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Alternative laboratory technique to monitor the effect of cementing additives on clay for cut-off walls

Daniel Verastegui (UGent) and Gemmina Di Emidio (UGent)
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Abstract
Low permeability cut-off walls are regularly employed for groundwater and pollution control. In Europe, they are usually built out of cement-bentonite slurries. Generally, bentonite-cement slurries are studied in the laboratory to evaluate its strength, hydraulic conductivity and chemical compatibility. In this study, a nondestructive technique is proposed as an alternative method to monitor the hardening of clay treated with cementing additives. The technique makes use of bender elements to measure the shear wave velocity and the small-strain shear modulus (G0). Bender elements were installed in a flexible-wall hydraulic conductivity cell, so that G0 as well as the hydraulic conductivity of a single sample could be monitored versus time. Experimental work was carried out on cemented kaolin clay using Portland cement. Monitoring of G0 was shown to provide valuable additional information to study the stiffening of cemented clay.
Keywords
hydraulic conductivity, clay, cement, cut-off wall, stiffness, bender elements

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Verastegui Flores, Ramiro, and Gemmina Di Emidio. 2011. “Alternative Laboratory Technique to Monitor the Effect of Cementing Additives on Clay for Cut-off Walls.” In Geotechnical Special Publication, ed. Jie Han and Daniel E Alzamora, 211:967–975. Dallas, TX, USA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).
APA
Verastegui Flores, R., & Di Emidio, G. (2011). Alternative laboratory technique to monitor the effect of cementing additives on clay for cut-off walls. In J. Han & D. E. Alzamora (Eds.), Geotechnical Special Publication (Vol. 211, pp. 967–975). Presented at the Geo-Frontiers 2011 : Advances in geotechnical engineering, Dallas, TX, USA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).
Vancouver
1.
Verastegui Flores R, Di Emidio G. Alternative laboratory technique to monitor the effect of cementing additives on clay for cut-off walls. In: Han J, Alzamora DE, editors. Geotechnical Special Publication. Dallas, TX, USA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); 2011. p. 967–75.
MLA
Verastegui Flores, Ramiro, and Gemmina Di Emidio. “Alternative Laboratory Technique to Monitor the Effect of Cementing Additives on Clay for Cut-off Walls.” Geotechnical Special Publication. Ed. Jie Han & Daniel E Alzamora. Vol. 211. Dallas, TX, USA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2011. 967–975. Print.
@inproceedings{1217781,
  abstract     = {Low permeability cut-off walls are regularly employed for groundwater and pollution control. In Europe, they are usually built out of cement-bentonite slurries. Generally, bentonite-cement slurries are studied in the laboratory to evaluate its strength, hydraulic conductivity and chemical compatibility. In this study, a nondestructive technique is proposed as an alternative method to monitor the hardening of clay treated with cementing additives. The technique makes use of bender elements to measure the shear wave velocity and the small-strain shear modulus (G0). Bender elements were installed in a flexible-wall hydraulic conductivity cell, so that G0 as well as the hydraulic conductivity of a single sample could be monitored versus time. Experimental work was carried out on cemented kaolin clay using Portland cement. Monitoring of G0 was shown to provide valuable additional information to study the stiffening of cemented clay.},
  author       = {Verastegui, Daniel and Di Emidio, Gemmina},
  booktitle    = {Geotechnical Special Publication},
  editor       = {Han, Jie and Alzamora, Daniel E},
  isbn         = {9780784411650},
  keyword      = {hydraulic conductivity,clay,cement,cut-off wall,stiffness,bender elements},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Dallas, TX, USA},
  pages        = {967--975},
  publisher    = {American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)},
  title        = {Alternative laboratory technique to monitor the effect of cementing additives on clay for cut-off walls},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41165(397)99},
  volume       = {211},
  year         = {2011},
}

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