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Intra- and interlaboratory performances of two commercial antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods for bifidobacteria and nonenterococcal lactic acid bacteria

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Abstract
In a small-scale harmonization study involving nine laboratories in eight European countries, the intra-and interlaboratory performances of two commercially available systems, i.e., the VetMIC microplate system and Etest, for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of nonenterococcal lactic acid bacteria (NELAB) and bifidobacteria were analyzed. In addition, one laboratory also performed standard broth microdilution as a reference method. MICs of tetracycline, erythromycin, ampicillin, gentamicin, clindamycin, and streptomycin for the type strains of 25 species of NELAB and bifidobacteria and MICs of vancomycin for a selection of relevant taxa were determined. The previously described lactic acid bacterium susceptibility test medium (LSM) and related mixed-medium formulations, all including Iso-Sensitest broth as a basic component, were used as test media. The overall agreement of median MIC ranges +/- 1 log(2) dilution determined by the VetMIC and Etest methods with the median MICs determined by the reference method was very good for tetracycline, ampicillin, and streptomycin (92.3 to 100%) but low for erythromycin (19.5 to 30.7%) and clindamycin (50.0 to 80.8%). There was a consensus among the participating laboratories that VetMIC was preferred over Etest because of its lower cost, better growth support, and more uniform criteria for MIC end point reading. With the range for acceptable intralaboratory reproducibility being defined as the median MIC +/- 1 log2 dilution, VetMIC results (with 69.2% of all data sets in the acceptable range) were shown to display greater reproducibility than Etest results (with 58.8% of all data sets in the acceptable range). Also at the interlaboratory level, the proportion of MIC values obtained with VetMIC that belonged to the complete agreement category (60.0%) was higher than the proportion of such values obtained with Etest (47.0%), which indicates a higher degree of interlaboratory reproducibility for the former method. Apart from some agent-specific effects, the majority of VetMIC and Etest replicate data sets were situated within a 1-to 2-log(2) dilution range, suggesting that the two methods can be considered to be equivalent for recognizing resistance phenotypes. This multicenter study has further validated the standard use of LSM and related mixed-medium formulations with commercially available systems and formed the basis for the ongoing development of the ISO 10932/IDF 223 standard for susceptibility testing of NELAB and bifidobacteria.
Keywords
LABORATORIES, PROFILES, FOOD, STRAINS, LACTOBACILLUS, ETEST METHOD, CUTOFF VALUES, PROBIOTIC BACTERIA, BROTH MICRODILUTION METHOD, ACQUIRED ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE

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Chicago
Huys, Geert, Klaas D’Haene, Margo Cnockaert, Lorenzo Tosi, Morten Danielsen, Ana Belen Florez, Jaana Matto, et al. 2010. “Intra- and Interlaboratory Performances of Two Commercial Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Methods for Bifidobacteria and Nonenterococcal Lactic Acid Bacteria.” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 54 (6): 2567–2574.
APA
Huys, G., D’Haene, K., Cnockaert, M., Tosi, L., Danielsen, M., Florez, A. B., Matto, J., et al. (2010). Intra- and interlaboratory performances of two commercial antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods for bifidobacteria and nonenterococcal lactic acid bacteria. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 54(6), 2567–2574.
Vancouver
1.
Huys G, D’Haene K, Cnockaert M, Tosi L, Danielsen M, Florez AB, et al. Intra- and interlaboratory performances of two commercial antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods for bifidobacteria and nonenterococcal lactic acid bacteria. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY. 2010;54(6):2567–74.
MLA
Huys, Geert, Klaas D’Haene, Margo Cnockaert, et al. “Intra- and Interlaboratory Performances of Two Commercial Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Methods for Bifidobacteria and Nonenterococcal Lactic Acid Bacteria.” ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 54.6 (2010): 2567–2574. Print.
@article{1203799,
  abstract     = {In a small-scale harmonization study involving nine laboratories in eight European countries, the intra-and interlaboratory performances of two commercially available systems, i.e., the VetMIC microplate system and Etest, for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of nonenterococcal lactic acid bacteria (NELAB) and bifidobacteria were analyzed. In addition, one laboratory also performed standard broth microdilution as a reference method. MICs of tetracycline, erythromycin, ampicillin, gentamicin, clindamycin, and streptomycin for the type strains of 25 species of NELAB and bifidobacteria and MICs of vancomycin for a selection of relevant taxa were determined. The previously described lactic acid bacterium susceptibility test medium (LSM) and related mixed-medium formulations, all including Iso-Sensitest broth as a basic component, were used as test media. The overall agreement of median MIC ranges +/- 1 log(2) dilution determined by the VetMIC and Etest methods with the median MICs determined by the reference method was very good for tetracycline, ampicillin, and streptomycin (92.3 to 100%) but low for erythromycin (19.5 to 30.7%) and clindamycin (50.0 to 80.8%). There was a consensus among the participating laboratories that VetMIC was preferred over Etest because of its lower cost, better growth support, and more uniform criteria for MIC end point reading. With the range for acceptable intralaboratory reproducibility being defined as the median MIC +/- 1 log2 dilution, VetMIC results (with 69.2% of all data sets in the acceptable range) were shown to display greater reproducibility than Etest results (with 58.8% of all data sets in the acceptable range). Also at the interlaboratory level, the proportion of MIC values obtained with VetMIC that belonged to the complete agreement category (60.0%) was higher than the proportion of such values obtained with Etest (47.0%), which indicates a higher degree of interlaboratory reproducibility for the former method. Apart from some agent-specific effects, the majority of VetMIC and Etest replicate data sets were situated within a 1-to 2-log(2) dilution range, suggesting that the two methods can be considered to be equivalent for recognizing resistance phenotypes. This multicenter study has further validated the standard use of LSM and related mixed-medium formulations with commercially available systems and formed the basis for the ongoing development of the ISO 10932/IDF 223 standard for susceptibility testing of NELAB and bifidobacteria.},
  author       = {Huys, Geert and D'Haene, Klaas and Cnockaert, Margo and Tosi, Lorenzo and Danielsen, Morten and Florez, Ana Belen and Matto, Jaana and Axelsson, Lars and Korhonen, Jenni and Mayrhofer, Sigrid and Egervarn, Maria and Giacomini, Mauro and Vandamme, Peter},
  issn         = {0066-4804},
  journal      = {ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY},
  keywords     = {LABORATORIES,PROFILES,FOOD,STRAINS,LACTOBACILLUS,ETEST METHOD,CUTOFF VALUES,PROBIOTIC BACTERIA,BROTH MICRODILUTION METHOD,ACQUIRED ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2567--2574},
  title        = {Intra- and interlaboratory performances of two commercial antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods for bifidobacteria and nonenterococcal lactic acid bacteria},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00407-10},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2010},
}

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