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Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture?

Jannick Demanet UGent and Mieke Van Houtte UGent (2011) SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM. 31(2). p.224-256
abstract
This article assesses whether social-ethnic composition influences students’ school misconduct. Based on general strain theory, we expect to find that individual sense of futility acts as an intermediate mechanism. Starting from cultural deprivation and oppositional culture theory, however, we hypothesize that a shared school culture of futility acts as mediator. Multilevel analyses of data from the Flemish Educational Assessment, consisting of 11,872 students in 85 schools, showed that ethnic composition has an impact on school misconduct: there is more deviancy in ethnically mixed schools than in ethnic concentration schools due to a greater student sense of futility. The presence of a culture of futility did not affect the probability of being deviant. These results were true only for natives: school factors did not affect migrants’ deviancy. We conclude that, although a dispersal of ethnically diverse students across all schools is favorable, this can yield negative side effects.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
MIDDLE SCHOOL, ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT, GENERAL STRAIN THEORY, SELF-CONCEPT, DELINQUENCY, CLIMATE, SEGREGATION, STUDENT COMPOSITION, MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS
journal title
SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM
Sociol. Spectr.
volume
31
issue
2
pages
224 - 256
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000287027700004
JCR category
SOCIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
0.312 (2011)
JCR rank
105/136 (2011)
JCR quartile
4 (2011)
ISSN
0273-2173
DOI
10.1080/02732173.2011.541343
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1201381
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1201381
date created
2011-04-01 14:20:47
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:31:29
@article{1201381,
  abstract     = {This article assesses whether social-ethnic composition influences students{\textquoteright} school misconduct. Based on general strain theory, we expect to find that individual sense of futility acts as an intermediate mechanism. Starting from cultural deprivation and oppositional culture theory, however, we hypothesize that a shared school culture of futility acts as mediator. Multilevel analyses of data from the Flemish Educational Assessment, consisting of 11,872 students in 85 schools, showed that ethnic composition has an impact on school misconduct: there is more deviancy in ethnically mixed schools than in ethnic concentration schools due to a greater student sense of futility. The presence of a culture of futility did not affect the probability of being deviant. These results were true only for natives: school factors did not affect migrants{\textquoteright} deviancy. We conclude that, although a dispersal of ethnically diverse students across all schools is favorable, this can yield negative side effects.},
  author       = {Demanet, Jannick and Van Houtte, Mieke},
  issn         = {0273-2173},
  journal      = {SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM},
  keyword      = {MIDDLE SCHOOL,ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT,MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT,GENERAL STRAIN THEORY,SELF-CONCEPT,DELINQUENCY,CLIMATE,SEGREGATION,STUDENT COMPOSITION,MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {224--256},
  title        = {Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02732173.2011.541343},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Demanet, Jannick, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2011. “Social-ethnic School Composition and School Misconduct: Does Sense of Futility Clarify the Picture?” Sociological Spectrum 31 (2): 224–256.
APA
Demanet, Jannick, & Van Houtte, M. (2011). Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture? SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM, 31(2), 224–256.
Vancouver
1.
Demanet J, Van Houtte M. Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture? SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM. 2011;31(2):224–56.
MLA
Demanet, Jannick, and Mieke Van Houtte. “Social-ethnic School Composition and School Misconduct: Does Sense of Futility Clarify the Picture?” SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM 31.2 (2011): 224–256. Print.