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Quantitative analysis of saline transport and crystallization damage in porous limestone visualized by neutron and X-ray imaging

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Abstract
This article presents coupled data on saline transport, pore filling due to salt crystallization and resulting salt damage in Savonnières limestone. This is achieved by combining the non-destructive techniques of neutron radiography - for transport imaging - and X-ray microtomography - for pore structure and fracture visualization – applied to the same sample when subjecting it to consecutive wetting-drying cycles. Capillary uptake of water, 1.4m sodium sulfate and 5.8m sodium chloride solutions is studied at 25°C. An important decrease of the penetration coefficient for the salt solutions compared to water is found. Halite crystallization fronts are located based on neutron radiographs of the dried samples. Porosity analysis of the X-ray tomographic datasets quantifies pore filling at the position of the crystallization front. The damaging character of the salts is assessed from these datasets too. Only the sodium chloride wetted samples show fractures under the specific test conditions used (drying at 40°C).
Keywords
X-ray tomography, pore filling, neutron radiography, crystallization damage, saline transport

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Chicago
Derluyn, Hannelore, Michele Griffa, David Mannes, Iwan Jerjen, Jan Dewanckele, Peter Vontobel, Dominique Derome, Veerle Cnudde, Eberhard Lehmann, and Jan Carmeliet. 2011. “Quantitative Analysis of Saline Transport and Crystallization Damage in Porous Limestone Visualized by Neutron and X-ray Imaging.” In Proceedings SWBSS 2011 : Salt Weathering on Buildings and Stone Sculptures, ed. I Ioannou and M Theodoridou, 47–54. Nicosia, Cyprus: EasyConferences.
APA
Derluyn, H., Griffa, M., Mannes, D., Jerjen, I., Dewanckele, J., Vontobel, P., Derome, D., et al. (2011). Quantitative analysis of saline transport and crystallization damage in porous limestone visualized by neutron and X-ray imaging. In I. Ioannou & M. Theodoridou (Eds.), Proceedings SWBSS 2011 : salt weathering on buildings and stone sculptures (pp. 47–54). Presented at the Salt Weathering on Buildings and Stone Sculptures (SWBSS 2011), Nicosia, Cyprus: EasyConferences.
Vancouver
1.
Derluyn H, Griffa M, Mannes D, Jerjen I, Dewanckele J, Vontobel P, et al. Quantitative analysis of saline transport and crystallization damage in porous limestone visualized by neutron and X-ray imaging. In: Ioannou I, Theodoridou M, editors. Proceedings SWBSS 2011 : salt weathering on buildings and stone sculptures. Nicosia, Cyprus: EasyConferences; 2011. p. 47–54.
MLA
Derluyn, Hannelore, Michele Griffa, David Mannes, et al. “Quantitative Analysis of Saline Transport and Crystallization Damage in Porous Limestone Visualized by Neutron and X-ray Imaging.” Proceedings SWBSS 2011 : Salt Weathering on Buildings and Stone Sculptures. Ed. I Ioannou & M Theodoridou. Nicosia, Cyprus: EasyConferences, 2011. 47–54. Print.
@inproceedings{1219593,
  abstract     = {This article presents coupled data on saline transport, pore filling due to salt crystallization and resulting salt damage in Savonni{\`e}res limestone. This is achieved by combining the non-destructive techniques of neutron radiography - for transport imaging - and X-ray microtomography - for pore structure and fracture visualization -- applied to the same sample when subjecting it to consecutive wetting-drying cycles. Capillary uptake of water, 1.4m sodium sulfate and 5.8m sodium chloride solutions is studied at 25{\textdegree}C. An important decrease of the penetration coefficient for the salt solutions compared to water is found. Halite crystallization fronts are located based on neutron radiographs of the dried samples. Porosity analysis of the X-ray tomographic datasets quantifies pore filling at the position of the crystallization front. The damaging character of the salts is assessed from these datasets too. Only the sodium chloride wetted samples show fractures under the specific test conditions used (drying at 40{\textdegree}C).},
  author       = {Derluyn, Hannelore and Griffa, Michele and Mannes, David and Jerjen, Iwan and Dewanckele, Jan and Vontobel, Peter and Derome, Dominique and Cnudde, Veerle and Lehmann, Eberhard and Carmeliet, Jan},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings SWBSS 2011 : salt weathering on buildings and stone sculptures},
  editor       = {Ioannou, I and Theodoridou, M},
  keyword      = {X-ray tomography,pore filling,neutron radiography,crystallization damage,saline transport},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Limassol, Cyprus},
  pages        = {47--54},
  publisher    = {EasyConferences},
  title        = {Quantitative analysis of saline transport and crystallization damage in porous limestone visualized by neutron and X-ray imaging},
  year         = {2011},
}