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Clear-felling effects on colonization rates of shade-tolerant forest herbs into a post-agricultural forest adjacent to ancient forest

Luc De Keersmaeker UGent, Kris Vandekerkhove UGent, Arne Verstraeten, Lander Baeten UGent, Pieter Verschelde, Arno Thomaes UGent, Martin Hermy UGent and Kris Verheyen UGent (2011) APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE. 14(1). p.75-83
abstract
Question: Does clear-felling influence forest herb colonization into post-agricultural forest? Location: A stand of poplar cultivars with a dense understorey of Acer pseudoplatanus in Muizen forest (northern Belgium), planted in 1952 on farmland adjacent to ancient forest and clear-felled in 1997. Methods: Shade-tolerant forest herbs were surveyed in 112 grid-based sample plots: just before clear-felling, and 5 and 10 yr afterwards. Shade-tolerant herbs were subdivided into ancient forest species (AFS) and other shade-tolerant species (OSS). Effects of clear-felling on species number per plot, total cover per plot and colonization rate of species groups were compared using non-parametrical tests. Species number per plot was modelled by means of generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), with inventory time, distance to the nearest parcel edge, and cover of light-loving species (LS) as explanatory variables. The C-S-R signature (competitive, stress-tolerant and ruderal strategies, respectively) shift of sample plots was calculated on the selected shade-tolerant species. Results: Frequency of most species increased during the 10-yr period. Number of OSS increased more and faster than that of AFS. OSS increased to the level of the adjacent forest, but was lower where LS cover remained high. There was a positive correlation between the change of the colonization rate and the competitive plant strategy. Conclusions: We assume that clear-felling stimulated generative reproduction of shade-tolerant herbs, whereas quickly emerging woody species controlled competitive exclusion by LS. Succession of dark and light phases, such as provided by an understorey managed as a coppice, could promote colonization of shade-tolerant herbs into post-agricultural forest.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Clearcutting, Ellenberg indicator value for light, SEED, IMPACT, BELGIUM, DYNAMICS, RESPONSES, MIGRATION, VEGETATION, WOODLAND, GROUND FLORA, FIELD-LAYER, Herbaceous layer, Plant species migration, Populus x canadensis, Secondary succession
journal title
APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE
Appl. Veg. Sci.
volume
14
issue
1
pages
75 - 83
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000286207100008
JCR category
FORESTRY
JCR impact factor
1.678 (2011)
JCR rank
15/59 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
1402-2001
DOI
10.1111/j.1654-109X.2010.01101.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1208896
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1208896
date created
2011-04-14 11:58:53
date last changed
2011-05-04 12:56:26
@article{1208896,
  abstract     = {Question: Does clear-felling influence forest herb colonization into post-agricultural forest? Location: A stand of poplar cultivars with a dense understorey of Acer pseudoplatanus in Muizen forest (northern Belgium), planted in 1952 on farmland adjacent to ancient forest and clear-felled in 1997. Methods: Shade-tolerant forest herbs were surveyed in 112 grid-based sample plots: just before clear-felling, and 5 and 10 yr afterwards. Shade-tolerant herbs were subdivided into ancient forest species (AFS) and other shade-tolerant species (OSS). Effects of clear-felling on species number per plot, total cover per plot and colonization rate of species groups were compared using non-parametrical tests. Species number per plot was modelled by means of generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), with inventory time, distance to the nearest parcel edge, and cover of light-loving species (LS) as explanatory variables. The C-S-R signature (competitive, stress-tolerant and ruderal strategies, respectively) shift of sample plots was calculated on the selected shade-tolerant species.
Results: Frequency of most species increased during the 10-yr period. Number of OSS increased more and faster than that of AFS. OSS increased to the level of the adjacent forest, but was lower where LS cover remained high. There was a positive correlation between the change of the colonization rate and the competitive plant strategy. Conclusions: We assume that clear-felling stimulated generative reproduction of shade-tolerant herbs, whereas quickly emerging woody species controlled competitive exclusion by LS. Succession of dark and light phases, such as provided by an understorey managed as a coppice, could promote colonization of shade-tolerant herbs into post-agricultural forest.},
  author       = {De Keersmaeker, Luc and Vandekerkhove, Kris and Verstraeten, Arne and Baeten, Lander and Verschelde, Pieter and Thomaes, Arno and Hermy, Martin and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {1402-2001},
  journal      = {APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {Clearcutting,Ellenberg indicator value for light,SEED,IMPACT,BELGIUM,DYNAMICS,RESPONSES,MIGRATION,VEGETATION,WOODLAND,GROUND FLORA,FIELD-LAYER,Herbaceous layer,Plant species migration,Populus x canadensis,Secondary succession},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {75--83},
  title        = {Clear-felling effects on colonization rates of shade-tolerant forest herbs into a post-agricultural forest adjacent to ancient forest},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2010.01101.x},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
De Keersmaeker, Luc, Kris Vandekerkhove, Arne Verstraeten, Lander Baeten, Pieter Verschelde, Arno Thomaes, Martin Hermy, and Kris Verheyen. 2011. “Clear-felling Effects on Colonization Rates of Shade-tolerant Forest Herbs into a Post-agricultural Forest Adjacent to Ancient Forest.” Applied Vegetation Science 14 (1): 75–83.
APA
De Keersmaeker, Luc, Vandekerkhove, K., Verstraeten, A., Baeten, L., Verschelde, P., Thomaes, A., Hermy, M., et al. (2011). Clear-felling effects on colonization rates of shade-tolerant forest herbs into a post-agricultural forest adjacent to ancient forest. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE, 14(1), 75–83.
Vancouver
1.
De Keersmaeker L, Vandekerkhove K, Verstraeten A, Baeten L, Verschelde P, Thomaes A, et al. Clear-felling effects on colonization rates of shade-tolerant forest herbs into a post-agricultural forest adjacent to ancient forest. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE. 2011;14(1):75–83.
MLA
De Keersmaeker, Luc, Kris Vandekerkhove, Arne Verstraeten, et al. “Clear-felling Effects on Colonization Rates of Shade-tolerant Forest Herbs into a Post-agricultural Forest Adjacent to Ancient Forest.” APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE 14.1 (2011): 75–83. Print.