
JCR category
ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL
JCR impact factor
2.025 (2011)
JCR rank
15/44 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-010-0104-6
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1225388
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1225388
date created
2011-05-17 14:07:14
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:34:23
@article{1225388,
  abstract     = {Previous research showed a regional Cu enrichment of 6 mg kg(-1) in the top soil of the Ypres war zone (Belgium), caused by corrosion of WWI shell fragments. Further research was required since in addition to Cu, also As, Pb, and Zn were used during the manufacturing of ammunition. Therefore, an additional data collection was conducted in which the initial Cu data set was tripled to 731 data points and extended to eight heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn) which permitted (1) to evaluate the environmental impact of the heavy metals at a regional scale and (2) to assess their regional spatial occurrence by performing an optimized geostatistical modeling. The results showed no pollution at a regional scale, but sometimes locally concentrations exceeded the soil sanitation threshold, especially for Cu, Pb, and Zn. The spatial patterns of Ni and Cr were related to variations in soil texture whereas the occurrences of Cu and Pb were clearly linked to WWI activities. This difference in spatial behavior was confirmed by an analysis of coregionalization.},
  author       = {Meerschman, Eef and Cockx, Liesbet and Islam, Mohammad Monirul and Meeuws, Fun and Van Meirvenne, Marc},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  journal      = {AMBIO},
  keyword      = {Geostatistics,COPPER,Spatial variability,World War I,Soil heavy metals},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {417--424},
  title        = {Geostatistical assessment of the impact of World War I on the spatial occurrence of soil heavy metals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0104-6},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Meerschman, Eef, Liesbet Cockx, Mohammad Monirul Islam, Fun Meeuws, and Marc Van Meirvenne. 2011. “Geostatistical Assessment of the Impact of World War I on the Spatial Occurrence of Soil Heavy Metals.” Ambio 40 (4): 417–424.
APA
Meerschman, E., Cockx, L., Islam, M. M., Meeuws, F., & Van Meirvenne, M. (2011). Geostatistical assessment of the impact of World War I on the spatial occurrence of soil heavy metals. AMBIO, 40(4), 417–424.
Vancouver
1.
Meerschman E, Cockx L, Islam MM, Meeuws F, Van Meirvenne M. Geostatistical assessment of the impact of World War I on the spatial occurrence of soil heavy metals. AMBIO. 2011;40(4):417–24.
MLA
Meerschman, Eef, Liesbet Cockx, Mohammad Monirul Islam, et al. “Geostatistical Assessment of the Impact of World War I on the Spatial Occurrence of Soil Heavy Metals.” AMBIO 40.4 (2011): 417–424. Print.