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Pain-induced changes in the activity of the cervical extensor muscles evaluated by muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging

Barbara Cagnie UGent, Shaun O'Leary, James Elliott, Ian Peeters UGent, THIERRY PARLEVLIET UGent and Lieven Danneels UGent (2011) CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN. 27(5). p.392-397
abstract
Objectives: To investigate the effect of experimental neck muscle pain on the activation of the cervical extensor muscles during the performance of a cervical extension exercise by the use of muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: The activity of the multifidus, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, and splenius capitis muscles was investigated bilaterally at 2 cervical levels (C2 to C3 and C7 to T1) in 15 healthy individuals. Measurements were taken at rest and after the performance of a cervical extension exercise without and with induced pain of the right upper trapezius (intramuscular injection of hypertonic saline). Results: In the pain condition, the activity of the multifidus/semispinalis cervicis was reduced bilaterally at the C7 to T1 level (P = 0.045). For the semispinalis capitis, there were no significant differences between both conditions. The splenius capitis showed a significantly higher T2 shift at the left side at the C2 to C3 level (P = 0.008) and a lower T2 shift at the right side at the C7 to T1 level (P = 0.023). Discussion: This is the first study that has shown pain to immediately affect the activity of both deep and superficial cervical extensor muscle layers during a cervical extension exercise. The findings support recommendations for evaluation of cervical extensor muscle function early in the management of painful cervical spine injuries.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging, experimental pain, cervical extensor muscles, WHIPLASH-ASSOCIATED DISORDERS, CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA, NECK PAIN, EXERCISE INTENSITY, MULTIFIDUS MUSCLE, PROTON T2, ELECTROMYOGRAPHY, COORDINATION, DYSFUNCTION, ENDURANCE
journal title
CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN
Clin. J. Pain
volume
27
issue
5
pages
392 - 397
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000290434100003
JCR category
ANESTHESIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.813 (2011)
JCR rank
8/28 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0749-8047
DOI
10.1097/AJP.0b013e31820e11a2
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1192187
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1192187
date created
2011-03-21 10:41:41
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:30:49
@article{1192187,
  abstract     = {Objectives: To investigate the effect of experimental neck muscle pain on the activation of the cervical extensor muscles during the performance of a cervical extension exercise by the use of muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging. 
Methods: The activity of the multifidus, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, and splenius capitis muscles was investigated bilaterally at 2 cervical levels (C2 to C3 and C7 to T1) in 15 healthy individuals. Measurements were taken at rest and after the performance of a cervical extension exercise without and with induced pain of the right upper trapezius (intramuscular injection of hypertonic saline). 
Results: In the pain condition, the activity of the multifidus/semispinalis cervicis was reduced bilaterally at the C7 to T1 level (P = 0.045). For the semispinalis capitis, there were no significant differences between both conditions. The splenius capitis showed a significantly higher T2 shift at the left side at the C2 to C3 level (P = 0.008) and a lower T2 shift at the right side at the C7 to T1 level (P = 0.023). 
Discussion: This is the first study that has shown pain to immediately affect the activity of both deep and superficial cervical extensor muscle layers during a cervical extension exercise. The findings support recommendations for evaluation of cervical extensor muscle function early in the management of painful cervical spine injuries.},
  author       = {Cagnie, Barbara and O'Leary, Shaun and Elliott, James and Peeters, Ian and PARLEVLIET, THIERRY and Danneels, Lieven},
  issn         = {0749-8047},
  journal      = {CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN},
  keyword      = {muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging,experimental pain,cervical extensor muscles,WHIPLASH-ASSOCIATED DISORDERS,CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA,NECK PAIN,EXERCISE INTENSITY,MULTIFIDUS MUSCLE,PROTON T2,ELECTROMYOGRAPHY,COORDINATION,DYSFUNCTION,ENDURANCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {392--397},
  title        = {Pain-induced changes in the activity of the cervical extensor muscles evaluated by muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0b013e31820e11a2},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Cagnie, Barbara, Shaun O’Leary, James Elliott, Ian Peeters, THIERRY PARLEVLIET, and Lieven Danneels. 2011. “Pain-induced Changes in the Activity of the Cervical Extensor Muscles Evaluated by Muscle Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.” Clinical Journal of Pain 27 (5): 392–397.
APA
Cagnie, Barbara, O’Leary, S., Elliott, J., Peeters, I., PARLEVLIET, T., & Danneels, L. (2011). Pain-induced changes in the activity of the cervical extensor muscles evaluated by muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging. CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN, 27(5), 392–397.
Vancouver
1.
Cagnie B, O’Leary S, Elliott J, Peeters I, PARLEVLIET T, Danneels L. Pain-induced changes in the activity of the cervical extensor muscles evaluated by muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging. CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN. 2011;27(5):392–7.
MLA
Cagnie, Barbara, Shaun O’Leary, James Elliott, et al. “Pain-induced Changes in the Activity of the Cervical Extensor Muscles Evaluated by Muscle Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.” CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN 27.5 (2011): 392–397. Print.