Advanced search
1 file | 827.94 KB
Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper reports on explanatory qualitative research into vulnerabilities to crime within the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. The sector’s vulnerabilities expose its members to becoming a victim, but also a perpetrator (an accomplice, facilitator, etc.). Low profitability, exacerbated by pricing pressures customers and suppliers, predispose hotel and catering entrepreneurs to attempting a variety of non-legal modes of economic survival, including involvement in a ‘black market’ (‘off the books’ trading) between providers, suppliers and some customers. There are similar arrangements for the highly fluid workforce, whose hours and wages are only partially declared to the authorities, the untaxed payments then partially compensating for the low wages prevalent in the sector. Certain aspects of rules and regulations ‘backfire’, for example high VAT rates stimulate the grey economy; these and other evasions are being facilitated by sympathetic accountants skilled in hiding illegal transactions, and by complicit customers and suppliers. Illegal service providers and suppliers emerge to create an underground economy, and disputes are solved without recourse to the authorities. These sector conditions create an attractive, fertile soil for more serious criminal activities like human trafficking and money laundering activities.
Keywords
crime, Horeca, opportunity, hotel and catering industry, vulnerability

Downloads

    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 827.94 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Klima, Noel. 2011. “Vulnerability to Crime of the Hotel and Catering Industry in Belgium.” In EU Criminal Justice, Financial & Economic Crime : New Perspectives Interest-based Dispute Resolution, ed. Marc Cools, Brice De Ruyver, Marleen Easton, Lieven Pauwels, Paul Ponsaers, Tom Vander Beken, Freya Vander Laenen, et al., 5:129–154. Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu.
APA
Klima, N. (2011). Vulnerability to crime of the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. In Marc Cools, B. De Ruyver, M. Easton, L. Pauwels, P. Ponsaers, T. Vander Beken, F. Vander Laenen, et al. (Eds.), EU criminal justice, financial & economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution (Vol. 5, pp. 129–154). Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu.
Vancouver
1.
Klima N. Vulnerability to crime of the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. In: Cools M, De Ruyver B, Easton M, Pauwels L, Ponsaers P, Vander Beken T, et al., editors. EU criminal justice, financial & economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution. Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu; 2011. p. 129–54.
MLA
Klima, Noel. “Vulnerability to Crime of the Hotel and Catering Industry in Belgium.” EU Criminal Justice, Financial & Economic Crime : New Perspectives Interest-based Dispute Resolution. Ed. Marc Cools et al. Vol. 5. Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu, 2011. 129–154. Print.
@incollection{1205971,
  abstract     = {This paper reports on explanatory qualitative research into vulnerabilities to crime within the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. The sector{\textquoteright}s vulnerabilities expose its members to becoming a victim, but also a perpetrator (an accomplice, facilitator, etc.). Low profitability, exacerbated by pricing pressures customers and suppliers, predispose hotel and catering entrepreneurs to attempting a variety of non-legal modes of economic survival, including involvement in a {\textquoteleft}black market{\textquoteright} ({\textquoteleft}off the books{\textquoteright} trading) between providers, suppliers and some customers. There are similar arrangements for the highly fluid workforce, whose hours and wages are only partially declared to the authorities, the untaxed payments then partially compensating for the low wages prevalent in the sector. Certain aspects of rules and regulations {\textquoteleft}backfire{\textquoteright}, for example high VAT rates stimulate the grey economy; these and other evasions are being facilitated by sympathetic accountants skilled in hiding illegal transactions, and by complicit customers and suppliers. Illegal service providers and suppliers emerge to create an underground economy, and disputes are solved without recourse to the authorities. These sector conditions create an attractive, fertile soil for more serious criminal activities like human trafficking and money laundering activities.},
  author       = {Klima, Noel},
  booktitle    = {EU criminal justice, financial \& economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution},
  editor       = {Cools, Marc and De Ruyver, Brice and Easton, Marleen and Pauwels, Lieven and Ponsaers, Paul and Vander Beken, Tom and Vander Laenen, Freya and Vande Walle, Gudrun and Verhage, Antoinette and Vermeulen, Gert and Vynckier, Gerwinde},
  isbn         = {9789046604380},
  keyword      = {crime,Horeca,opportunity,hotel and catering industry,vulnerability},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {129--154},
  publisher    = {Maklu},
  series       = {Governance of Security Reasearch Paper Series},
  title        = {Vulnerability to crime of the hotel and catering industry in Belgium},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2011},
}