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The structure of memory in infants and toddlers: an SEM study with full-terms and preterms

(2011) DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE. 14(1). p.83-91
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Abstract
There is considerable dispute about the nature of infant memory. Using SEM models, we examined whether popular characterizations of the structure of adult memory, including the two-process theory of recognition, are applicable in the infant and toddler years. The participants were a cohort of preterms and full-terms assessed longitudinally - at 1, 2, and 3 years - on a battery containing tasks of immediate and delayed recognition, recall, and memory span (a measure of short-term capacity). Results were in accord with adult models which assume that short- and long-term memory are distinct, and that two processes - familiarity and recollection - underlie recognition memory, while one alone - recollection - supports recall. The finding that prematurity, which entails risk of hippocampal compromise, affected recollection, but not familiarity, accords well with adult findings that hippocampal damage selectively affects recollection. These findings reveal striking similarity between the structure and theoretical underpinnings of infant and adult memory.
Keywords
VISUAL RECOGNITION MEMORY, MEDIAL TEMPORAL-LOBE, EXPLICIT MEMORY, DECLARATIVE MEMORY, RECALL MEMORY, 1ST YEAR, LIFE, RECOLLECTION, FAMILIARITY, CORTEX

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Chicago
Rose, Susan A, Judith F Feldman, Jeffery J Jankowski, and Ronan Van Rossem. 2011. “The Structure of Memory in Infants and Toddlers: An SEM Study with Full-terms and Preterms.” Developmental Science 14 (1): 83–91.
APA
Rose, S. A., Feldman, J. F., Jankowski, J. J., & Van Rossem, R. (2011). The structure of memory in infants and toddlers: an SEM study with full-terms and preterms. DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE, 14(1), 83–91.
Vancouver
1.
Rose SA, Feldman JF, Jankowski JJ, Van Rossem R. The structure of memory in infants and toddlers: an SEM study with full-terms and preterms. DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE. 2011;14(1):83–91.
MLA
Rose, Susan A, Judith F Feldman, Jeffery J Jankowski, et al. “The Structure of Memory in Infants and Toddlers: An SEM Study with Full-terms and Preterms.” DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE 14.1 (2011): 83–91. Print.
@article{1179582,
  abstract     = {There is considerable dispute about the nature of infant memory. Using SEM models, we examined whether popular characterizations of the structure of adult memory, including the two-process theory of recognition, are applicable in the infant and toddler years. The participants were a cohort of preterms and full-terms assessed longitudinally - at 1, 2, and 3 years - on a battery containing tasks of immediate and delayed recognition, recall, and memory span (a measure of short-term capacity). Results were in accord with adult models which assume that short- and long-term memory are distinct, and that two processes - familiarity and recollection - underlie recognition memory, while one alone - recollection - supports recall. The finding that prematurity, which entails risk of hippocampal compromise, affected recollection, but not familiarity, accords well with adult findings that hippocampal damage selectively affects recollection. These findings reveal striking similarity between the structure and theoretical underpinnings of infant and adult memory.},
  author       = {Rose, Susan A and Feldman, Judith F and Jankowski, Jeffery J and Van Rossem, Ronan},
  issn         = {1363-755X},
  journal      = {DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {VISUAL RECOGNITION MEMORY,MEDIAL TEMPORAL-LOBE,EXPLICIT MEMORY,DECLARATIVE MEMORY,RECALL MEMORY,1ST YEAR,LIFE,RECOLLECTION,FAMILIARITY,CORTEX},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {83--91},
  title        = {The structure of memory in infants and toddlers: an SEM study with full-terms and preterms},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2010.00959.x},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2011},
}

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