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The sigmatic future and the genetic affiliation of Venetic: Latin faxo 'I shall make' and Venetic vha.g.s.to 'he made'

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Abstract
Latin has a so-called sigmatic future faxo 'I shall make'. Scholars are divided as to the origins and antiquity of faxo; some believe it to go back to desideratives, others to aorists, and some argue that the formation arose within Latin, others that it can be traced back to Proto-Italic. Closely connected with these problems are the questions whether Venetic is an Italic language and whether its past ('aorist') tense vha.g.s.to 'he made' is related to fax (o) over bar. I intend to show that fax (o) over bar is based on inherited s-aorists, not on desideratives, that the formation arose late, within Latin itself rather than within Proto-Italic, and that there was never a past indicative beside it. Because of the last two reasons, vha.g.s.to must be independent of fax (o) over bar. Venetic may still be an Italic language, but the form vha.g.s.to cannot be used as an argument in favour of such a connection.

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Chicago
de Melo, Wolfgang. 2007. “The Sigmatic Future and the Genetic Affiliation of Venetic: Latin Faxo ‘I Shall Make’ and Venetic Vha.g.s.to ‘He Made’.” Transactions of the Philological Society 105 (1): 1–21.
APA
de Melo, W. (2007). The sigmatic future and the genetic affiliation of Venetic: Latin faxo “I shall make” and Venetic vha.g.s.to “he made.” TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 105(1), 1–21.
Vancouver
1.
de Melo W. The sigmatic future and the genetic affiliation of Venetic: Latin faxo “I shall make” and Venetic vha.g.s.to “he made.”TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 2007;105(1):1–21.
MLA
de Melo, Wolfgang. “The Sigmatic Future and the Genetic Affiliation of Venetic: Latin Faxo ‘I Shall Make’ and Venetic Vha.g.s.to ‘He Made’.” TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY 105.1 (2007): 1–21. Print.
@article{1186868,
  abstract     = {Latin has a so-called sigmatic future faxo 'I shall make'. Scholars are divided as to the origins and antiquity of faxo; some believe it to go back to desideratives, others to aorists, and some argue that the formation arose within Latin, others that it can be traced back to Proto-Italic. Closely connected with these problems are the questions whether Venetic is an Italic language and whether its past ('aorist') tense vha.g.s.to 'he made' is related to fax (o) over bar. I intend to show that fax (o) over bar is based on inherited s-aorists, not on desideratives, that the formation arose late, within Latin itself rather than within Proto-Italic, and that there was never a past indicative beside it. Because of the last two reasons, vha.g.s.to must be independent of fax (o) over bar. Venetic may still be an Italic language, but the form vha.g.s.to cannot be used as an argument in favour of such a connection.},
  author       = {de Melo, Wolfgang},
  issn         = {0079-1636},
  journal      = {TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--21},
  title        = {The sigmatic future and the genetic affiliation of Venetic: Latin faxo 'I shall make' and Venetic vha.g.s.to 'he made'},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2007},
}

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