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Are citizens becoming sources?: a look into the professional contacts of Flemish journalists

Jeroen De Keyser (UGent) , Karin Raeymaeckers (UGent) and Steve Paulussen (UGent)
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Abstract
Professional journalists’ reporting is traditionally based on established and rather elite information sources. Looking at this practice through the Habermasian lens, one can discern a disproportionately large amount of news originating from the centre of the political system. Also actors belonging to the periphery of that same system get a fair deal of attention; i.e. politicians and (through lobbying) the economic leaders. Individual citizens of the civil society could virtually only gain access through special interest groups; they were otherwise ignored as news sources. Due to the introduction of digital technologies on the internet, citizens have gained the power to address the outer world parallel with the distribution platforms of the traditional news media. Therefore, it seems plausible that traditional media adapt their working routines by including individual citizens as news sources. Our study on this matter uses the data of a large-scale survey sent to all Flemish professional journalists in 2008 in order to assess this shift in sourcing practices.
Keywords
newsroom practices, political elites, news sources, citizen participation, sourcing

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Chicago
De Keyser, Jeroen, Karin Raeymaeckers, and Steve Paulussen. 2010. “Are Citizens Becoming Sources?: a Look into the Professional Contacts of Flemish Journalists.” In Journalists, Sources and Credibility : New Perspectives, ed. Bob Franklin and Matt Carlson, 1:139–151. New York, US: Routledge.
APA
De Keyser, Jeroen, Raeymaeckers, K., & Paulussen, S. (2010). Are citizens becoming sources?: a look into the professional contacts of Flemish journalists. In B. Franklin & M. Carlson (Eds.), Journalists, sources and credibility : new perspectives (Vol. 1, pp. 139–151). New York, US: Routledge.
Vancouver
1.
De Keyser J, Raeymaeckers K, Paulussen S. Are citizens becoming sources?: a look into the professional contacts of Flemish journalists. In: Franklin B, Carlson M, editors. Journalists, sources and credibility : new perspectives. New York, US: Routledge; 2010. p. 139–51.
MLA
De Keyser, Jeroen, Karin Raeymaeckers, and Steve Paulussen. “Are Citizens Becoming Sources?: a Look into the Professional Contacts of Flemish Journalists.” Journalists, Sources and Credibility : New Perspectives. Ed. Bob Franklin & Matt Carlson. Vol. 1. New York, US: Routledge, 2010. 139–151. Print.
@incollection{1205015,
  abstract     = {Professional journalists{\textquoteright} reporting is traditionally based on established and rather elite information sources. Looking at this practice through the Habermasian lens, one can discern a disproportionately large amount of news originating from the centre of the political system. Also actors belonging to the periphery of that same system get a fair deal of attention; i.e. politicians and (through lobbying) the economic leaders. Individual citizens of the civil society could virtually only gain access through special interest groups; they were otherwise ignored as news sources. Due to the introduction of digital technologies on the internet, citizens have gained the power to address the outer world parallel with the distribution platforms of the traditional news media. Therefore, it seems plausible that traditional media adapt their working routines by including individual citizens as news sources. Our study on this matter uses the data of a large-scale survey sent to all Flemish professional journalists in 2008 in order to assess this shift in sourcing practices.},
  author       = {De Keyser, Jeroen and Raeymaeckers, Karin and Paulussen, Steve},
  booktitle    = {Journalists, sources and credibility : new perspectives},
  editor       = {Franklin, Bob and Carlson, Matt},
  isbn         = {9780415884266},
  keyword      = {newsroom practices,political elites,news sources,citizen participation,sourcing},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {139--151},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Routledge Research in Journalism},
  title        = {Are citizens becoming sources?: a look into the professional contacts of Flemish journalists},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2010},
}