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Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries

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Abstract
Variations in the association between education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries are investigated. Analyses are based on the European Social Survey Round 3 (N = 34,443). Education was coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education. Depressive symptoms are measured by the shortened Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 8). The results of multiple logistic regressions show that people with low education have elevated risks of experiencing a high score of depressive symptoms. Relatively large inequalities were observed among both sexes for Hungary and Slovenia, small and non-significant inequalities for Austria, Denmark, and Estonia. The results indicate that educational inequalities in depressive symptoms are a generalized although not invariant phenomenon.
Keywords
Depressive symptoms, Educational inequalities, Europe, International differences, SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES, HEALTH, MORBIDITY

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
von dem Knesebeck , Olaf , Elise Pattyn, and Piet Bracke. 2011. “Education and Depressive Symptoms in 22 European Countries.” International Journal of Public Health 56 (1): 107–110.
APA
von dem Knesebeck , O., Pattyn, E., & Bracke, P. (2011). Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 56(1), 107–110.
Vancouver
1.
von dem Knesebeck O, Pattyn E, Bracke P. Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2011;56(1):107–10.
MLA
von dem Knesebeck , Olaf , Elise Pattyn, and Piet Bracke. “Education and Depressive Symptoms in 22 European Countries.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 56.1 (2011): 107–110. Print.
@article{1169780,
  abstract     = {Variations in the association between education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries are investigated. Analyses are based on the European Social Survey Round 3 (N = 34,443). Education was coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education. Depressive symptoms are measured by the shortened Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 8). The results of multiple logistic regressions show that people with low education have elevated risks of experiencing a high score of depressive symptoms. Relatively large inequalities were observed among both sexes for Hungary and Slovenia, small and non-significant inequalities for Austria, Denmark, and Estonia. The results indicate that educational inequalities in depressive symptoms are a generalized although not invariant phenomenon.},
  author       = {von dem Knesebeck , Olaf  and Pattyn, Elise and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {1661-8556},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {Depressive symptoms,Educational inequalities,Europe,International differences,SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES,HEALTH,MORBIDITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {107--110},
  title        = {Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-010-0202-z},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2011},
}

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