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Copularization processes in French: constructional intertwining, lexical attraction, and other dangerous things

(2013) FOLIA LINGUISTICA HISTORICA. 34(1). p.115-147
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Abstract
Copular verbs most often originate from bleached intransitive verbs that have incorporated in their valency originally optional predicative adjuncts. The originally optional element is then reanalyzed as the central predicate and gradually extends its scope through the lexicon along the following path: A>N(P). Although at first sight, the case of the (reflexive) evidential copulas s'averer and se reveler both meaning 'turn out to be' - may look like instances of this general diachronic schema, we argue that the present state is the result, on the one hand, of the complex interaction of the indirect (with comme 'as') and the direct copular construction (constructional intertwining), and, on the other, of lexical attraction between se reveler and s'averer. The case of se reveler and s'averer suggests that copularisation processes are far more diverse and complex than generally assumed.
Keywords
analogy, lexical attraction, copular verbs, French, grammaticalisation

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Chicago
Lauwers, Peter, and Els Tobback. 2013. “Copularization Processes in French: Constructional Intertwining, Lexical Attraction, and Other Dangerous Things.” Folia Linguistica Historica 34 (1): 115–147.
APA
Lauwers, P., & Tobback, E. (2013). Copularization processes in French: constructional intertwining, lexical attraction, and other dangerous things. FOLIA LINGUISTICA HISTORICA, 34(1), 115–147.
Vancouver
1.
Lauwers P, Tobback E. Copularization processes in French: constructional intertwining, lexical attraction, and other dangerous things. FOLIA LINGUISTICA HISTORICA. 2013;34(1):115–47.
MLA
Lauwers, Peter, and Els Tobback. “Copularization Processes in French: Constructional Intertwining, Lexical Attraction, and Other Dangerous Things.” FOLIA LINGUISTICA HISTORICA 34.1 (2013): 115–147. Print.
@article{1173616,
  abstract     = {Copular verbs most often originate from bleached intransitive verbs that have incorporated in their valency originally optional predicative adjuncts. The originally optional element is then reanalyzed as the central predicate and gradually extends its scope through the lexicon along the following path: A{\textrangle}N(P). Although at first sight, the case of the (reflexive) evidential copulas s'averer and se reveler both meaning 'turn out to be' - may look like instances of this general diachronic schema, we argue that the present state is the result, on the one hand, of the complex interaction of the indirect (with comme 'as') and the direct copular construction (constructional intertwining), and, on the other, of lexical attraction between se reveler and s'averer. The case of se reveler and s'averer suggests that copularisation processes are far more diverse and complex than generally assumed.},
  author       = {Lauwers, Peter and Tobback, Els},
  issn         = {0168-647X},
  journal      = {FOLIA LINGUISTICA HISTORICA},
  keyword      = {analogy,lexical attraction,copular verbs,French,grammaticalisation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {115--147},
  title        = {Copularization processes in French: constructional intertwining, lexical attraction, and other dangerous things},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/flih.2013.005},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2013},
}

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