Advanced search
1 file | 213.00 KB

Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment

(2009) BIOENERGY RESEARCH. 2(3). p.144-152
Author
Organization
Abstract
Large areas of land contaminated with cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) are currently in agricultural production in the Campine region in Belgium. Cadmium contents in food and fodder crops frequently exceed legal threshold values, resulting in crop confiscation. This imposes a burden on agriculture and regional policy and, therefore, encourages proper soil management. One way to increase agricultural income and improve soil quality is by growing alternative nonfood crops such as willows in short-rotation coppice (SRC) systems that remediate the soil. This paper compares SRC of willow with rapeseed and energy maize regarding four attributes: metal accumulation capacity, gross agricultural income per hectare, CO2 emission avoidance potential, and agricultural acceptance. Based on multicriteria decision analysis, we conclude that, although SRC of willow has a high potential as an energy and remediating crop, it is unlikely to be implemented on the short term in Flanders unless the economic incentives for the farmers are improved.
Keywords
PHYTOEXTRACTION, MULTICRITERIA, LAND-USE, HEAVY-METALS, CADMIUM, REMEDIATION, SOILS, SWEDEN, BIOMASS PRODUCTION, Soil remediation, ENERGY CROP CULTIVATION, Multicriteria decision analysis, Income, CO2, Belgium, Agriculture

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 213.00 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Witters, Nele, Stijn Van Slycken, Ann Ruttens, Kristin Adriaensen, Erik Meers, Linda Meiresonne, Filip Tack, Theo Thewys, Erik Laes, and Jaco Vangronsveld. 2009. “Short-rotation Coppice of Willow for Phytoremediation of a Metal-contaminated Agricultural Area: a Sustainability Assessment.” Bioenergy Research 2 (3): 144–152.
APA
Witters, Nele, Van Slycken, S., Ruttens, A., Adriaensen, K., Meers, E., Meiresonne, L., Tack, F., et al. (2009). Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment. BIOENERGY RESEARCH, 2(3), 144–152.
Vancouver
1.
Witters N, Van Slycken S, Ruttens A, Adriaensen K, Meers E, Meiresonne L, et al. Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment. BIOENERGY RESEARCH. 2009;2(3):144–52.
MLA
Witters, Nele, Stijn Van Slycken, Ann Ruttens, et al. “Short-rotation Coppice of Willow for Phytoremediation of a Metal-contaminated Agricultural Area: a Sustainability Assessment.” BIOENERGY RESEARCH 2.3 (2009): 144–152. Print.
@article{1174642,
  abstract     = {Large areas of land contaminated with cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) are currently in agricultural production in the Campine region in Belgium. Cadmium contents in food and fodder crops frequently exceed legal threshold values, resulting in crop confiscation. This imposes a burden on agriculture and regional policy and, therefore, encourages proper soil management. One way to increase agricultural income and improve soil quality is by growing alternative nonfood crops such as willows in short-rotation coppice (SRC) systems that remediate the soil. This paper compares SRC of willow with rapeseed and energy maize regarding four attributes: metal accumulation capacity, gross agricultural income per hectare, CO2 emission avoidance potential, and agricultural acceptance. Based on multicriteria decision analysis, we conclude that, although SRC of willow has a high potential as an energy and remediating crop, it is unlikely to be implemented on the short term in Flanders unless the economic incentives for the farmers are improved.},
  author       = {Witters, Nele and Van Slycken, Stijn and Ruttens, Ann and Adriaensen, Kristin and Meers, Erik and Meiresonne, Linda and Tack, Filip and Thewys, Theo and Laes, Erik and Vangronsveld, Jaco},
  issn         = {1939-1234},
  journal      = {BIOENERGY RESEARCH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {144--152},
  title        = {Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12155-009-9042-1},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2009},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: