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Attention for emotional facial expressions in dysphoria: an eye-movement registration study

Lemke Leyman (UGent) , Rudi De Raedt (UGent) , Roel Vaeyens (UGent) and Renaat Philippaerts (UGent)
(2011) COGNITION & EMOTION. 25(1). p.111-120
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Abstract
Former research demonstrated that depression is associated with dysfunctional attentional processing of emotional information. Most studies examined this bias by registration of response latencies. The present study employed an ecologically valid measurement of attentive processing, using eye-movement registration. Dysphoric and non-dysphoric participants viewed slides presenting sad, angry, happy and neutral facial expressions. For each type of expression, three components of visual attention were analysed: the relative fixation frequency, fixation time and glance duration. Attentional biases were also investigated for inverted facial expressions to ensure that they were not related to eye-catching facial features. Results indicated that non-dysphoric individuals were characterised by longer fixating and dwelling on happy faces. Dysphoric individuals demonstrated a longer dwelling on sad and neutral faces. These results were not found for inverted facial expressions. The present findings are in line with the assumption that depression is associated with a prolonged attentional elaboration on negative information.
Keywords
Attentional bias, Eye movements, Facial expressions, CLINICAL DEPRESSION, SELECTIVE ATTENTION, BIASES, INFORMATION, FACES, DISORDER, Depression, ANXIETY, TASK

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Chicago
Leyman, Lemke, Rudi De Raedt, Roel Vaeyens, and Renaat Philippaerts. 2011. “Attention for Emotional Facial Expressions in Dysphoria: An Eye-movement Registration Study.” Cognition & Emotion 25 (1): 111–120.
APA
Leyman, L., De Raedt, R., Vaeyens, R., & Philippaerts, R. (2011). Attention for emotional facial expressions in dysphoria: an eye-movement registration study. COGNITION & EMOTION, 25(1), 111–120.
Vancouver
1.
Leyman L, De Raedt R, Vaeyens R, Philippaerts R. Attention for emotional facial expressions in dysphoria: an eye-movement registration study. COGNITION & EMOTION. 2011;25(1):111–20.
MLA
Leyman, Lemke, Rudi De Raedt, Roel Vaeyens, et al. “Attention for Emotional Facial Expressions in Dysphoria: An Eye-movement Registration Study.” COGNITION & EMOTION 25.1 (2011): 111–120. Print.
@article{1204083,
  abstract     = {Former research demonstrated that depression is associated with dysfunctional attentional processing of emotional information. Most studies examined this bias by registration of response latencies. The present study employed an ecologically valid measurement of attentive processing, using eye-movement registration. Dysphoric and non-dysphoric participants viewed slides presenting sad, angry, happy and neutral facial expressions. For each type of expression, three components of visual attention were analysed: the relative fixation frequency, fixation time and glance duration. Attentional biases were also investigated for inverted facial expressions to ensure that they were not related to eye-catching facial features. Results indicated that non-dysphoric individuals were characterised by longer fixating and dwelling on happy faces. Dysphoric individuals demonstrated a longer dwelling on sad and neutral faces. These results were not found for inverted facial expressions. The present findings are in line with the assumption that depression is associated with a prolonged attentional elaboration on negative information.},
  author       = {Leyman, Lemke and De Raedt, Rudi and Vaeyens, Roel and Philippaerts, Renaat},
  issn         = {0269-9931},
  journal      = {COGNITION & EMOTION},
  keywords     = {Attentional bias,Eye movements,Facial expressions,CLINICAL DEPRESSION,SELECTIVE ATTENTION,BIASES,INFORMATION,FACES,DISORDER,Depression,ANXIETY,TASK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {111--120},
  title        = {Attention for emotional facial expressions in dysphoria: an eye-movement registration study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931003593827},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2011},
}

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