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Opening closed minds: the combined effects of intergroup contact and need for closure on prejudice

Kristof Dhont (UGent) , Arne Roets (UGent) and Alain Van Hiel (UGent)
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Abstract
Five studies tested whether Need for Closure (NFC) moderates the relationship between intergroup contact and prejudice toward immigrants. The results consistently showed that intergroup contact was more strongly associated with reduced levels of prejudice among people high in NFC compared to people low in NFC. Studies 1 (N = 138 students) and 2 (N = 294 adults) demonstrated this moderator effect on subtle, modern, and blatant racism. Study 2 also replicated the moderator effect for extended contact. An experimental field study (Study 3; N = 60 students) provided evidence of the causal direction of the moderator effect. Finally, Studies 4 (N = 125 students) and 5 (N = 135 adults) identified intergroup anxiety as the mediator through which the moderator effect influences modern and blatant racism as well as hostile tendencies toward immigrants. The role of motivated cognition in the relationship between intergroup contact and prejudice is discussed.
Keywords
intergroup anxiety, CONSERVATIVE BELIEFS, racism, NORTHERN-IRELAND, MEDIATING ROLE, ANXIETY, ATTITUDES, AUTHORITARIANISM, RACISM, prejudice, intergroup contact, need for closure, CROSS-GROUP FRIENDSHIPS, STATUS-BASED REJECTION, SOCIAL-DOMINANCE ORIENTATION

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Citation

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Chicago
Dhont, Kristof, Arne Roets, and Alain Van Hiel. 2011. “Opening Closed Minds: The Combined Effects of Intergroup Contact and Need for Closure on Prejudice.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 37 (4): 514–528.
APA
Dhont, Kristof, Roets, A., & Van Hiel, A. (2011). Opening closed minds: the combined effects of intergroup contact and need for closure on prejudice. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 37(4), 514–528.
Vancouver
1.
Dhont K, Roets A, Van Hiel A. Opening closed minds: the combined effects of intergroup contact and need for closure on prejudice. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN. 2011;37(4):514–28.
MLA
Dhont, Kristof, Arne Roets, and Alain Van Hiel. “Opening Closed Minds: The Combined Effects of Intergroup Contact and Need for Closure on Prejudice.” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN 37.4 (2011): 514–528. Print.
@article{1215862,
  abstract     = {Five studies tested whether Need for Closure (NFC) moderates the relationship between intergroup contact and prejudice toward immigrants. The results consistently showed that intergroup contact was more strongly associated with reduced levels of prejudice among people high in NFC compared to people low in NFC. Studies 1 (N = 138 students) and 2 (N = 294 adults) demonstrated this moderator effect on subtle, modern, and blatant racism. Study 2 also replicated the moderator effect for extended contact. An experimental field study (Study 3; N = 60 students) provided evidence of the causal direction of the moderator effect. Finally, Studies 4 (N = 125 students) and 5 (N = 135 adults) identified intergroup anxiety as the mediator through which the moderator effect influences modern and blatant racism as well as hostile tendencies toward immigrants. The role of motivated cognition in the relationship between intergroup contact and prejudice is discussed.},
  author       = {Dhont, Kristof and Roets, Arne and Van Hiel, Alain},
  issn         = {0146-1672},
  journal      = {PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN},
  keyword      = {intergroup anxiety,CONSERVATIVE BELIEFS,racism,NORTHERN-IRELAND,MEDIATING ROLE,ANXIETY,ATTITUDES,AUTHORITARIANISM,RACISM,prejudice,intergroup contact,need for closure,CROSS-GROUP FRIENDSHIPS,STATUS-BASED REJECTION,SOCIAL-DOMINANCE ORIENTATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {514--528},
  title        = {Opening closed minds: the combined effects of intergroup contact and need for closure on prejudice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167211399101},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2011},
}

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