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A control strategy for Islanded microgrids with dc-link voltage control

Tine Vandoorn (UGent) , Bart Meersman (UGent) , Lieven Degroote (UGent) , Bert Renders (UGent) and Lieven Vandevelde (UGent)
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Abstract
New opportunities for optimally integrating the increasing number of distributed generation (DG) units in the power system rise with the introduction of the microgrid. Most DG units are connected to the microgrid via a power-electronic inverter with dc-link. Therefore, new control methods for these inverters need to be developed in order to exploit the DG units as effectively as possible in case of an islanded microgrid. In literature, most control strategies are based on the conventional transmission grid control or depend on a communication infrastructure. In this paper on the other hand, an alternative control strategy is proposed based on the specific characteristics of islanded low-voltage microgrids. The microgrid power is balanced by using a control strategy that modifies the set value of the rms microgrid voltage at the inverter ac-side as a function of the dc-link voltage. In case a certain voltage, which is determined by a constant-power band, is surpassed, this control strategy is combined with P/V-droop control. This droop controller changes the output power of the DG unit and its possible storage devices as a function of the grid voltage. In this way, voltage limit violation is avoided. The constant-power band is dependent on the characteristics of the generator to avoid frequent changes of the power of certain DG units. In this paper, it is concluded that the new control method shows good results in power sharing, transient issues and stability. This is achieved without inter-unit communication, which is beneficial concerning reliability issues, and an optimized integration of the renewable energy sources in the microgrid is obtained.
Keywords
voltage-source inverter, P/V-droop, distributed generation, dc-link voltage control, microgrid, power sharing

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MLA
Vandoorn, Tine, et al. “A Control Strategy for Islanded Microgrids with Dc-Link Voltage Control.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, vol. 26, no. 2, 2011, pp. 703–13, doi:10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2095044.
APA
Vandoorn, T., Meersman, B., Degroote, L., Renders, B., & Vandevelde, L. (2011). A control strategy for Islanded microgrids with dc-link voltage control. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, 26(2), 703–713. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2095044
Chicago author-date
Vandoorn, Tine, Bart Meersman, Lieven Degroote, Bert Renders, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2011. “A Control Strategy for Islanded Microgrids with Dc-Link Voltage Control.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY 26 (2): 703–13. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2095044.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vandoorn, Tine, Bart Meersman, Lieven Degroote, Bert Renders, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2011. “A Control Strategy for Islanded Microgrids with Dc-Link Voltage Control.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY 26 (2): 703–713. doi:10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2095044.
Vancouver
1.
Vandoorn T, Meersman B, Degroote L, Renders B, Vandevelde L. A control strategy for Islanded microgrids with dc-link voltage control. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY. 2011;26(2):703–13.
IEEE
[1]
T. Vandoorn, B. Meersman, L. Degroote, B. Renders, and L. Vandevelde, “A control strategy for Islanded microgrids with dc-link voltage control,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 703–713, 2011.
@article{1213631,
  abstract     = {{New opportunities for optimally integrating the increasing number of distributed generation (DG) units in the power system rise with the introduction of the microgrid. Most DG units are connected to the microgrid via a power-electronic inverter with dc-link. Therefore, new control methods for these inverters need to be developed in order to exploit the DG units as effectively as possible in case of an islanded microgrid. In literature, most control strategies are based on the conventional transmission grid control or depend on a communication infrastructure.  In this paper on the other hand, an alternative control strategy is proposed based on the specific characteristics of islanded low-voltage microgrids. The microgrid power is balanced by using a control strategy that modifies the set value of the rms microgrid voltage at the inverter ac-side as a function of the dc-link voltage. 
In case a certain voltage, which is determined by a constant-power band, is surpassed, this control strategy is combined with P/V-droop control. This droop controller changes the output power of the DG unit and its possible storage devices as a function of the grid voltage. In this way, voltage limit violation is avoided. The constant-power band is dependent on the characteristics of the generator to avoid frequent changes of the power of certain DG units. 
In this paper, it is concluded that the new control method shows good results in power sharing, transient issues and stability. This is achieved without inter-unit communication, which is beneficial concerning reliability issues, and an optimized integration of the renewable energy sources in the microgrid is obtained.}},
  author       = {{Vandoorn, Tine and Meersman, Bart and Degroote, Lieven and Renders, Bert and Vandevelde, Lieven}},
  issn         = {{0885-8977}},
  journal      = {{IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY}},
  keywords     = {{voltage-source inverter,P/V-droop,distributed generation,dc-link voltage control,microgrid,power sharing}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{703--713}},
  title        = {{A control strategy for Islanded microgrids with dc-link voltage control}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2095044}},
  volume       = {{26}},
  year         = {{2011}},
}

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