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The goods transport network's vulnerability to crime: opportunities and control weaknesses

Noel Klima (UGent)
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Abstract
This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study into the goods transport sector and its vulnerability to crime. Based on 33 interviews with professionals and law enforcement agents, four interviews with convicted criminals, 26 case files from the Belgian Federal Police and the customs services and 9 informal conversations with law enforcement agency personnel, academics and professionals, the paper analyses what structures, mechanisms, conditions and interdependencies make the goods transport network susceptible to criminal activity. It is suggested that vulnerability to crime is twofold, consisting of opportunities based on weak sector conditions and weak regulation. It will be demonstrated that small and medium enterprises present particular opportunities for criminal exploitation due to their weaker financial position and the lack of crime prevention measures in place. The study found no criminal 'front' structures that are transport businesses alone, because of the high start-up costs within the industry; rather, non-transport companies are exploited to connect to the legal transport sector. Finally, the paper identifies key weaknesses in the sector, asking whether there should be due diligence or regulatory duties for certain roles in the supply chain like shipping agents.
Keywords
Goods transport sector, Opportunity, Crime vulnerability, Control

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Klima, Noel. 2011. “The Goods Transport Network’s Vulnerability to Crime: Opportunities and Control Weaknesses.” European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 17 (3): 203–219.
APA
Klima, N. (2011). The goods transport network’s vulnerability to crime: opportunities and control weaknesses. EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH, 17(3), 203–219.
Vancouver
1.
Klima N. The goods transport network’s vulnerability to crime: opportunities and control weaknesses. EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH. 2011;17(3):203–19.
MLA
Klima, Noel. “The Goods Transport Network’s Vulnerability to Crime: Opportunities and Control Weaknesses.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH 17.3 (2011): 203–219. Print.
@article{1205949,
  abstract     = {This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study into the goods transport sector and its vulnerability to crime. Based on 33 interviews with professionals and law enforcement agents, four interviews with convicted criminals, 26 case files from the Belgian Federal Police and the customs services and 9 informal conversations with law enforcement agency personnel, academics and professionals, the paper analyses what structures, mechanisms, conditions and interdependencies make the goods transport network susceptible to criminal activity. It is suggested that vulnerability to crime is twofold, consisting of opportunities based on weak sector conditions and weak regulation. It will be demonstrated that small and medium enterprises present particular opportunities for criminal exploitation due to their weaker financial position and the lack of crime prevention measures in place. The study found no criminal 'front' structures that are transport businesses alone, because of the high start-up costs within the industry; rather, non-transport companies are exploited to connect to the legal transport sector. Finally, the paper identifies key weaknesses in the sector, asking whether there should be due diligence or regulatory duties for certain roles in the supply chain like shipping agents.},
  author       = {Klima, Noel},
  issn         = {0928-1371},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {Goods transport sector,Opportunity,Crime vulnerability,Control},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {203--219},
  title        = {The goods transport network's vulnerability to crime: opportunities and control weaknesses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10610-011-9139-x},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2011},
}

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