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Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture?

Jannick Demanet (UGent) and Mieke Van Houtte (UGent)
(2011) SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM. 31(2). p.224-256
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Abstract
This article assesses whether social-ethnic composition influences students’ school misconduct. Based on general strain theory, we expect to find that individual sense of futility acts as an intermediate mechanism. Starting from cultural deprivation and oppositional culture theory, however, we hypothesize that a shared school culture of futility acts as mediator. Multilevel analyses of data from the Flemish Educational Assessment, consisting of 11,872 students in 85 schools, showed that ethnic composition has an impact on school misconduct: there is more deviancy in ethnically mixed schools than in ethnic concentration schools due to a greater student sense of futility. The presence of a culture of futility did not affect the probability of being deviant. These results were true only for natives: school factors did not affect migrants’ deviancy. We conclude that, although a dispersal of ethnically diverse students across all schools is favorable, this can yield negative side effects.
Keywords
MIDDLE SCHOOL, ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT, GENERAL STRAIN THEORY, SELF-CONCEPT, DELINQUENCY, CLIMATE, SEGREGATION, STUDENT COMPOSITION, MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Demanet, Jannick, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2011. “Social-ethnic School Composition and School Misconduct: Does Sense of Futility Clarify the Picture?” Sociological Spectrum 31 (2): 224–256.
APA
Demanet, Jannick, & Van Houtte, M. (2011). Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture? SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM, 31(2), 224–256.
Vancouver
1.
Demanet J, Van Houtte M. Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture? SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM. 2011;31(2):224–56.
MLA
Demanet, Jannick, and Mieke Van Houtte. “Social-ethnic School Composition and School Misconduct: Does Sense of Futility Clarify the Picture?” SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM 31.2 (2011): 224–256. Print.
@article{1201381,
  abstract     = {This article assesses whether social-ethnic composition influences students{\textquoteright} school misconduct. Based on general strain theory, we expect to find that individual sense of futility acts as an intermediate mechanism. Starting from cultural deprivation and oppositional culture theory, however, we hypothesize that a shared school culture of futility acts as mediator. Multilevel analyses of data from the Flemish Educational Assessment, consisting of 11,872 students in 85 schools, showed that ethnic composition has an impact on school misconduct: there is more deviancy in ethnically mixed schools than in ethnic concentration schools due to a greater student sense of futility. The presence of a culture of futility did not affect the probability of being deviant. These results were true only for natives: school factors did not affect migrants{\textquoteright} deviancy. We conclude that, although a dispersal of ethnically diverse students across all schools is favorable, this can yield negative side effects.},
  author       = {Demanet, Jannick and Van Houtte, Mieke},
  issn         = {0273-2173},
  journal      = {SOCIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM},
  keyword      = {MIDDLE SCHOOL,ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT,MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT,GENERAL STRAIN THEORY,SELF-CONCEPT,DELINQUENCY,CLIMATE,SEGREGATION,STUDENT COMPOSITION,MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {224--256},
  title        = {Social-ethnic school composition and school misconduct: does sense of futility clarify the picture?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02732173.2011.541343},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2011},
}

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