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Incongruency effects in affective processing: automatic motivational counter-regulation or mismatch-induced salience?

(2011) COGNITION & EMOTION. 25(3). p.413-425
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Abstract
Attention is automatically allocated to stimuli that are opposite in valence to the current motivational focus (Rothermund, 2003; Rothermund, Voss, Wentura, 2008). We tested whether this incongruency effect is due to affective-motivational counter-regulation or to an increased salience of stimuli that mismatch with cognitively activated information. Affective processing biases were assessed with a search task in which participants had to detect the spatial position at which a positive or negative stimulus was presented. In the motivational condition, positive or negative affective-motivational states were induced by performance feedback after each trial. In the cognitive activation condition, participants memorised the word ogoodo or obado during the search task. The affective incongruency effect was replicated in the motivational condition, whereas an affective congruency effect obtained in the cognitive activation condition. These findings support an explanation of affective incongruency effects in terms of automatic counter-regulation that is motivational in nature.
Keywords
ATTENTION-GRABBING POWER, Motivational control, Feedback, Goals, Positivity bias, Negativity bias, Affective processing biases, REPETITION BLINDNESS, SELECTIVE ATTENTION, SOCIAL INFORMATION, EMOTIONAL PICTURES, STIMULI, THREAT, INTERFERENCE, PERCEPTION, VISUAL WORKING-MEMORY, Motivation

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Citation

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MLA
Rothermund, Klaus, Anne Gast, and Dirk Wentura. “Incongruency Effects in Affective Processing: Automatic Motivational Counter-regulation or Mismatch-induced Salience?” COGNITION & EMOTION 25.3 (2011): 413–425. Print.
APA
Rothermund, K., Gast, A., & Wentura, D. (2011). Incongruency effects in affective processing: automatic motivational counter-regulation or mismatch-induced salience? COGNITION & EMOTION, 25(3), 413–425.
Chicago author-date
Rothermund, Klaus, Anne Gast, and Dirk Wentura. 2011. “Incongruency Effects in Affective Processing: Automatic Motivational Counter-regulation or Mismatch-induced Salience?” Cognition & Emotion 25 (3): 413–425.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Rothermund, Klaus, Anne Gast, and Dirk Wentura. 2011. “Incongruency Effects in Affective Processing: Automatic Motivational Counter-regulation or Mismatch-induced Salience?” Cognition & Emotion 25 (3): 413–425.
Vancouver
1.
Rothermund K, Gast A, Wentura D. Incongruency effects in affective processing: automatic motivational counter-regulation or mismatch-induced salience? COGNITION & EMOTION. 2011;25(3):413–25.
IEEE
[1]
K. Rothermund, A. Gast, and D. Wentura, “Incongruency effects in affective processing: automatic motivational counter-regulation or mismatch-induced salience?,” COGNITION & EMOTION, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 413–425, 2011.
@article{1213131,
  abstract     = {Attention is automatically allocated to stimuli that are opposite in valence to the current motivational focus (Rothermund, 2003; Rothermund, Voss, Wentura, 2008). We tested whether this incongruency effect is due to affective-motivational counter-regulation or to an increased salience of stimuli that mismatch with cognitively activated information. Affective processing biases were assessed with a search task in which participants had to detect the spatial position at which a positive or negative stimulus was presented. In the motivational condition, positive or negative affective-motivational states were induced by performance feedback after each trial. In the cognitive activation condition, participants memorised the word ogoodo or obado during the search task. The affective incongruency effect was replicated in the motivational condition, whereas an affective congruency effect obtained in the cognitive activation condition. These findings support an explanation of affective incongruency effects in terms of automatic counter-regulation that is motivational in nature.},
  author       = {Rothermund, Klaus and Gast, Anne and Wentura, Dirk},
  issn         = {0269-9931},
  journal      = {COGNITION & EMOTION},
  keywords     = {ATTENTION-GRABBING POWER,Motivational control,Feedback,Goals,Positivity bias,Negativity bias,Affective processing biases,REPETITION BLINDNESS,SELECTIVE ATTENTION,SOCIAL INFORMATION,EMOTIONAL PICTURES,STIMULI,THREAT,INTERFERENCE,PERCEPTION,VISUAL WORKING-MEMORY,Motivation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {413--425},
  title        = {Incongruency effects in affective processing: automatic motivational counter-regulation or mismatch-induced salience?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2010.537075},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2011},
}

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