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Errors and conflict at the task level and the response level

Charlotte Desmet (UGent), Wim Fias (UGent), Egbert Hartstra and Marcel Brass (UGent)
(2011) JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE. 31(4). p.1366-1374
Author
Organization
Project
The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
In the last decade, research on error and conflict processing has become one of the most influential research areas in the domain of cognitive control. There is now converging evidence that a specific part of the posterior frontomedian cortex (pFMC), the rostral cingulate zone (RCZ), is crucially involved in the processing of errors and conflict. However, error-related research has focused primarily on a specific error type, namely, response errors. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether errors on the task level rely on the same neural and functional mechanisms. Here we report a dissociation of both error types in the pFMC: whereas response errors activate the RCZ, task errors activate the dorsal frontomedian cortex. Although this last region shows an overlap in activation for task and response errors on the group level, a closer inspection of the single-subject data is more in accordance with a functional anatomical dissociation. When investigating brain areas related to conflict on the task and response levels, a clear dissociation was perceived between areas associated with response conflict and with task conflict. Overall, our data support a dissociation between response and task levels of processing in the pFMC. In addition, we provide additional evidence for a dissociation between conflict and errors both at the response level and at the task level.
Keywords
EVENT-RELATED FMRI, MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX, ANTERIOR CINGULATE, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, COGNITIVE CONTROL, ACTIVATION, DECISION, VARIABILITY, INHIBITION, SELECTION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Desmet, Charlotte, Wim Fias, Egbert Hartstra, and Marcel Brass. 2011. “Errors and Conflict at the Task Level and the Response Level.” Journal of Neuroscience 31 (4): 1366–1374.
APA
Desmet, Charlotte, Fias, W., Hartstra, E., & Brass, M. (2011). Errors and conflict at the task level and the response level. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 31(4), 1366–1374.
Vancouver
1.
Desmet C, Fias W, Hartstra E, Brass M. Errors and conflict at the task level and the response level. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE. 2011;31(4):1366–74.
MLA
Desmet, Charlotte, Wim Fias, Egbert Hartstra, et al. “Errors and Conflict at the Task Level and the Response Level.” JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE 31.4 (2011): 1366–1374. Print.
@article{1191089,
  abstract     = {In the last decade, research on error and conflict processing has become one of the most influential research areas in the domain of cognitive control. There is now converging evidence that a specific part of the posterior frontomedian cortex (pFMC), the rostral cingulate zone (RCZ), is crucially involved in the processing of errors and conflict. However, error-related research has focused primarily on a specific error type, namely, response errors. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether errors on the task level rely on the same neural and functional mechanisms. Here we report a dissociation of both error types in the pFMC: whereas response errors activate the RCZ, task errors activate the dorsal frontomedian cortex. Although this last region shows an overlap in activation for task and response errors on the group level, a closer inspection of the single-subject data is more in accordance with a functional anatomical dissociation. When investigating brain areas related to conflict on the task and response levels, a clear dissociation was perceived between areas associated with response conflict and with task conflict. Overall, our data support a dissociation between response and task levels of processing in the pFMC. In addition, we provide additional evidence for a dissociation between conflict and errors both at the response level and at the task level.},
  author       = {Desmet, Charlotte and Fias, Wim and Hartstra, Egbert and Brass, Marcel},
  issn         = {0270-6474},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE},
  keyword      = {EVENT-RELATED FMRI,MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX,ANTERIOR CINGULATE,PREFRONTAL CORTEX,COGNITIVE CONTROL,ACTIVATION,DECISION,VARIABILITY,INHIBITION,SELECTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1366--1374},
  title        = {Errors and conflict at the task level and the response level},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5371-10.2011},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2011},
}

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