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Abstract
Environmental degradation is increasingly causing large-scale migration. This paper looks into international labour migration as a strategy to adapt to a changing environment. Facilitating legal migration for persons affected by environmental degradation can prevent them from being forcibly displaced, can reduce their vulnerability to future environmental disruptions, and can contribute to the development of vulnerable communities. This paper analyses how ‘environmental migration’ could be facilitated, through a case study of the Colombian Temporary and Circular Labour Migration project. Through this innovative migration model, based on an agreement between Colombia and Spain, Colombians facing recurring natural disasters, are offered a livelihood alternative through temporary work abroad, while affected zones can recuperate. This programme, supported by the IOM, illustrates how a European member State can enable vulnerable people to migrate overseas by providing labour migration opportunities for selected beneficiaries. By supporting migrants in maximizing the impact of remittances on the recovery of their place of origin, the TCLM programme increases their resilience to natural disasters, and offers them an alternative to permanent and/or urban migration. The paper discusses the normative framework supporting the TCLM programme, and identifies some conditions for the replication of the programme in other states. The potential of the project for both development and adaptation to environmental changes is being considered.
Keywords
Development, Adaptation, Temporary migration, International migration, Environmental migration

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Chicago
de Moor, Nicole. 2011. “Temporary Labour Migration for Victims of Natural Disasters: The Columbia-Spain Model.” In Climate Change and Migration : Rethinking Policies for Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction, ed. Michelle Leighton, Xiaomeng Shen, and Koko Warner, 15:90–103. Bonn, Germany: United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS).
APA
de Moor, N. (2011). Temporary labour migration for victims of natural disasters: the Columbia-Spain model. In M. Leighton, X. Shen, & K. Warner (Eds.), Climate change and migration : rethinking policies for adaptation and disaster risk reduction (Vol. 15, pp. 90–103). Bonn, Germany: United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS).
Vancouver
1.
de Moor N. Temporary labour migration for victims of natural disasters: the Columbia-Spain model. In: Leighton M, Shen X, Warner K, editors. Climate change and migration : rethinking policies for adaptation and disaster risk reduction. Bonn, Germany: United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS); 2011. p. 90–103.
MLA
de Moor, Nicole. “Temporary Labour Migration for Victims of Natural Disasters: The Columbia-Spain Model.” Climate Change and Migration : Rethinking Policies for Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction. Ed. Michelle Leighton, Xiaomeng Shen, & Koko Warner. Vol. 15. Bonn, Germany: United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), 2011. 90–103. Print.
@incollection{1209019,
  abstract     = {Environmental degradation is increasingly causing large-scale migration. This paper looks into international labour migration as a strategy to adapt to a changing environment. Facilitating legal migration for persons affected by environmental degradation can prevent them from being forcibly displaced, can reduce their vulnerability to future environmental disruptions, and can contribute to the development of vulnerable communities. This paper analyses how ‘environmental migration’ could be facilitated, through a case study of the Colombian Temporary and Circular Labour Migration project. Through this innovative migration model, based on an agreement between Colombia and Spain, Colombians facing recurring natural disasters, are offered a livelihood alternative through temporary work abroad, while affected zones can recuperate. This programme, supported by the IOM, illustrates how a European member State can enable vulnerable people to migrate overseas by providing labour migration opportunities for selected beneficiaries. By supporting migrants in maximizing the impact of remittances on the recovery of their place of origin, the TCLM programme increases their resilience to natural disasters, and offers them an alternative to permanent and/or urban migration. The paper discusses the normative framework supporting the TCLM programme, and identifies some conditions for the replication of the programme in other states. The potential of the project for both development and adaptation to environmental changes is being considered.},
  author       = {de Moor, Nicole},
  booktitle    = {Climate change and migration : rethinking policies for adaptation and disaster risk reduction},
  editor       = {Leighton, Michelle and Shen, Xiaomeng and Warner, Koko},
  isbn         = {9783939923503},
  issn         = {1816-1154},
  keywords     = {Development,Adaptation,Temporary migration,International migration,Environmental migration},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {90--103},
  publisher    = {United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)},
  series       = {SOURCE : 'Studies of the University : Research, Counsel, Education' : Publication Series of UNU-EHS},
  title        = {Temporary labour migration for victims of natural disasters: the Columbia-Spain model},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2011},
}