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Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment

Nele Witters, Stijn Van Slycken UGent, Ann Ruttens, Kristin Adriaensen, Erik Meers UGent, Linda Meiresonne, Filip Tack UGent, Theo Thewys, Erik Laes and Jaco Vangronsveld (2009) BIOENERGY RESEARCH. 2(3). p.144-152
abstract
Large areas of land contaminated with cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) are currently in agricultural production in the Campine region in Belgium. Cadmium contents in food and fodder crops frequently exceed legal threshold values, resulting in crop confiscation. This imposes a burden on agriculture and regional policy and, therefore, encourages proper soil management. One way to increase agricultural income and improve soil quality is by growing alternative nonfood crops such as willows in short-rotation coppice (SRC) systems that remediate the soil. This paper compares SRC of willow with rapeseed and energy maize regarding four attributes: metal accumulation capacity, gross agricultural income per hectare, CO2 emission avoidance potential, and agricultural acceptance. Based on multicriteria decision analysis, we conclude that, although SRC of willow has a high potential as an energy and remediating crop, it is unlikely to be implemented on the short term in Flanders unless the economic incentives for the farmers are improved.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
PHYTOEXTRACTION, MULTICRITERIA, LAND-USE, HEAVY-METALS, CADMIUM, REMEDIATION, SOILS, SWEDEN, BIOMASS PRODUCTION, Soil remediation, ENERGY CROP CULTIVATION, Multicriteria decision analysis, Income, CO2, Belgium, Agriculture
journal title
BIOENERGY RESEARCH
BioEnergy Res.
volume
2
issue
3
pages
144 - 152
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000278487700008
ISSN
1939-1234
DOI
10.1007/s12155-009-9042-1
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1174642
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1174642
date created
2011-02-28 11:09:52
date last changed
2011-03-23 11:59:36
@article{1174642,
  abstract     = {Large areas of land contaminated with cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) are currently in agricultural production in the Campine region in Belgium. Cadmium contents in food and fodder crops frequently exceed legal threshold values, resulting in crop confiscation. This imposes a burden on agriculture and regional policy and, therefore, encourages proper soil management. One way to increase agricultural income and improve soil quality is by growing alternative nonfood crops such as willows in short-rotation coppice (SRC) systems that remediate the soil. This paper compares SRC of willow with rapeseed and energy maize regarding four attributes: metal accumulation capacity, gross agricultural income per hectare, CO2 emission avoidance potential, and agricultural acceptance. Based on multicriteria decision analysis, we conclude that, although SRC of willow has a high potential as an energy and remediating crop, it is unlikely to be implemented on the short term in Flanders unless the economic incentives for the farmers are improved.},
  author       = {Witters, Nele and Van Slycken, Stijn and Ruttens, Ann and Adriaensen, Kristin and Meers, Erik and Meiresonne, Linda and Tack, Filip and Thewys, Theo and Laes, Erik and Vangronsveld, Jaco},
  issn         = {1939-1234},
  journal      = {BIOENERGY RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {PHYTOEXTRACTION,MULTICRITERIA,LAND-USE,HEAVY-METALS,CADMIUM,REMEDIATION,SOILS,SWEDEN,BIOMASS PRODUCTION,Soil remediation,ENERGY CROP CULTIVATION,Multicriteria decision analysis,Income,CO2,Belgium,Agriculture},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {144--152},
  title        = {Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12155-009-9042-1},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Witters, Nele, Stijn Van Slycken, Ann Ruttens, Kristin Adriaensen, Erik Meers, Linda Meiresonne, Filip Tack, Theo Thewys, Erik Laes, and Jaco Vangronsveld. 2009. “Short-rotation Coppice of Willow for Phytoremediation of a Metal-contaminated Agricultural Area: a Sustainability Assessment.” Bioenergy Research 2 (3): 144–152.
APA
Witters, N., Van Slycken, S., Ruttens, A., Adriaensen, K., Meers, E., Meiresonne, L., Tack, F., et al. (2009). Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment. BIOENERGY RESEARCH, 2(3), 144–152.
Vancouver
1.
Witters N, Van Slycken S, Ruttens A, Adriaensen K, Meers E, Meiresonne L, et al. Short-rotation coppice of willow for phytoremediation of a metal-contaminated agricultural area: a sustainability assessment. BIOENERGY RESEARCH. 2009;2(3):144–52.
MLA
Witters, Nele, Stijn Van Slycken, Ann Ruttens, et al. “Short-rotation Coppice of Willow for Phytoremediation of a Metal-contaminated Agricultural Area: a Sustainability Assessment.” BIOENERGY RESEARCH 2.3 (2009): 144–152. Print.