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Vulnerability to crime of the hotel and catering industry in Belgium

Noel Klima UGent (2011) EU criminal justice, financial & economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution. In Governance of Security Reasearch Paper Series 5. p.129-154
abstract
This paper reports on explanatory qualitative research into vulnerabilities to crime within the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. The sector’s vulnerabilities expose its members to becoming a victim, but also a perpetrator (an accomplice, facilitator, etc.). Low profitability, exacerbated by pricing pressures customers and suppliers, predispose hotel and catering entrepreneurs to attempting a variety of non-legal modes of economic survival, including involvement in a ‘black market’ (‘off the books’ trading) between providers, suppliers and some customers. There are similar arrangements for the highly fluid workforce, whose hours and wages are only partially declared to the authorities, the untaxed payments then partially compensating for the low wages prevalent in the sector. Certain aspects of rules and regulations ‘backfire’, for example high VAT rates stimulate the grey economy; these and other evasions are being facilitated by sympathetic accountants skilled in hiding illegal transactions, and by complicit customers and suppliers. Illegal service providers and suppliers emerge to create an underground economy, and disputes are solved without recourse to the authorities. These sector conditions create an attractive, fertile soil for more serious criminal activities like human trafficking and money laundering activities.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
bookChapter
publication status
published
subject
keyword
crime, Horeca, opportunity, hotel and catering industry, vulnerability
book title
EU criminal justice, financial & economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution
editor
Marc Cools UGent, Brice De Ruyver, Marleen Easton UGent, Lieven Pauwels UGent, Paul Ponsaers UGent, Tom Vander Beken UGent, Freya Vander Laenen UGent, Gudrun Vande Walle, Antoinette Verhage UGent, Gert Vermeulen UGent and Gerwinde Vynckier
series title
Governance of Security Reasearch Paper Series
volume
5
pages
129 - 154
publisher
Maklu
place of publication
Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
ISBN
9789046604380
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
B2
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
VABB id
c:vabb:322983
VABB type
VABB-4
id
1205971
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1205971
date created
2011-04-11 12:06:22
date last changed
2017-01-02 09:54:59
@incollection{1205971,
  abstract     = {This paper reports on explanatory qualitative research into vulnerabilities to crime within the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. The sector{\textquoteright}s vulnerabilities expose its members to becoming a victim, but also a perpetrator (an accomplice, facilitator, etc.). Low profitability, exacerbated by pricing pressures customers and suppliers, predispose hotel and catering entrepreneurs to attempting a variety of non-legal modes of economic survival, including involvement in a {\textquoteleft}black market{\textquoteright} ({\textquoteleft}off the books{\textquoteright} trading) between providers, suppliers and some customers. There are similar arrangements for the highly fluid workforce, whose hours and wages are only partially declared to the authorities, the untaxed payments then partially compensating for the low wages prevalent in the sector. Certain aspects of rules and regulations {\textquoteleft}backfire{\textquoteright}, for example high VAT rates stimulate the grey economy; these and other evasions are being facilitated by sympathetic accountants skilled in hiding illegal transactions, and by complicit customers and suppliers. Illegal service providers and suppliers emerge to create an underground economy, and disputes are solved without recourse to the authorities. These sector conditions create an attractive, fertile soil for more serious criminal activities like human trafficking and money laundering activities.},
  author       = {Klima, Noel},
  booktitle    = {EU criminal justice, financial \& economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution},
  editor       = {Cools, Marc and De Ruyver, Brice and Easton, Marleen and Pauwels, Lieven and Ponsaers, Paul and Vander Beken, Tom and Vander Laenen, Freya and Vande Walle, Gudrun and Verhage, Antoinette and Vermeulen, Gert and Vynckier, Gerwinde},
  isbn         = {9789046604380},
  keyword      = {crime,Horeca,opportunity,hotel and catering industry,vulnerability},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {129--154},
  publisher    = {Maklu},
  series       = {Governance of Security Reasearch Paper Series},
  title        = {Vulnerability to crime of the hotel and catering industry in Belgium},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Klima, Noel. 2011. “Vulnerability to Crime of the Hotel and Catering Industry in Belgium.” In EU Criminal Justice, Financial & Economic Crime : New Perspectives Interest-based Dispute Resolution, ed. Marc Cools, Brice De Ruyver, Marleen Easton, Lieven Pauwels, Paul Ponsaers, Tom Vander Beken, Freya Vander Laenen, et al., 5:129–154. Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu.
APA
Klima, N. (2011). Vulnerability to crime of the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. In Marc Cools, B. De Ruyver, M. Easton, L. Pauwels, P. Ponsaers, T. Vander Beken, F. Vander Laenen, et al. (Eds.), EU criminal justice, financial & economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution (Vol. 5, pp. 129–154). Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu.
Vancouver
1.
Klima N. Vulnerability to crime of the hotel and catering industry in Belgium. In: Cools M, De Ruyver B, Easton M, Pauwels L, Ponsaers P, Vander Beken T, et al., editors. EU criminal justice, financial & economic crime : new perspectives interest-based dispute resolution. Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu; 2011. p. 129–54.
MLA
Klima, Noel. “Vulnerability to Crime of the Hotel and Catering Industry in Belgium.” EU Criminal Justice, Financial & Economic Crime : New Perspectives Interest-based Dispute Resolution. Ed. Marc Cools et al. Vol. 5. Antwerp, Belgium ; Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Maklu, 2011. 129–154. Print.