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Friction welding of steel to ceramic

Pieter Rombaut (UGent) , Wim De Waele (UGent) and Koenraad Faes (UGent)
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Abstract
The goal of this paper is to give a clear summary of the literature review performed during the master thesis on friction welding on dissimilar materials. Of main interest for this work is the welding of steel to a ceramic material such as alumina (Al2O3). Because of the difficulties involved in producing a sound weld for this material combination, not a lot of literature is available on this topic. This paper starts with a discussion on the basics of friction welding and typical problems encountered in welding of steel to ceramic. Almost all research articles that have been found in open literature state that welding steel to a ceramic is nearly impossible without using an interlayer consisting of a compatible metal. The most frequently reported type of weld is steel to alumina with an aluminium interlayer. For this reason the literature study included in this thesis, also focuses on friction welding of aluminium to steel and aluminium to ceramic. A detailed explanation will be given for the most challenging difficulties like the creation of a brittle intermetallic compound layer in a steel-aluminium weld interface and the creation of fatal thermally induced stresses in an aluminium-ceramic weld interface. Both of these problems must be dealt with in order to produce a strong bond. A redesigned rotary friction welding machine is currently being assembled and will be used for the experimental part of this research.
Keywords
friction welding, steel, ceramics, aluminium

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Chicago
Rombaut, Pieter, Wim De Waele, and Koenraad Faes. 2011. “Friction Welding of Steel to Ceramic.” In Sustainable Construction and Design, ed. Jeroen Van Wittenberghe, 2:448–457. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University, Laboratory Soete.
APA
Rombaut, P., De Waele, W., & Faes, K. (2011). Friction welding of steel to ceramic. In J. Van Wittenberghe (Ed.), SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION AND DESIGN (Vol. 2, pp. 448–457). Presented at the Sustainable Construction and Design 2011 (SCAD), Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University, Laboratory Soete.
Vancouver
1.
Rombaut P, De Waele W, Faes K. Friction welding of steel to ceramic. In: Van Wittenberghe J, editor. SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION AND DESIGN. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University, Laboratory Soete; 2011. p. 448–57.
MLA
Rombaut, Pieter, Wim De Waele, and Koenraad Faes. “Friction Welding of Steel to Ceramic.” Sustainable Construction and Design. Ed. Jeroen Van Wittenberghe. Vol. 2. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University, Laboratory Soete, 2011. 448–457. Print.
@inproceedings{1178899,
  abstract     = {The goal of this paper is to give a clear summary of the literature review performed during the master thesis on friction welding on dissimilar materials. Of main interest for this work is the welding of steel to a ceramic material such as alumina (Al2O3). Because of the difficulties involved in producing a sound weld for this material combination, not a lot of literature is available on this topic. This paper starts with a discussion on the basics of friction welding and typical problems encountered in welding of steel to ceramic. Almost all research articles that have been found in open literature state that welding steel to a ceramic is nearly impossible without using an interlayer consisting of a compatible metal. The most frequently reported type of weld is steel to alumina with an aluminium interlayer. For this reason the literature study included in this thesis, also focuses on friction welding of aluminium to steel and aluminium to ceramic. A detailed explanation will be given for the most challenging difficulties like the creation of a brittle intermetallic compound layer in a steel-aluminium weld interface and the creation of fatal thermally induced stresses in an aluminium-ceramic weld interface. Both of these problems must be dealt with in order to produce a strong bond. A redesigned rotary friction welding machine is currently being assembled and will be used for the experimental part of this research.},
  author       = {Rombaut, Pieter and De Waele, Wim and Faes, Koenraad},
  booktitle    = {SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION AND DESIGN},
  editor       = {Van Wittenberghe, Jeroen},
  isbn         = {9789490726010},
  issn         = {2032-7471},
  keyword      = {friction welding,steel,ceramics,aluminium},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Ghent, Belgium},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {448--457},
  publisher    = {Ghent University, Laboratory Soete},
  title        = {Friction welding of steel to ceramic},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2011},
}