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Plant and animal protein intake and its association with overweight and obesity among the Belgian population

(2011) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 105(7). p.1106-1116
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Abstract
The objective of the present study was to assess animal and plant protein intakes in the Belgian population and to examine their relationship with overweight and obesity (OB). The subjects participated in the Belgian National Food Consumption Survey conducted in 2004. Food consumption was assessed by using two non-consecutive 24 h dietary recalls. About 3083 participants (>= 15 years of age; 1546 males, 1537 females) provided completed dietary information. Animal protein intake (47 g/d) contributed more to total protein intakes of 72 g/d than plant protein intake, which accounted for 25 g/d. Meat and meat products were the main contributors to total animal protein intakes (53%), whereas cereals and cereal products contributed most to plant protein intake (54%). Males had higher animal and plant protein intakes than females (P < 0.001). Legume and soya protein intakes were low in the whole population (0.101 and 0.174 g/d, respectively). In males, animal protein intake was positively associated with BMI (beta = 0.013; P = 0.001) and waist circumference (WC; beta = 0.041; P = 0.002). Both in males and females, plant protein intake was inversely associated with BMI (males: beta = -0.036; P < 0.001; females: beta = -0.046; P = 0.001) and WC (male: beta = -0.137; P < 0.001; female: beta = -0.096; P = 0.024). In conclusion, plant protein intakes were lower than animal protein intakes among a representative sample of the Belgian population and decreased with age. Associations with anthropometric data indicated that plant proteins could offer a protective effect in the prevention of overweight and OB in the Belgian population.
Keywords
WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE, WEIGHT-LOSS, CONTROLLED CLINICAL-TRIAL, SOY PROTEIN, ENERGY RESTRICTION, INSULIN SENSITIVITY, POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN, Waist circumference, Obesity, Animal protein, BMI, Plant protein, BODY-COMPOSITION, PLASMA-LIPIDS, BLOOD-PRESSURE

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MLA
Lin, Yi, Selin Bolca, Stefanie Vandevijvere, et al. “Plant and Animal Protein Intake and Its Association with Overweight and Obesity Among the Belgian Population.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 105.7 (2011): 1106–1116. Print.
APA
Lin, Y., Bolca, S., Vandevijvere, S., De Vriese, S., Mouratidou, T., De Neve, M., Polet, A., et al. (2011). Plant and animal protein intake and its association with overweight and obesity among the Belgian population. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 105(7), 1106–1116.
Chicago author-date
Lin, Yi, Selin Bolca, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Stephanie De Vriese, Theodora Mouratidou, Melissa De Neve, Anja Polet, et al. 2011. “Plant and Animal Protein Intake and Its Association with Overweight and Obesity Among the Belgian Population.” British Journal of Nutrition 105 (7): 1106–1116.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lin, Yi, Selin Bolca, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Stephanie De Vriese, Theodora Mouratidou, Melissa De Neve, Anja Polet, Herman Van Oyen, John Van Camp, Gui De Backer, Stefaan De Henauw, and Inge Huybrechts. 2011. “Plant and Animal Protein Intake and Its Association with Overweight and Obesity Among the Belgian Population.” British Journal of Nutrition 105 (7): 1106–1116.
Vancouver
1.
Lin Y, Bolca S, Vandevijvere S, De Vriese S, Mouratidou T, De Neve M, et al. Plant and animal protein intake and its association with overweight and obesity among the Belgian population. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2011;105(7):1106–16.
IEEE
[1]
Y. Lin et al., “Plant and animal protein intake and its association with overweight and obesity among the Belgian population,” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, vol. 105, no. 7, pp. 1106–1116, 2011.
@article{1207545,
  abstract     = {The objective of the present study was to assess animal and plant protein intakes in the Belgian population and to examine their relationship with overweight and obesity (OB). The subjects participated in the Belgian National Food Consumption Survey conducted in 2004. Food consumption was assessed by using two non-consecutive 24 h dietary recalls. About 3083 participants (>= 15 years of age; 1546 males, 1537 females) provided completed dietary information. Animal protein intake (47 g/d) contributed more to total protein intakes of 72 g/d than plant protein intake, which accounted for 25 g/d. Meat and meat products were the main contributors to total animal protein intakes (53%), whereas cereals and cereal products contributed most to plant protein intake (54%). Males had higher animal and plant protein intakes than females (P < 0.001). Legume and soya protein intakes were low in the whole population (0.101 and 0.174 g/d, respectively). In males, animal protein intake was positively associated with BMI (beta = 0.013; P = 0.001) and waist circumference (WC; beta = 0.041; P = 0.002). Both in males and females, plant protein intake was inversely associated with BMI (males: beta = -0.036; P < 0.001; females: beta = -0.046; P = 0.001) and WC (male: beta = -0.137; P < 0.001; female: beta = -0.096; P = 0.024). In conclusion, plant protein intakes were lower than animal protein intakes among a representative sample of the Belgian population and decreased with age. Associations with anthropometric data indicated that plant proteins could offer a protective effect in the prevention of overweight and OB in the Belgian population.},
  author       = {Lin, Yi and Bolca, Selin and Vandevijvere, Stefanie and De Vriese, Stephanie and Mouratidou, Theodora and De Neve, Melissa and Polet, Anja and Van Oyen, Herman and Van Camp, John and De Backer, Gui and De Henauw, Stefaan and Huybrechts, Inge},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keywords     = {WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE,WEIGHT-LOSS,CONTROLLED CLINICAL-TRIAL,SOY PROTEIN,ENERGY RESTRICTION,INSULIN SENSITIVITY,POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN,Waist circumference,Obesity,Animal protein,BMI,Plant protein,BODY-COMPOSITION,PLASMA-LIPIDS,BLOOD-PRESSURE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1106--1116},
  title        = {Plant and animal protein intake and its association with overweight and obesity among the Belgian population},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510004642},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2011},
}

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